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Daily News Analysis 04-02-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

            

India, Thailand firm up maritime cooperation (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     Indias Vice-President Hamid Ansari told the leadership of Thailand that India-Thailand collaboration is necessary to ensure freedom of navigation and connectivity in the Southeast Asian region.

2.

Most terror attacks originate from Pakistan, says Rajnath (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)    Sending out a dual message to Pak, the govt said that it would continue to engage with it to ensure it makes progress on the Pathankot investigation, but also made it clear that the Sharif govt would have to show sincerity as it is from their territory that most attacks come from.

3.

Dhaka not to cut ties with Islamabad (Pg 14)

a)     International

a)     Amid escalating tensions between Dhaka and Islamabad, Bangladesh said it is not taking any hurried decision to cut diplomatic ties with Pakistan.

4.

IS threat: Maharashtra rolls out deradicalisation plan (Pages 1, 12)

a)     National

a)     Faced with the challenges of both home-grown extremism and the global Islamic State threat, Maharashtra has rolled out a deradicalisation programme for the minority community.

5.

Time to debate Governors powers (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     By imposing Presidents rule in Arunachal Pradesh even before a mandatory floor test could establish conclusively that the Congress govt of Nabam Tuki had lost its majority, the Central govt acted prematurely.

6.

DBT regime may evolve into a social security platform (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     The government has drawn up an ambitious plan to scale up the present regime for direct transfer of benefits to the poor under various welfare schemes, by creating a unified national database of beneficiaries that can be updated in real-time and automatically trigger new benefits such as vaccine shots for a newborn baby.

7.

Coming to grips with female foeticide (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Union Minister for Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhis clarifications over her remarks on the existing ban on sex-selective abortions should put the focus back on the real issues.

8.

GM mustard study to be out soon (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (which examines the scientific merits of releasing genetically modified seeds into the environment) will consider making public, immediately, the results of tests and studies so far conducted to test the safety of transgenic (or GM) mustard.

9.

Union budget can help address slump in exports (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Indias exports (since Dec 2014) have been in negative territory. While the primary reason has been the slowdown in the global economy, declining crude oil prices coupled with low commodity prices have added to the woes of the exports sector.

10.

Indian firm develops Zika vaccine candidates (Pg 1)

a)     Health

a)     Vaccines manufacturer Bharat Biotech announced a breakthrough in developing the worlds first Zika vaccine.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

            

India, Thailand firm up maritime cooperation (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Thailand relations

b)    Maritime cooperation

c)     South China Sea dispute

d)     Operation Maitri

e)     Cobra Gold 2016

 

 

a)     Indias Vice-President Hamid Ansari told the leadership of Thailand that India-Thailand collaboration is necessary to ensure freedom of navigation and connectivity in the Southeast Asian region.

b)     He has expressed Indian concerns about freedom of navigation in the region due to growing maritime disputes between China and several other regional countries over South China Sea.

c)     Officials confirmed that India will participate in Cobra Gold 2016 (multilateral amphibious exercise) and Operation Maitri (counter-insurgency) operations.

d)    India and Thailand recently held a joint task force meeting in Delhi to deepen maritime and defence cooperation which covers a range of issues, including ocean safety, disaster management and anti-terror drills. The delegations also confirmed that India and Thailand will soon hold naval exercises in the Andaman Seas.

e)     That apart, both sides agreed to fast track the ongoing trilateral land corridor project connecting Thailand-Myanmar and India.

2.

Most terror attacks originate from Pakistan, says Rajnath (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Terrorism

c)     Pathankot terror attack

d)     Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism

e)     Foreign Secretary-level talks

f)     NSA talks

a)    Sending out a dual message to Pakistan, the govt said that it would continue to engage with it to ensure it makes progress on the Pathankot investigation, but also made it clear that the Sharif govt would have to show sincerity as it is from their territory that most attacks come from.

b)     Earlier in the day, Foreign Secretary Jaishankar said that despite the attacks, India would continue to engage Pakistan at both the Foreign Secretary and NSA levels.

c)     Focussing on Indias moves to prevent terror attacks, Singh called for more coordination among security agencies, and said the govt is working on a National Security Strategy.

3.

Dhaka not to cut ties with Islamabad (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Pakistan – Bangladesh relations

b)     Bangladeshs war crimes trials

 

a)     Amid escalating tensions between Dhaka and Islamabad, Bangladesh said it is not taking any hurried decision to cut diplomatic ties with Pakistan.

b)     Foreign Minister A.H. Mahmood Ali said that Islamabads reactions to the war crimes trials are tantamount to interference in Bangladeshs internal affairs.

4.

IS threat: Maharashtra rolls out deradicalisation plan (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Islamic State (IS)

b)     Global extremism

a)     Faced with the challenges of both home-grown extremism and the global Islamic State threat, Maharashtra has rolled out a deradicalisation programme for the minority community.

b)     The programme includes opening vyayam shalas in minority areas, making National Cadet Corps, Bharat Scouts and Guides compulsory in minority schools, and setting up an independent media outlet to deliver mainstream thoughts and values to the minority youth in the State.

c)     Concurrently, the State Home Department has rolled out a 50-point socio-economic strategy with the aim of bringing youth of the minority community into the mainstream and making coordinated efforts and policies in 13 sectors, including education, sports, urban planning, law and order, skill development, women and child, social justice, and health.

5.

Time to debate Governors powers (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     President Rule

b)     Article 356 of the Constitution

c)     Arunachal Pradeshs political crisis

d)     Governors powers

 

a)     By imposing Presidents rule in Arunachal Pradesh even before a mandatory floor test could establish conclusively that Congress govt of Nabam Tuki had lost its majority, the Central govt acted prematurely.

b)     When the Centre sought his assent for Presidents Rule in Arunachal Pradesh, President Pranab Mukherjee cautioned against a hasty decision - indeed, one that runs counter to PM Modis promise of cooperative federalism.

c)     The Supreme Court accepted that a Governor is not answerable to the courts for the exercise of the powers of his office.

d)  The imposition of Presidents Rule in Arunachal Pradesh is in keeping with the record of governments of all hues to use pliant Governors to dismiss opposition-run State govts.

e)     However, at present there is another concern: many Governors are being seen as active agents working to implement the Sangh Parivars Hindutva agenda.

f)     Later this month, when the President hosts the annual Governors conference, it would be in order to have a deeper discussion on the constitutional proprieties that should guide a Governors word and deed.

6.

DBT regime may evolve into a social security platform (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Direct Benefits Transfer (DBT) regime

b)     Jan Dhan Yojana

c)     Aadhaar

d)     Mobile Connectivity

a)     The govt has drawn up an ambitious plan to scale up the present regime for direct transfer of benefits to the poor under various welfare schemes, by creating a unified national database of beneficiaries that can be updated in real-time and automatically trigger new benefits such as vaccine shots for a newborn baby.

b)     The blueprint drawn up over the past three months aims to transform the DBT regime launched in Jan 2013, into a social security platform linked to the beneficiary database that will have details about the household.

c)     While the trinity of Jan Dhan Yojana, Aadhaar and mobile connectivity (referred to as JAM) would still play a key role, the govt believes there are still several operational issues with the three elements that will take time to sort out.

7.

Coming to grips with female foeticide (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Sex Ratio

b)     Census 2011

c)     Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCPNDT) Act

a)    Union Minister for Women and Child Development Maneka Gandhis clarifications over her remarks on the existing ban on sex-selective abortions should put the focus back on the real issues.

b)     There are three aspects to the proposal that she put forth at a conference in Jaipur: establish the sex of the foetus when a pregnancy is detected; tell the mother about it and register the fact in public records; and ensure that deliveries happen only in institutions and not at home.

c) This twin strategy of tracking sex-determined foetuses and requiring institutional deliveries is expected to ensure that female babies are not aborted, or killed at birth. While this idea might seem persuasive, like many technological fixes it betrays a worrying lack of awareness of social realities.

d)     The very attempt to record the status of the foetus involves the obvious risk of exposing women to undue psychological and social pressure to abort female foetuses.

e)     Two, such an intrusion by the state into a womans personal-biological space is unwelcome, even Orwellian. That such suggestions are being floated is an indication of Indias persisting inability to address the problem of female foeticide, and the continuum of social ills that this practice reflects.

f)    Clearly, the emphasis ought to be on the reversal of Indias adverse sex ratio among children in the 0-6 year age group. On a national average, the number of girls for every 1000 boys in this segment of the population dipped to 918 in the 2011 decennial population Census, with more disturbing regional variations.

g)     Notably, Menaka Gandhis six-time constituency of Pilibhit in Uttar Pradesh has seen a sharp drop in the child sex ratio in the 2001-2011 inter-Census period. Pilibhit could easily set an example for the whole country, if only by a scrupulous compliance with the spirit of the PCPNDT Act, under which any disclosure of the foetal status is a punishable offence.

8.

GM mustard study to be out soon (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     GM mustard

b)     Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC)

a)  The GEAC (which examines the scientific merits of releasing genetically modified seeds into the environment) will consider making public, immediately, the results of tests and studies so far conducted to test safety of transgenic (or GM) mustard.

b)     The GEAC is constituted by the Environment Ministry.

9.

Union budget can help address slump in exports (Page 15)

a)     Economy

a)     Union Budget 2016-17

b)     Indias exports

c)     Make in India initiative

d)     Global economic situation

a)     Indias exports (since Dec 2014) have been in negative territory. While the primary reason has been the slowdown in the global economy, declining crude oil prices coupled with low commodity prices have added to the woes of the exports sector.

b)     However, domestic challenges like slowdown in manufacturing, high logistics cost, increasing transaction cost and product profile of our exports have also contributed in no less measure.

c)   In upcoming Union Budget, we expect that the inverted duty structure in respect of various items may be addressed as it not only affects exports but also manufacturing sector and adversely impacts Make in India and import substitution strategy. The exemption from service tax on export may see the light of the day.

d)     We expect the exports sector to see some green shoots coming out only from the second quarter of the FY 2016-17 expecting to end financial year with an export figure of $310-15 billion.

10.

Indian firm develops Zika vaccine candidates (Page 1)

a)     Health

a)     Zika virus

b)     Microcephaly

c)     Aedes mosquito  

d)     WHO

a)     Vaccines manufacturer Bharat Biotech announced a breakthrough in developing the worlds first Zika vaccine. It has submitted to the govt 2 vaccine candidates: one inactivated and one recombinant.

b)     An inactivated vaccine consists of the disease-causing microbe killed with chemicals, heat, or radiation. This is more stable and safer than live vaccines. A recombinant vaccine is produced through the recombinant DNA technology.

c)     Zika virus is transmitted through an Aedes mosquito, which also causes dengue and chikungunya. The WHO has reported 22 countries and territories in the Americas from where the transmission of the virus has been reported.

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