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Daily News Analysis 28-11-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Grasp the climate moment (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     The Paris Climate Change Conference could become a landmark summit in the history of world development, if leaders of the rich nations show the vision to come up with a just and equitable agreement that supports carbon-free growth.

2.

Koiralas initiatives could start amendment process (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     The newly adopted Constitution of Nepal might undergo the first round of amendments if the latest round of consultations being held by former Prime Minister Sushil Koirala becomes successful.

3.

Israel to open its mission in Abu Dhabi (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Israeli officials said that Israel is set to open a mission in Abu Dhabi as part of an international green energy body - its first official presence in the United Arab Emirates.

4.

Constitution is our holy book: PM (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Asserting his governments commitment to the Constitution, Prime Minister Narendra Modi told Parliament that the religion of the government was India first and the Constitution its holy book.

5.

Modi-Sonia meet fails to end impasse (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     In a meeting that PM Modi had with former PM Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi failed to end the impasse on the controversial Goods and Services Tax Bill that has been hanging fire for long.

6.

Plan to tap into subsidies for poor to pay them pension (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     The government expects to spend Rs. 2.27 lakh crore on subsidies and another Rs. 2.41 lakh crore on the social sector schemes like the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act this year.

7.

Human development holds the key (Page 8)

a)     National

a)    Of late, the Kawal Tiger Reserve in Adilabad district has become a safe zone more for the resurgent Maoists than tigers. However, the clue to controlling extremism also lies in this disappointing phenomenon, if experts are to be believed.

8.

Sundarbans to become separate district next year (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced that the Sundarbans region would become a separate district in 2016. Sundarbans will be the 21st district of the State.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Grasp the climate moment (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     Paris Climate Conference 2015

b)     Climate change

c)     Carbon emissions

d)     Global warming

e)     Green Climate Fund

f)     United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change Conference (UNFCCC)

g)     Kyoto Protocol

a)     The Paris Climate Change Conference could become a landmark summit in history of world development, if leaders of the rich nations show the vision to come up with a just and equitable agreement that supports carbon-free growth.

b)     The heads of government meeting at UNFCCC opening on Nov 30 are under pressure to evolve a concrete plan that goes beyond incremental measures and acknowledges seriousness of scientific evidence on dangerous climate change.

c)     Any agreement must incorporate liberal financial and technological assistance from developed nations, which have a historical responsibility for global warming. Developing countries such as India face the difficult path of bringing millions of people out of poverty without significantly increasing their carbon emissions.

d)     India also has to adapt to the severe consequences of changing climate, such as catastrophic droughts and storms, damage to agriculture, loss of biodiversity and harm to human health.

e)     In Paris, the negotiations revolve around a target of further maximum rise in global temperatures of only 2 degrees Celsius over pre-industrial levels. This goal imposes a ceiling on the amount of carbon dioxide that can be added to the atmosphere by all countries put together, which is about 1000 billion tonnes.

f)     The principle of differentiated responsibilities was fundamental to the Kyoto Protocol, and there is no cause to review that for a new agreement. Instead, the focus must be on the absence of working arrangements to substantially fund mitigation of emissions and to help vulnerable countries adapt to the effects of climate change.

g)  Thus the negotiators at Paris have the challenge of crafting an agreement that incorporates all the key elements needed to attain the climate target. Fortunately, most countries including those in the global south have signalled their intention to take national actions to cut emissions.

2.

Koiralas initiatives could start amendment process (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Nepals new Constitution

b)     Madhesis concerns

 

a)     The newly adopted Constitution of Nepal might undergo the first round of amendments if the latest round of consultations being held by former Prime Minister Sushil Koirala becomes successful.

b)     However, Nepali govt sources informed that Koiralas initiative followed the multi-party meeting held on Nov 22 at the residence of Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli.

c)    In the last all party meeting on Nov 22, PM Oli had requested all parties to reach out individually to the Madhesis and Koiralas outreach is an outcome of that decision which was based on consensus.

d)     Official said that two amendments have already been registered in the Parliament and they will begin the process of internal adjustments for addressing the grievance of the Madhesi people. The first will be the amendment for Article 42 which covers guarantees for social justice and the second will cover the issue of proportional representation based on population share in constituencies.

3.

Israel to open its mission in Abu Dhabi (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Israel – UAE relations

b)     International Renewable Energy Agency

c)     Iran – P5+1 nuclear deal

 

a)     Israeli officials said that Israel is set to open a mission in Abu Dhabi as part of an international green energy body - its first official presence in the United Arab Emirates.

b)     The mission will operate under the International Renewable Energy Agency (of which Israel is a member).

c)     Establishing a permanent presence in Abu Dhabi will not change Israels official relationship with the UAE, which does not recognise Israel and has no diplomatic ties with the Jewish state.

d)     The presence of a permanent mission in Abu Dhabi is likely to boost diplomatic efforts by Israeli PM Benjamin Netanyahu who has repeatedly stressed that a nuclear deal between Iran and world powers opens the door to closer Israeli-Arab ties.

4.

Constitution is our holy book: PM (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Constitution of India

b)     Secularism

c)     Federalism

d)     Intolerance

e)     Article 21

f)     Article 44

g)     Article 48

h)     NJAC

i)     GST Bill

a)     Asserting his governments commitment to the Constitution, PM Modi told Parliament that the religion of the govt was India first and the Constitution its holy book.

b)     Modis address in the Lok Sabha came as part of the commemoration of Constitution to mark 125th birth anniversary year of chairman of its drafting committee Dr. B.R. Ambedkar and happened to coincide with a debate on intolerance and secularism outside Parliament.

c)   Reaching out to Opposition, Modi said consensus was more important than majority rule. Govt is looking to pass crucial Bills like the GST Bill (which requires a constitutional amendment) in the ongoing winter session of Parliament and needs to get a belligerent Opposition on board.

d)     Speaking in Rajya Sabha he commended the Janata govt of Morarji Desai that succeeded Indira Gandhis Emergency regime for making Article 21 (Right to Life) non-suspendable during an Emergency. He said that the Indira government had during the Emergency convinced the Supreme Court that people had lost their right to life and liberty at that time.

e)     Picking holes in present debate on secularism, Jaitley wondered that if the House had again become the Constituent Assembly and Dr. Ambedkar had proposed Articles 44 (uniform civil code) and Article 48 (ban on cow slaughter) today, how would this House have reacted? He added that the govts of Jawaharlal Nehru and Indira Gandhi had written to States to implement Article 48 and but for Kerala and West Bengal the others responded by banning cow slaughter.

f)     Disagreeing with the judiciarys opposition to NJAC, Jaitley said Dr. Ambedkar had stood for a consultative mechanism involving both the executive and judiciary for the appointment of judges. He said that one aspect of Constitution that had become increasingly relevant was federalism.

5.

Modi-Sonia meet fails to end impasse (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill

a)     In a meeting that PM Modi had with former PM Manmohan Singh and Congress president Sonia Gandhi failed to end the impasse on the controversial GST Bill that has been hanging fire for long.

b)     Congress position on the Bill is that it wanted 1 percent surcharge for manufacturing States to be scrapped, a cap of 18 percent on the GST tax, and the creation of a grievance redressal mechanism.

6.

Plan to tap into subsidies for poor to pay them pension (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA)  

b)     Atal Pension Yojana (APY)

c)     Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana

d)     Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana

e)     Jan Dhan Yojana

a)     The govt expects to spend Rs. 2.27 lakh crore on subsidies and another Rs. 2.41 lakh crore on the social sector schemes like the MGNREGA this year.

b)     Minister of State for Finance Jayant Sinha said we could explore whether some of benefits and subsidies that the govt gives at State or Central level under the MGNREGA and social assistance programmes are set aside for the Atal Pension Yojana.

c)     PM Modi launched three social security schemes this May. The APY has managed to enrol a little over 10 lakh members, against nearly 9.2 crore people who joined the Pradhan Mantri Suraksha Bima Yojana, an accident insurance scheme. The Pradhan Mantri Jeevan Jyoti Bima Yojana (a life insurance scheme) had 2.85 crore members.

d)   The APY requires members to contribute according to their target pension. The government contributes a maximum of Rs. 1000 a year to each account as an incentive.

e)     The Finance Ministry was now focusing on such targeted interventions through financial products, as it was satisfied with the progress of financial inclusion through the Jan Dhan Yojana, aimed at helping each household to have a bank account, and setting up of 23 new banks to expand financial access in the hinterland.

7.

Human development holds the key (Page 8)

a)     National

a)     Extremism

b)     Adivasis

c)     Kawal Tiger Reserve

d)     Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve

 

a)    Of late, the Kawal Tiger Reserve in Adilabad district has become a safe zone more for the resurgent Maoists than tigers. However, the clue to controlling extremism also lies in this disappointing phenomenon, if experts are to be believed.

b)     The development of villages in the buffer area of the Tadoba Andhari Tiger Reserve in Chandrapur district of Maharashtra can be a fine example of decreasing the forest communities dependence on forest and inclusive development.

c)     In KTR buffer areas, activity should be concentrated on formation of eco-development committees, capacity building for enhancing livelihoods, provision of LPG kits to decrease dependence of Adivasi families on forest for fuel needs and facilitation of value addition and marketing of non timber forest produce.

d)     In the current phase of its resurgence, Maoist activity in the district is confined to the jungles which form the reserve which in turn means that the thrust of anti-naxalite measures need to be restricted to this area only.

8.

Sundarbans to become separate district next year (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Sundarbans

b)     Amtali island

c)     Mangrove forests

a)     West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee announced that the Sundarbans region would become a separate district in 2016. Sundarbans will be the 21st district of the State.

b)     The archipelago comprises 104 islands (of the Indian side of the delta) of which 54 are inhabited. Along with a population of five million, Sundarbans are also home to about 76 tigers and a huge variety of fauna and flora found in the mangrove forests.

c)     There is an island called Amtali, which is administered by two districts. Part of the island falls under Gosaba block of North 24 Parganas district and the remaining part in Sandeshkhali region of South 24 Parganas district.

d)     Though the fragile ecosystem of the Sundarbans poses a challenge to people living there, the density of population remains high in the inhabited area.

e)     A report of World Bank released in February this year said that carrying capacity of the Indian Sundarbans has been exceeded, and the increased population was exerting pressure on the fragile and richest ecosystem of the world.

f)     While the population density of rest of West Bengal is 1030 person per sq km the islands of the archipelago also has high population density of about 1000 persons a sq. km.

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