- Copyright treaties get cabinet nod
WIPO is one of the specialized agencies of UN. WIPO was created in 1967 to encourage creative activity, to promote the protection of intellectual property throughout the world.
WIPO COPYRIGHT TREATY:-
This treaty came into force in 2002 and has been adopted by 96 contracting parties till date. It is a special agreement under Berne convention (for the protection of literary and artistic works). It has provisions to extend the protection of copyrights contained therein to the digital environment.
WIPO PERFORMERS AND PHONOGRAMS TREATY:-
This treaty came into force in 2002 and 96 contracting parties as its members. It deals with the rights of performers (actors, singers, musicians etc.) and producers of phonograms (sound recordings) in digital environment. It recognizes moral rights of the performers for the first time and provides exclusive economic rights to them in digital environment.
- NCLT verdict in Tata, Mistry case on July 9.
- It is a quasi-judicial body in India.
- It adjudicates issues relating to Indian companies.
- It was established under the companies act 2013 on 1 June 2016 on the recommendation of Justice Eradi committee on law relating to insolvency and winding up of companies.
The NCLT has the power under the companies Act to adjudicate proceedings:
- Initiated before the company Law Board under the previous act(the companies act 1956)
- Pending before the Board for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction (BIFR), including those pending under the sick Industrial companies (special provisions) act, 1985.
- Pending before the Appellate Authority for Industrial and Financial Reconstruction and
- Pertaining to claims of oppression and mismanagement of a company, winding up of companies and all other powers prescribed under the Companies Act.
- Union cabinet clears DNA profiling Bill
DNA PROFILING TECHNOLOGY:-
DNA fingerprinting or DNA profiling is method of isolating and identifying variable elements within the base-pair sequence of DNA. DNA fingerprinting technology is utilized by police all over the world for fool-proof identification of criminal who leave their traces at crime scene while committing crime.
HUMAN DNA PROFILING BILL:-
- The bill proposes to allow collection of samples from private parts of human body for DNA profiling and data preservation with the approval of a regulatory body.
- This bill suggests a National DNA Profiling Board and a National DNA bank beset up in Hyderabad, with every state having a regional DNA data bank. This DNA bank would maintain records of samples found at crime scenes, or from suspects, offenders, missing persons, volunteers, etc.
- The bill also makes it clear that no DNA laboratory shall undertake DNA profiling without the prior approval of the DNA board.
- If a foreign country requests DNA profiling, the DNA bank will coordinate through CBI or a concerned department.
- The bill mandates that the DNA profiles or samples be kept confidential, and they should e used only for establishing identity of a person and nothing else.
- Government investigation agencies and judiciary, among others, can seek information from Data Banks. For unauthorized use of data, a stringent punishment is provided.
But, some activists argued that the manner in which DNA information was to be collected and the way they were to be stored by forensic laboratories constituted a violation of privacy.
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