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Daily News Analysis 01-12-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Call for pact on emission cuts (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     International

a)     Representing the two top emitters of GHGs in the world, US President Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping made a firm commitment at the Paris Climate Change conference to work for change, and called for an agreement that would cut carbon emissions and pave the way for a global transition to a green economy.

2.

As Modi, Sharif meet, Delhi police link spy ring to Pakistan High Commission (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     In a dramatic turn, PM Modi and his Pakistan counterpart Nawaz Sharif met and spoke on the sidelines of the UNFCCC main event in Paris. While neither side issued any statement on what prompted the meeting, it was not by chance.

3.

End the stand-off (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     The brief detention of 13 Indian border guards by the Nepali police is yet another example of the deteriorating relations between the two countries.

4.

Sri Lanka to get more military aid (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     India offered to provide technical assistance to the Sri Lanka Army for upgrading its military requirements.

5.

China hosts 1st BRICS media summit (Page 14)

a)     International

a)    China has taken the initiative for creating an alternative media platform for the emerging economies by hosting the first media summit of countries belonging to the BRICS grouping.

6.

Obama, Putin discuss Ukraine, Syria in Paris (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US President Obama and Russian President Putin discussed the Syria crisis and the situation in Ukraine during a meeting on the sidelines of the climate summit in Paris.

7.

Towards peace in the House (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     PM Modis confabulations last week with Congress leaders Sonia Gandhi and Manmohan Singh on the long-pending Goods and Services Tax Bill, a few hours after he struck an unusually conciliatory note on the floor of Parliament, signalled a dramatic change of style.

8.

Ambedkar favoured common civil code (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     On Dec 2 1948, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar defended the states endeavour to put in place a uniform civil code in future by including it among the Directive Principles of State Policy.

9.

Criminal defamation law not for use against criticism: SC (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Supreme Court expressed curiosity about the sheer inflow of cases connected to criminal defamation coming from Tamil Nadu.

10.

GDP growth accelerates to 7.4 percent in July-Sept (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Indias GDP grew at 7.4 percent in the July-Sept 2015 quarter as compared to 7 percent in the previous quarter, driven by a resurgence in manufacturing growth.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Call for pact on emission cuts (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     International

a)     Paris Climate Summit 2015

b)     Climate change

c)     Greenhouse gases (GHGs)

d)     Common But Differentiated Responsibilities (CBDR)

e)     Transformative Carbon Asset Facility

f)     Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF)

g)     Global Environment Facility (GEF)

h)     UNFCCC

 

a)     Representing the two top emitters of GHGs in the world, US President Obama and his Chinese counterpart Xi Jinping made a firm commitment at the Paris Climate Change conference to work for change, and called for an agreement that would cut carbon emissions and pave the way for a global transition to a green economy.

b)     Touching on an emerging issue in climate policy, French President Francois Hollande called for a progressive tax on carbon to reflect its true price, and send the message that there is a cost to emitting GHGs damaging the environment. 

c) PM Modi said India intended to make massive changes to its energy profile by increasing the share of renewables, achieving 175 GW by 2022.

d)     Referring to the rich-poor divide in combating climate change, Chinese President Xi told Paris conference that full and effective implementation of the principles and rules of the UNFCCC (notably CBDR) should be ensured.

e)     Developing nations should be allowed to seek their own solutions best suited to national conditions, while developed nations should mobilise funds for the $100 billion a year they had agreed to give before 2020. High levels of support should follow on an annual basis.

f)     Xi said China would forge South-South climate change cooperation, through its $20-billion fund, launch ten low-carbon industrial parks and support 100 mitigation and adaptation projects in other developing countries.

g)     A World Bank statement said that Germany, Norway, Sweden, and Switzerland announced a new $500-million initiative that will find new ways to create incentives aimed at large-scale cuts in GHG emissions in developing countries to combat climate change.

h)     The Transformative Carbon Asset Facility to go into operation in 2016 in developing countries is aimed at helping them cut plans to reduce emissions through new classes of carbon assets associated with GHG emission reductions.

i)     The World Bank said the facility would measure and fund emission cuts in large-scale programmes in renewable energy, transport, energy efficiency, solid waste management, and low-carbon cities.

j)     In another announcement for vulnerable countries, 11 donors pledged close to $250 million in new money for support to adapt themselves to climate change effects.

k)    Canada, Denmark, Finland, France and the US among other countries, announced contributions to the LDCF, a fund hosted by the GEF.

l)     Microsoft co-founder Bill Gates and other investors pledged $7 billion for research and development of clean energy. Gates said they hoped to get others to pitch in more in the coming days.

m)     In another announcement, the US, Canada and 9 European countries pledged nearly $250 million to help the most vulnerable countries adapt to rising seas, droughts and other consequences of climate change. Germany pledged $53 million, the US $51 million and Britain $45 million.

2.

As Modi, Sharif meet, Delhi police link spy ring to Pakistan High Commission (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Pakistan High Commission (PHC)  

c)     Border Security Force (BSF)

 

a)     In a dramatic turn, PM Modi and his Pak counterpart Nawaz Sharif met and spoke on the sidelines of the UNFCCC main event in Paris. While neither side issued any statement on what prompted the meeting, it was not by chance.

b) The meeting came on the day when the Delhi police claimed a spy ring busted by them in Jammu had possible links to the Pakistan High Commission.

c)     The police have claimed that the role of a Pakistan High Commission staffer is under the scanner for allegedly helping members of an espionage network infiltrating key security establishments in India.

3.

End the stand-off (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Nepal relations

b)     India – Nepal economic blockade

c)     Nepals new Constitution

d)     Madhesis concerns

e)     Nepals Armed Police Force (APF)

f)     Indias Sashastra Seema Bal (SSB)

g)     UNICEF

 

a)     The brief detention of 13 Indian border guards by Nepali police is yet another example of the deteriorating relations between the two countries.

b)     The crux of the situation is the differences between India and Nepal that have led to a 2-month blockade at border are now having a direct impact on the close cooperation and trust that the SSB and APF soldiers have shared for decades, and this marks a dangerous turn.

c)     It will require urgent discussions at every level of the military and civilian leadership on both sides to now bring this situation to a resolution, clear the protestors to largest extent possible on the Nepali side, and clear the backlog of trucks that have been piling up on Indian side since Sept 23 so ordinary Nepalis can receive much-needed fuel, food, medicines and other essential supplies.

d)     UNICEF (the United Nations Childrens Fund) has warned that more than 3 million children under the age of five in Nepal now face the risk of death or disease in winter.

e)     The govt of PM K.P. Oli could start simply by pushing through the amendments that his predecessor Sushil Koirala had cleared in the Cabinet. The govt had also started talks with Madhesi leaders to reach a consensus on constitutional amendments that would bring the country back to normalcy. But talks collapsed last month.

f)     PM Olis obsession with blaming India for all problems Nepal is facing serves as an excuse for his govts inability to find a solution. India too must face the fact that all its attempts at intervention in Constitution process have come a cropper.

g)     A stable, peaceful democratic Nepal is in Indias best interests. For this to be realised, both nations should first give up the confrontationist approach, and work together to resolve the impasse over the Constitution in Nepal.

4.

Sri Lanka to get more military aid (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF)

c)     Operation Pawan

d)     Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE)

a)     India offered to provide technical assistance to the Sri Lanka Army for upgrading its military requirements. This was conveyed by Gen. Dalbir Singh (Chief of the Indian Army) during a meeting with his Sri Lankan counterpart.

b)     He paid floral tributes at a memorial for soldiers of the Indian Peace Keeping Force, which fought against the LTTE during 1987-1990.

5.

China hosts 1st BRICS media summit (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     BRICS summit

b)     New Development Bank

c)     G-20 summit

 

a)    China has taken initiative for creating an alternative media platform for emerging economies by hosting the first media summit of countries belonging to BRICS grouping.

b)     The initiative follows the formation of New Development Bank, which is playing its part in evolving a new global financial architecture sensitised to meet the needs of the developing world.

c)     The organisers hope that their deliberations will also yield an agenda-setting consensus among the BRICS media on coordinating the coverage of G-20 summits, in tune with the priorities of the emerging economies.

6.

Obama, Putin discuss Ukraine, Syria in Paris (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US – Russia relations

b)     Paris Climate talks 2015

c)     Syria crisis

d)     Islamic State (IS)

e)     Ukraine crisis

a)     The Whitehouse official said that US President Obama and Russian President Putin discussed the Syria crisis and the situation in Ukraine during a meeting on the sidelines of the climate summit in Paris.

b)     Obama stressed the importance of targeting IS militants in Syria and not focusing military attacks against rebel groups who oppose Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad.

c)     The two Presidents discussed the imperative of making progress on the Vienna process to bring about a ceasefire and political resolution to civil war in Syria.

d)     During the discussion, the US President also emphasised a diplomatic solution to Ukraine crisis, adding that sanctions against Russia can be rolled back when Moscow honours the Minsk ceasefire accord.

7.

Towards peace in the House (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill

b)     Constitution Amendment Bill

c)     Lok Sabha

d)     Rajya Sabha

e)     Parliament

a)     PM Modis confabulations last week with Congress leaders Sonia Gandhi and Manmohan Singh on the long-pending GST Bill, hours after he struck an unusually conciliatory note on floor of Parliament, signalled a dramatic change of style.

b)     Modis new mild manner seemed to be an acknowledgement that a majority in the Lok Sabha is not enough, and he needs to build a consensus to give his govts legislative agenda a chance.

c)     Govt needs to negotiate with the Opposition to get its bills passed. Else, the govt risks attracting the phrase policy paralysis in its second year, and thereby parallels with the Congress-led UPA in its eighth.

d) After his Lok Sabha triumph, Modi had shown disdain for Parliament and parliamentary process, barely attending the House and refusing to answer tough questions on the floor of the House, when sought. Citing rules, he refused to concede to the Congress the position of Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha, even as he kept his engagement with the Opposition to the minimum.

e)     More important, a Central govt must reckon with Rajya Sabha, and courtesies need to be extended in one House to be reciprocated in the other.

8.

Ambedkar favoured common civil code (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Uniform civil code

b)     Directive Principles of State Policy

c)     Constitution of India

a)     On Dec 2 1948, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar defended the states endeavour to put in place a uniform civil code in future by including it among Directive Principles of State Policy.

b)     But he told the Constituent Assembly that this could not be done by force, adding that it would be mad to introduce it by provoking Muslims. This was days after he had suggested (on Nov 23 1948) that the future Parliament could (for a start) extend it to those who voluntarily agreed to be bound by it.

c)     On Nov 23 1948, he disagreed with an amendment suggested by some Muslim members that nothing in the provision should affect the personal law of citizens. However, he suggested that a possible shift to a common civil code could be voluntary for a beginning, meaning only those agreeing to be bound by it be brought under it.

d)     He said it does not say that after the Code is framed the State shall enforce it upon all citizens only because they are citizens. It is perfectly possible that the future Parliament may make a provision by way of making a beginning that the Code shall apply only to those who make a declaration that they are prepared to be bound by it, so that in the initial stage the application of the Code may be purely voluntary.

9.

Criminal defamation law not for use against criticism: SC (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Criminal defamation law

b)     Supreme Court

a)     The Supreme Court expressed curiosity about the sheer inflow of cases connected to criminal defamation coming from Tamil Nadu.

b)     A Bench of Justices was hearing a petition filed by DMDK leader Vijayakanth for protection against a criminal defamation case. The State government sought more time to file a reply.

c)     The same Bench had only recently heard and reserved for judgment a batch of petitions led by BJP leader Subramanian Swamy, who had also several criminal defamation cases filed against him by the State govt, to declare criminal defamation unconstitutional for having a chilling effect on free speech.

10.

GDP growth accelerates to 7.4 percent in July-Sept (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Make in India programme

d)     Monetary policy

e)     RBI

a)     Indias GDP grew at 7.4 percent in the July-Sept 2015 quarter as compared to 7percent in previous quarter, driven by a resurgence in manufacturing growth. At 9.3 percent, the manufacturing sector grew the fastest in three years.

b)     This news comes a day before the RBI monetary policy review where it will decide on whether to further cut interest rates or keep them as they are. This stronger growth, and the extent to which the RBI has already cut rates, suggests that the RBI will keep rates unchanged this time around.

c)  Official said the acceleration in the manufacturing sector shows that the govts policy direction is bearing fruit. The Make-in-India campaign with its objective of raising growth rate in the manufacturing sector has begun to make an impact.

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