CURRENT AFFAIRS FOR BEGINNERS
- SC says it is ready to go live, centre moots a TV channel
Live streaming of court proceedings:
- SC said that the proceedings in the court can go for live streaming. i.e., people outside the court can also see the proceedings parallel on live and
- The court also said that this is an extension to open court system. Open court system is a system where public can walk in and watch court proceedings.
Government said to create a separate TV channel for live-streaming court proceedings like a TV channel for Rajyasabha and loksabha.
Advantages of live streaming:-
- It can help litigants (who filed the petitions) follow the proceedings in their case and it can check their lawyers performance.
- People from far away states need not come to New Delhi for their oe day hearing.
- This will bring to advance the
- Rule of law (In Art-14 of our Indian constitution, there are two provisions:- equality before law and equal protection of law. The provision equality before law was taken from rule of law which was propounded by a.v.dicey).
In this rule of law , there are three aspects:-
- No man can be punished except for a breach of law
- Equality before law(I.e., everyone is equal before law whether rich or poor, high or low, official or non-official)
- This rule of law gives utmost priority to the individual rights and also says the constitution is the result of the individual rights.
- Transparency- openness, communication, accountability. Now, with the live streaming of court proceedings, people know what happening in the court, gives openness and communications and thus it also ensures accountability.
- Access to justice.
Issues with the live streaming of court proceedings:-
- There is a problem of filtering of cases, which cases need to be allowed to live streaming and which cases should not. For example, cases like national security, Matrimonial disputes and rape cases. These cases may raise the issue of right to privacy and right to human dignity.
- There may be some broad casting problems like to whom the work of broadcasting should allocate and how to select these and the procedures and agreements related to it.
- IISC, IIT-D chosen for special grants
Institutions of eminence:-
The centre grants the status of institutions of eminence to six higher education institutions.
Institutions of Eminence Deemed to be Universities, which shall be regulated differently from other deemed to be universities so as to evolve into institutions of world class teaching and research institutions in a reasonable time period and enable these institutions to enter into world’s top 500 in a decade and into the top 100 gradually.
These institutions will be having certain special provisions. They are:-
i)permitted to admit 30% foreign students with no restrictions on fees charged from them,
- ii) hire foreign faculty to the tune of 25% of the total faculty
iii)can offer online courses upto 20% of its programmes
iii) can enter into academic collaborations with top 500 global universities without UGC approval.
iv)They will have full flexibility in evolving curricula and syllabi.
v)flexibility of course structure in terms of number of credit hours and years to take a degree
- vi) will be free from the regulations of the AICTE(The All India Council for Technical Education), the UGC, or the HECI.
The National Institutional Ranking Framework (NIRF) is a methodology adopted by the Ministry of Human Resource Development(MHRD), Government of India, to rank institutions of higher education in India. The Framework was approved by the MHRD and launched by Minister of Human Resource Development on 29 September 2015. There are separate rankings for different types of institutions depending on their areas of operation like universities and colleges, engineering institutions, management institutions, pharmacy institutions and architecture institutions. The Framework uses several parameters for ranking purposes like resources, research, and stakeholder perception. These parameters have been grouped into five clusters and these clusters were assigned certain weightages. The weightages depend on the type of institution.
The Committee recommended the classification of institutions into two categories:
- Category A institutions: These are institutions of national importance set up by Acts of Parliament, State Universities, Deemed-to-be Universities, Private Universities and other autonomous institutions.
- Category B institutions: These are institutions affiliated to a University and do not enjoy full academic autonomy.
- The measure of tests
This article is about the entrance examination i.e., JEE and NEET for higher education.
Ashok Misra panel recommendations:-
The committee on eminent persons was constituted by IIT council under the chairmanship of Prof Ashok Misra to recommend the major changes in the entrance examination structure for the institutes including setting up of a National testing service- to conduct entrance examinations for higher educations.
The other recommendations are:-
- Online aptitude test must be offered two or three times a year.
- Regulation of coaching institutes
- IIT should develop a system for developing mock JEE examinations which will help students prepare for the JEE significantly and “wean them away from the coaching industry”.
- Board marks shall not be counted for giving ranks.