UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 1 3 January 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
13 January 2018
Prelims Test Series Starts from 7th January 2018 (25 Tests – Fees: 2000/-)
Mains Test Series Starts from 3rd January 2018 (20 Tests – Fees: 4000/-)
Public Administration Optional Online Course Starts from 8th January 2018 (Fees:25000/-)
Four supreme court Judges air differences with CJI Mishra
Four senior most Judges of SC who are also part of collegium aired their differences with CJI in open through a press conference. They stated that, it is a fulfilment of a duty to the nation and institution. It is feared that institutional credibility can be effected in the long run.
Issues raised by them are
Roster : CJI as the administrative head of SC is the master of roster. It is an established precedent. Impartiality of CJI is essential to maintain independence of office. It is alleged that roster is been decided in such a way that senior judges are not allocated with sensitive Judicial work of national importance. According to them, convention of the court demands that important cases of public interest should be first handled by CJI and if not senior most judge of SC.
MoP : centre’s silence on Memorandum of procedure has led to delay in appointment of Judges. As centre has not decided on time, it can be concluded as acceptance to speed up judicial appointments.
Judicial independence is critical for functioning of democracy. Previously, by passing Justice Hansraj Khanna, than senior most Judge of SC to be elevated to CJI has become controversial. It was seen as a response to his Judgement in ADM jabalpur case. He is the lone judge who favoured protection of right to life and liberty during emergency. Later, Appointment of AN Ray as CJI bypassing 3 senior most Judges also become controversial. I has come after Keshavananda Bharati judgement. It was alleged that Government is trying to create a committed Judiciary through appointing judges of its own.
ISRO workhorse PSLV 40 puts 31 satellites to space – ISRO has placed 31 satellites in to space through PSLV – C40 along with Cartosat 2
New US sanctions wont hit chabahar port, says Iran.
Rights in the age of big data
Technology is a means and not an end.
Technology and change can be transitory phenomenon. Rights are bigger questions of law and philosophy. They are the issues of principles and values.
Technology and innovation shall not lead to servitude and impotence. Economic benefits promised by technology shall not obscure rights of the citizens.
so, in framing of a data protection law – a balancing act between technological innovation and individual rights in unwarranted. It can not be a debate at all. Individual rights always take precedence over the other. Privacy concerns of individual shall get precedence as it is essential for human dignity and individual autonomy.
A perfect storm of uncertainty
Govt of India do not have a certain data related to revenue estimates. It is due to the confusion associated with GST filing date, input credit credits to be paid etc. In this scenario, only rough revenue estimates have to be worked out for this budget.