UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 05 January 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
05 January 2018
Prelims Test Series Starts from 7th January 2018 (25 Tests – Fees: 2000/-)
Mains Test Series Starts from 3rd January 2018 (20 Tests – Fees: 4000/-)
Public Administration Optional Online Course Starts from 8th January 2018 (Fees:25000/-)
Government refuses to list triple talaq bill changes first
Tamilnadu politics and political culture has a unique place in Indian politics. It is visible in anti Hindi movement, demands for strong federalism, semi autocratic patronage politics, developmental and welfare programs etc.
It is the state that overthrew the congress party from power in 1967 and never gave an opportunity for. A national party to take up power in the state.
Dravida movement has its strong roots in Justice party in pre independant days that is anti brahminical and pro poor empowerment. It is strongly driven by ideology. But slowly clan/ lineage politics entered in Dravida parties.
Caste and class synergy is clearly visible in Tamilnadu. Credit can be given to constant work of political parties. Middle castes entry in to political seats of power has first happened in TN.
Tamil Cinema, persona centred politics, centralised decision making are the characteristics of party system today. Political culture is strongly intermingled with welfarism centred around patronage.
Dravida parties are suffering from a leadership crisis. It has created a political vacuum and space for new entrants like kamal Hasan and Rajnikanth. Among these, Rajnikanth spoke of spiritual politics with out elaboration. The bigger question is – are these politics are meant a revival of right wing in Tamil nadu?
Civil wrong, criminal act – already discussed
On a high
2017 saw bull market and broad based participation in stock exchanges across the world. Economic growth in USA, Europe and Emerging markets, better corporate earnings, tax reforms initiated in USA are cited as the reason. Along with this, other reason can be excess fund flow from accommodative monetary policy in USA.
Inflationary tendencies in USA, strengthening of USA dollar may force fed to give up accommodative monetary policy. It can lead to flight of the capital away from emerging economies. It may end the bull market.
State of conflict
A conflict between Maratha pride and Dalit identity appears to be fermenting. Recent agitations by Maratha groups on Amendments to SC,ST (prevention of atrocities)act, Bhima – Koregaon issues are an indication of this. It need to be thoroughly enquired in to.
Should MPs and MLA’s be barred from practicing law?
MP and MLAs are public servants and they practicing law can be a conflict of interest. MPs participate in the removal proceedings of a Judge and in such a scenario, an undue influence exists on the Judge. They receive benefits from Government as public servants and failure to devolve full time to it or to legal practice can be professional misconduct.
On the other side
Lawyers in legislature add to the diversity of debate in legislative houses.
Legislators receive emoluments not salaries.