UPSC IAS The Hindu Current Affairs 09 January 2018 highlights are:
- They allow for flexibility to continue political engagement and economic cooperation with their common adversary.
- They avoid entrapment of being dragged in to a partners dispute and potentially in to a conflict.
- At the same time, strategic partnership provides for regular political and military interactions for a collaborative approach to strategic policies.
India and Japan relations perfectly figure in to the above relationship.
- India will not get deep in to Japan disputes and the same is the case with Japan. A mutual cooperation exists on the wider issues where win win situation exists.
Important developments of India – Japan special strategic and global partnership are
- Japan is the only country India allowed to invest in infrastructure in North east.
- There is a joint infrastructure project development – Asia – Africa Growth corridor.
- Japan and India agreed to have annual summits and 2+ 2 format for defence and foreign ministers meeting.
- India is buying ShinMaywa Amphibious ships from Japan.
- Japan is investing in infrastructure development in Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
Nuclear deal in danger
Trump’s continuous tirade against Iran nuclear deal appears to be an end to Obama era pragmatism. Nuclear deal was successfully able to stop Iran form developing a nuclear weapon. Added to this, Iran never violated the deal. In these circumstances USA imposing sanctions against Iran, will set a dangerous precedent in international agreements. Iran nuclear deal being multilateral agreement, President shall end his rhetoric.
A big broom
Government effort to release names of shell companies, Name and shame its directors may not yield sufficient results to fight unaccounted money. In the process, there is a possibility of harassing genuine companies or directors.
The best way forward is to arrest systemic shortcomings.
Tax payer rights and obligations
Indian tax administration system shall move from an enforcement to a service based model. Intentions of reforms are good but they are reactive. DTAA, GAAR, transfer price mechanism, implementation of GST all have challenges.
improvement in taxpayers’ service, enhanced use of information and communication technology, exchange of information with other agencies, expansion of tax base, compliance management, etc. Need to be improved to make tax administration Service oriented.
Beyond social Media
In India Geographical indications (Registration and protection) act 1999 has provided for registration of Geographical indications. There is no effective monitoring mechanism for quality compliance of the same. Unlike this in the European regulation clearly provides for monitoring at multiple levels. India also shall have the same.
09 January 2018
Prelims Test Series Starts from 7th January 2018 (25 Tests – Fees: 2000/-)
Mains Test Series Starts from 3rd January 2018 (20 Tests – Fees: 4000/-)
Public Administration Optional Online Course Starts from 8th January 2018 (Fees:25000/-)
Larger bench to decide on Sec 377
Supreme Court has decided to refer homosexual and transgender rights of sexual orientation ( as stated to be violated by section 377)to larger bench. Previously, supreme court in Suresh Kumar Koushal vs Naz foundation case dismissed LGBT community as a negligible part of the population while denying them right to choice and sexual orientation.
A revision is necessary in the light of supreme court Judgement on Right to privacy. It is argued that sexual orientation is integral to human dignity and individual privacy.
Note: A right to sexuality, sexual autonomy and freedom to choose a sexual partner forms the cornerstone of human dignity and is protected under Art 21 of the constitution.
India unveils Pratyush, its fastest super computer
India has launched world’s fourth largest super computer Pratyush, that has peak power of 6.8 petaflops. It is going to be used for climate change studies.
Cyber crime victims can complain online
Ministry of Home affairs is creating an online portal to report cyber related crimes.
Break silos of information : Prime Minister
Prime Minister Modi in his address to top police brass stated that there shall be greater information sharing to fight terrorism, organised crime etc. He emphasised on rising cyber crime in India.
Bharatnet covers 1lakh Panchayats
Government of india as part of its digital India initiative has provided fibre net to one lakh villages.
Dark Clouds across Asia
More disorder is expected in Asia in 2018. The reasons are as follows
India – Pakistan – China triad in the region.
Breakdown of state in Afghanistan and Syria
South Asia – china entry in to Indian Ocean and India’s Neighbourhood.
Internationally, USA – china rivalry
Sunni – Shia conflict, Iran – Saudi cold war in west Asia
Israel Palestine conflict revival after declaration of Jerusalem as a capital by US.
In India there is no legal definition of Personal information and data protection law. Both are important to protect the right to privacy of citizens. As more data is accumulated and centralised, privacy is expected to be breached and a strong legal framework is necessary.
The age of crypto currencies
Crypto currencies are based on block chain technology which can overcome the need for centralised banking systems and ledger maintenance. It can disrupt the banking sector and is born out of distrust to the existing banking sector.
It gives enormous scope of efficiency and cost savings.Any rise in efficiency and profitability driven by technology across the world has created economic divisions. So, crypto currencies with peer to peer orientation renders it more democratic and it can not be socialistic.