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Daily News Analysis 07-02-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

            

India, Thailand in talks for exchange of prisoners (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    Worried over the possible proxy use of narcotics and human trafficking networks by terror operators, India and Thailand have started talks on exchanging prisoners that are of mutual interest.

2.

India assures Sri Lanka of support for reconciliation (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India has expressed support for Sri Lanka on its reconciliation and development policies. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj (who was in Colombo on a two-day visit) conveyed this to President Sirisena.

3.

As blockade ends, Nepal announces Olis visit (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     Within hours of the end of commercial blockade in Birgunj, the biggest trading post on the Indo-Nepal border, Nepal declared that Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli would visit India on February 19.

4.

Tragedy could trigger demilitarization (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     The latest tragedy in Siachen could be an excuse for an all-out effort by both India and Pak to demilitarise the inhospitable glacier where India and Pakistan have sacrificed hundreds of soldiers over the last 3 decades.

5.

Dont politicise TPP, China tells US (Page 14)

a)     International

a) China has warned the US not to politicise international trade following comments by President Obama as the Trans-Pacific Partnership (a US-led free trade deal in the Asia-Pacific that excludes Beijing) was signed.

6.

Kabul-Taliban talks by month-end (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Representatives from four countries involved in precursor road map negotiations said in a joint statement that direct peace talks between Kabul and the Taliban are expected to take place by the end of the month.

7.

Chinas central bank to fine tune policy, keep yuan stable: fourth-quarter monetary report (Page 15)

a)     International

b)     Economy

a)     Chinas central bank said in its fourth-quarter monetary policy report that China will fine tune monetary policy and keep the yuan basically stable while guarding against systemic financial risks.

8.

Jaitley asks States to raise infra outlay (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley urged the States to boost spending on infrastructure creation and anti-poverty programmes by leveraging the increased devolution from the implementation of the 14th Finance Commissions recommendations.

9.

India has a pivotal maritime role: Pranab (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     The International Fleet Review on the vast expanse of Bay of Bengal off Visakhapanam on Feb 6 provided a big opportunity to the Indian Navy to showcase its might.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

            

India, Thailand in talks for exchange of prisoners (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Thailand relations

b)     Bilateral Extradition Treaty 2013

c)     Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty 2004

a)    Worried over the possible proxy use of narcotics and human trafficking networks by terror operators, India and Thailand have started talks on exchanging prisoners that are of mutual interest.

b)     A round of discussion was held in Bangkok during the latest visit to Thailand by Vice President Hamid Ansari.

c)     Prisoners exchange is one of the steps being planned in bilateral legal collaboration following two major extraditions from Thailand since January 2015.

d)    The latest plan to fast track prisoners exchange is based on the bilateral extradition treaty 2013 and the Mutual Legal Assistance Treaty 2004, which provide the legal basis for negotiation to both sides.

2.

India assures Sri Lanka of support for reconciliation (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     Sri Lankas reconciliation and development policies

c)     Fishermen issue

a)     India has expressed support for Sri Lanka on its reconciliation and development policies. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj (who was in Colombo on a two-day visit) conveyed this to President Sirisena.

b)     She also expressed Indias appreciation of Sirisenas address to Parliament last month when a resolution on constitutional reforms was introduced.

c)   Officials raised the problem being faced by fishermen of the Northern Province due to bottom trawling, allegedly by fishermen of Tamil Nadu, and wanted the Indian govt to reduce this method of fishing.

d)     President Sirisena sought Indias assistance for his govts comprehensive programme to improve the health and education of people living in estates who were essentially of recent Indian origin, to which Swaraj favourably responded.

3.

As blockade ends, Nepal announces Olis visit (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Nepal relations

b)     India-Nepal economic blockade

c)     Nepals new Constitution

d)     Madhesis concerns

 

a)     Within hours of the end of commercial blockade in Birgunj, the biggest trading post on the Indo-Nepal border, Nepal declared that Prime Minister K.P. Sharma Oli would visit India on Feb 19.

b)     Olis planned visit to Delhi has been a contentious issue in Nepal, especially since India had been accused of supporting the blockade in Birgunj and the rest of the border.

4.

Tragedy could trigger demilitarization (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Siachen conflict

c)     Simla Agreement

d)     Line of Control (LoC)

a)     The latest tragedy in Siachen could be an excuse for an all-out effort by both India and Pakistan to demilitarise the inhospitable glacier where India and Pakistan have sacrificed hundreds of soldiers over the last three decades.

b)     In June 1989, both sides announced that there was agreement by both sides to work towards a comprehensive settlement, based on redeployment of forces to reduce the chance of conflict, avoidance of the use of force and the determination of future positions on the ground so as to conform with Simla Agreement and to ensure durable peace in the Siachen area.

c)     Endorsed by PMs Benazir Bhutto and Rajiv Gandhi in Islamabad, the declaration has been the basic spirit of bilateral approach towards the Siachen conflict. But no government has shown the political courage to clinch the deal.

d)     In 1992, the two sides held discussions that narrowed down differences. Since then, India has had an almost consistent set of proposals. The contours of the Indian proposal include delineation of the LoC north of NJ 9842, redeployment of troops on both sides to agreed positions after demarcating their existing positions, a zone of disengagement and a monitoring mechanism to maintain the peace.

e)     Over the years, Pakistan has suggested that troops on both sides should withdraw to a point south of NJ 9842, to the pre-1972 Simla Agreement positions. However, it has been reluctant to authenticate ground positions.

f)     Many reports have suggested that in 1992 the two sides had agreed on the Indian points but a final agreement was not signed.

5.

Dont politicise TPP, China tells US (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP)

b)     US Pivot to Asia

c)     South China Sea dispute

 

a)     Chinas Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang urged relevant countries and govts not to politicise economic and trade issues, and avoid leading people to the conclusion that the US has been promoting TPP out of certain political consideration.

b)     He was responding to remarks by President Obama on Feb 4 as the TPP was signed by 12 countries in Auckland that TPP allows America (and not countries like China) to write the rules of the road in the 21st century.

c)     US Trade Representative Michael Froman said the deal could add $100 billion a year to US growth. However, critics say that the pact would export US jobs to other member states. The TPP is also being strongly criticised for threatening to extend restrictive US intellectual property laws globally.

d)     The US-led initiative is a key part of Obamas so-called pivot to Asia - widely seen by Beijing as President Obamas double-edged doctrine of Chinas military and economic containment.

6.

Kabul-Taliban talks by month-end (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Afghan government and Taliban peace talks

b)     Taliban

 

a)     Representatives from four countries involved in precursor road map negotiations said in a joint statement that direct peace talks between Kabul and the Taliban are expected to take place by the end of the month.

b)    The statement by delegates from Afghanistan, Pakistan, China and the US came after a third round of talks between the four powers and is the strongest indication yet the Taliban are willing to return to negotiations 6 months after an earlier round of direct dialogue failed.

7.

Chinas central bank to fine tune policy, keep yuan stable: fourth-quarter monetary report (Page 15)

a)     International

b)     Economy

a)     Chinas economic growth

b)     Yuans stability

c)     Currency devaluation

d)     Peoples Bank of China (PBOC)

 

a)  Chinas central bank (PBOC) said in its fourth-quarter monetary policy report that China will fine tune monetary policy and keep the yuan basically stable while guarding against systemic financial risks.

b)     It said that China will also maintain an appropriate level of liquidity and achieve reasonable growth of money and credit.

c)     The report comes after China reported economic growth of 6.9 percent for 2015, its weakest in 25 years, while depreciation pressure on the yuan adds to the case for the central bank to take more economic stimulus measures over the near-term.

d)     It also said it would seek to explore mechanisms to enhance management of interest rates, while increasing the flexibility in both directions of the yuan exchange rate.

8.

Jaitley asks States to raise infra outlay (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     14th Finance Commission

b)     Central Sales tax

c)     GST Council

d)     Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan

a)     Union Finance Minister Jaitley (who is under pressure to raise public investments to spur the economy) urged the States to boost spending on infrastructure creation and anti-poverty programmes by leveraging increased devolution from the implementation of the 14th Finance Commissions recommendations.

b)   In turn, the State Finance ministers asked the Centre to release the compensation for phasing out the central sales tax. They said the govt should reappraise its role in funding social sector schemes such as the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan.

c)     The Centre had reduced its contribution to such schemes after the 14th Finance Commissions recommendations were implemented, placing a greater burden on the States.

d)     Among the other recommendations made by the States was that the Centre account for one-fourth of the GST Council and the States three-fourths, against the current composition of one-third of the Centre and two-thirds of the States.

9.

India has a pivotal maritime role: Pranab (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     International Fleet Review

b)     Indian Navy

a)     The International Fleet Review on the vast expanse of the Bay of Bengal off Visakhapanam on Feb 6 provided a big opportunity to the Indian Navy to showcase its might.

b)     Calling upon navies to re-focus their efforts on countering the rising tide of non-traditional maritime challenges in view of the global nature of political and economic environment, President Pranab Mukherjee said the country had established a credible record of cooperative initiatives to promote stability of the oceans by realigning its maritime strategy.

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