UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 04 January 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
04 January 2018
Prelims Test Series Starts from 7th January 2018 (25 Tests – Fees: 2000/-)
Mains Test Series Starts from 3rd January 2018 (20 Tests – Fees: 4000/-)
Public Administration Optional Online Course Starts from 8th January 2018 (Fees:25000/-)
Maharashtra shuts down as Dalits and Marathas Join forces
Ideological and caste differences bought major cities of Maharashtra to standstill. The battle of Koregaon Bhima fought in 1818 between East Indian company and Peshwas is the reason for present standstill. In this war, Mahars Employed in East India company fought in favour of them and are responsible for defeat of Peshwa. War is a symbol of valour for Dalit community and loss of Maratha pride to imperialistic power to others. In this scenario, 200th commemorative year has brought conflict to forefront.
Understanding Bhima Koregaon
It can be seen from following dimensions
nationalist vs Imperialistic perspective.
A diversionary tactic from growing unrest among Marathas on employment and education needs.
Politicisation of Dalits and development of Dalit solidarity.
Chilka lake sees a marginal drop of birds at 8.9lakh:
Bord population at the chilka lake – Largest brackish water lagoon in india saw a fall in bird visitors.
Goan chief minister Manohar Parrikar clarified that Goa is only objecting Karnataka’s plans for transfer of water from the deficit basin of Mahadayi to Malaprabha.
Towards a genomic revolution
Genetics provides for endless possibilities to medical field. If integrated with Bio technology, Nano technology and Bio informatics its benefits become synergistic and gets multiplied. Costs of genomic research also have come down drastically. Today, sequencing of entire genome has come down to less than $1000 per individual. India has to take initiate a serious work on following areas to improve quality of services to its people.
India needs to collect information about genetics of its population and train manpower capable of interpreting it.
As genetics diversity of India is too high, wider surveys on gene pools need to be conducted. It helps to identify genetic risk factors for common diseases.
Synergy need to be established with bio informatics, bio technology to ensure genomics revolution.
Regulatory framework, Human resource development is necessary to promote broad framework for both public and private sectors.
India has scientific resources for genetic research – all it needs is a vision at national level to synergise efforts and to realise outcomes.
President trump has announced for withdrawal of aid to Pakistan and accused of not taking sufficient action on Pak based terror groups operating in Afghanistan. This is in tune with newly announced Afghanistan policy of Government. But there are few important take outs for india.
Pakistan is still strategically important for USA and its war on terror in Afghanistan. It is a major Non NATO ally of Pakistan. If carefully observed Pakistan is not part of the travel ban countries announced by president Trump.
All American statements are focussed on Pakistan’s support to terror groups that threaten peace in Afghanistan and more particularly US troops in Afghanistan. They action against groups that focus on India is not its priority.
China is coming in strong support of Pakistan both financially and military. so, Pakistan is not much worried about loss of aid support from USA in the immediate future.
National register of citizens in Assam is complicated by many factors.
India do not have a deportation treaty with Bangladesh.
Preparation of register is delayed, Many of the immigrants have children and Grand children born in the country. If their citizenship is rejected they are bound to become stateless citizens.
Citizenship(Amendment) bill that makes Hindu migrants from Bangladesh eligible for citizenship makes things further complicated.
Behind the enemy line
Cease fire violations are causing man and material damage on both sides of the border. In his scenario, following observations are important
There is far more border population on the Pakistani side than on Indian side. So, popular pressure from Pakistani side is higher on army for ceasefire.
Cross LoC trade has persisted inspite of ceasefire violations.
Pakistan deployment on the LoC is thin compared to Indian side.
Military officers posted on both sides are far more open to confidence budding measures than the civilian bureaucracy and Government.
Pakistan is willing to formalise ceasefire agreement of 2003.
So, following measures are very important
Reducing the destruction of civilian habitats on both side of the border.
Regular meetings between director generals on both sides.
Establishing more flat meetings between the commanders.