UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 06 January 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
06 January 2018
Prelims Test Series Starts from 7th January 2018 (25 Tests – Fees: 2000/-)
Mains Test Series Starts from 3rd January 2018 (20 Tests – Fees: 4000/-)
Public Administration Optional Online Course Starts from 8th January 2018 (Fees:25000/-)
Trump regime suspends security aid to Pakistan
USA has suspended military aid – foreign military financing and coalition support fund to Pakistan. Civilian assistance programmes are not included in the suspension.
TN tops in GER in higher Education
TN with 46.9% of Gross enrolment ratio tops in GER in higher Education.
GDP growth seen slowing to 4 year low of 6.5% in 2017-18
Slowing in agricultural, manufacturing sectors, decreased fixed capital formation, consumer demand are cited as the reasons for low predictions on GDP growth by Central statistical office.
Modi to address police officers
Prime Minister Modi will address DGP and IGPs from all states and central police organisations at Tekanpur in MP. Matters for deliberation are Cyber terrorism, impact of social media on society, cross border terrorism, radicalisation of Youth etc.
Memory, Myth and Memorial
The battle over Bhima – Koregan is not just one of history, it is a battle for identity and Equality
History narrates it as a battle between Nationalism and Imperialism.
In Dalit narrative, it is a matter of identity and symbol of their valour against Peshma – a symbol of Brahminical Authority.
For BJP’s electoral project – it is division of hindus on caste lines. A danger to Hindu consolidation in the future.
This too is right
Right to privacy also involves right to sexual privacy. It involves sexual choices including choosing sexual partners. Consented sex among adults – either homo or hetero sexuals can not be interfered by the state. It invariably contains the right to bodily integrity, self determination and sexual autonomy.
To prescribe a criminal punishment for voluntary sexual act is disproportionate. so, adultery is no more a criminal penal offence in west. It is a ground for divorce and alimony rights and not beyond that. India shall take a note of this.
Enabling a law
The right of Persons with disability act provides for all the establishments to provide necessary physical access to disabled. But. Government or private establishments did not take the law seriously. In this scenario, supreme court has imposed deadlines to various public facilities to provide access to disabled. It is a welcome step.
Added to this, Geo location based technology can be effectively used to for provision of services to the disabled.
Game for talks
South Korea and North Korea on a step forward towards talks. The reasons are
South Korea – USA military exercises are postponed to the comfort of north.
South Korea is conducting winter Olympics and participation of Athletes of North Korea can ally the security fears of other countries.
China also expressed concerns on deployment of THAAD missiles in south Korea.
Bengal’s burning shame
Lack of effective detternece, over the counter sale of acid, poor investigation and prosecution leading to low conviction rate made life of acid victims vulnerable in west Bengal. On the other hand, setting up of tribunals to deal with acid attacks, creation of National acid control council, ban on over counter sale of acid made a drastic reduction in Bangladesh.