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Daily News Analysis 09-02-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

            

Mumbai attackers made two earlier attempts: Headley (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     In an important turn in the 2008 Mumbai attacks trial, Lashkar operative David Headley named Jamaat-ud-Dawa chief and 26/11 mastermind Hafiz Saeed as the head of the Lashkar-e-Taiba.

2.

Why Siachen must be demilitarised (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     The February 3 avalanche on the Siachen glacier that buried 10 Indian Army soldiers is a stark reminder to both India and Pakistan about the cost of military deployment in such inhospitable territory.

3.

Many pacts await Abu Dhabi Princes visit (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India and the UAE are set to strengthen cyber security mechanism to track radicalisation of youth in South Asia and West Asian region.

4.

Beijing, Moscow slam US missile plans (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     China and Russia have slammed the possible deployment of an American anti-missile defence shield in South Korea following North Koreas satellite launch.

5.

Madhesis end Nepal blockade (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Days before the visit to India by Nepals PM K.P. Sharma Oli, the United Madhesi Democratic Front declared an end to the five-month-old blockade which was started as a protest against the new Constitution of Nepal promulgated on September 20 2015.

6.

Pakistan seeks to protect Chinas Gwadar investment (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     A heavy police presence, guarded convoys, new checkpoints and troop reinforcements have turned parts of the southern port city of Gwadar into a fortress, as Pakistans powerful military seeks to protect billions of dollars of Chinese investment.

7.

Could Suu Kyi be the next President? (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Official said the names of Myanmars next President and two Vice-Presidents will be revealed on March 17, setting a clear timeline for the transition of power from a military-controlled government to democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyis party.

8.

TRAI backs Net Neutrality, rules against differential rates (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India barred telecom service providers from charging differential rates for data services, effectively prohibiting Facebooks Free Basics and Airtel Zero platform in their current form.

9.

Govt forecasts full-year growth at 7.6 percent even as pace slows in Q3 (P15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     The Central Statistics Office reported that the economic growth slowed in the third quarter to 7.3 percent from a revised 7.7 percent. The GDP is now estimated to accelerate to a five-year high of 7.6 percent for the 12-month period ending March 31.

10.

Spacecraft Aditya gets ready to gaze at the sun (Page9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Aditya-L1 (the Indian sun mission due after 3 years) may turn out to be a unique formation of not one but two spacecraft looking at the sun from 2 stable orbital points.

11.

Luminous creatures discovered in Red Sea (Page 20)

a)     Geography

a)    An international team of biologists has discovered a new species of luminous fauna in the Red Sea.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

            

Mumbai attackers made two earlier attempts: Headley (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Terrorism

c)     Mumbai terror attacks 2008

d)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

e)     Jamaat-ud-Dawa (LuD)

 

a)     In an important turn in the 2008 Mumbai attacks trial, Lashkar operative David Headley named JuD chief and 26/11 mastermind Hafiz Saeed as the head of the LeT.

b)     During his deposition on Feb 8 before a special court via videoconferencing from the US, he identified Pakistani Army officers associated with the ISI.

c)     Lashkar handlers Saeed and Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi had also been named by Ajmal Kasab (the Pakistani gunman who was executed for his role in 26/11) in his confession statement in 2008. However, he retracted his confession in court.

d)     Notably, Headley named Major Ali and Major Iqbal of the ISI and Lashkar commander Sajid Mir as his contacts in Pakistan.

e)     Headley said he had joined the LeT in 2002 for a course in Muzaffarabad in Pakistan, the outfits headquarters.

f)     He described Lashkar as a militant organisation in Pakistan whose goal is to fight the Indian Army and assist the people of Kashmir.

g)     David Headley may have appeared before a Mumbai court via video conference to be cross-examined in the 2008 Mumbai attacks, but for many observers it is yet another episode in a scripted drama that is meshed with the larger strategic realities of south Asia and US interests in the region.

2.

Why Siachen must be demilitarised (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Siachen conflict

c)     Simla Agreement

d)     Line of Control (LoC)

e)     Climate change

f)     Global warming

 

a)     The February 3 avalanche on the Siachen glacier that buried 10 Indian Army soldiers is a stark reminder to both India and Pakistan about the cost of military deployment in such inhospitable territory. This was not an isolated incident but part of a growing trend in that region, as global warming dramatically affects the glacier.

b)     According to reliable estimates, over 2000 soldiers from both sides have died on the Siachen glacier since 1984, when India beat Pakistan by a few days to occupy many of the strategic locations on glacier.

c)  Ever since the two militaries began a costly engagement on the glacier, there have been numerous efforts by both countries to find a way to demilitarise the glacier. In June 1989, they came very close to clinching a final deal.

d)   The two sides had agreed to work towards a comprehensive settlement, based on redeployment of forces to reduce the chance of conflict, avoidance of the use of force and the determination of future positions on the ground so as to conform with the Shimla Agreement and to ensure durable peace in Siachen area.

e)     India has in past suggested delineation of the LoC north of NJ 9842, redeployment of troops on both sides to agreed positions after demarcating their existing positions, a zone of disengagement, and a monitoring mechanism to maintain the peace.

f)     Given PM Modis personal initiative to visit Lahore on Christmas day and to push forward peace with Pakistan, it would only be the next logical step to look at the low-hanging fruits in bilateral issues to build trust. The demilitarisation of Siachen is definitely doable.

3.

Many pacts await Abu Dhabi Princes visit (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – UAE relations

b)     Cyber security

c)     Islamic State (IS)

 

a)     India and the UAE are set to strengthen cyber security mechanism to track radicalisation of youth in South Asia and West Asian region. Over last several months, India-UAE cooperation has prevented several radicalised youths from joining the ranks of the IS.

b)     Both sides are expected to sign a number of agreements on cyber security and law enforcement during the Feb 10-12 visit by Abu Dhabis Crown Prince Sheikh Mohammed Bin Zayed Al Nahyan.

c)     UAEs ambassador to India Ahmad Al Banna said the MoUs on cyber crime prevention, cooperation in security operations and exchange of critical information will be signed to start a new generation of strategic cooperation between India and the UAE during the visit.

d)   He pointed out that security collaboration has become the centrepiece of India-UAE cooperation, especially since PM Modi visited Dubai in August 2015.

e)    Cyber security experts have pointed out that the cooperation between the UAE and India on cyber security has helped in tracking radicalisation in India as well as inside Pakistan.

f)     The visit by the Crown Prince is also expected to lead to the signing of an MoU on nuclear cooperation between India and the UAE.

4.

Beijing, Moscow slam US missile plans (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     North Koreas nuclear arsenal

b)     Terminal High Altitude Area Defense (THAAD) system

a)     China and Russia have slammed the possible deployment of an American anti-missile defence shield in South Korea following North Koreas satellite launch.

b)     Chinas Foreign Ministry spokesperson Hua Chunying stressed that China is deeply concerned about the decision by US and the Republic of Korea to start official negotiations on the deployment of the THAAD system. The THAAD system comprises advanced US anti-missile defence batteries.

c)     She stressed that the deployment of these weapons would escalate tensions on the Korean peninsula. In turn, this would undermine regional peace and stability, and set back efforts to address the current situation.

5.

Madhesis end Nepal blockade (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Nepal crisis

b)     Nepals new Constitution

c)     Madhesis concerns

d)     United Madhesi Democratic Front (UMDF)

 

a)     Days before the visit to India by Nepals PM K.P. Sharma Oli, the UMDF declared an end to the five-month-old blockade which was started as a protest against the new Constitution of Nepal promulgated on Sept 20 2015.

b)     Sources have indicated that intense parleys between Indian and Nepali interlocutors have convinced the Madhesi rebels to stop the blockade which has created a major domestic disturbance in Nepal and hurt India-Nepal ties.

c)     However, the Madhesis have threatened to re-launch the blockade in case the key demand for creating two States for Madhesi region is not met by the Kathmandu leadership.

d)     The govt of Oli has promised to implement a series of amendments in the Nepali Constitution to increase Madhesi representation in the govt, politics and society.

e)     Normal trade has resumed over the last few days through Birgunj trade post which is the largest trading post on India-Nepal border.

6.

Pakistan seeks to protect Chinas Gwadar investment (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Pakistan – China relations

b)     China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC)

c)     Gwadar port

a)     A heavy police presence, guarded convoys, new checkpoints and troop reinforcements have turned parts of the southern port city of Gwadar (the southern hub of the CPEC) into a fortress, as Pakistans powerful military seeks to protect billions of dollars of Chinese investment.

b)     Securing the planned $46 billion economic corridor of roads, railways and pipelines from northwest China to Pakistans Arabian Sea coast is a huge challenge in a country where Islamist militants and separatist gunmen are a constant menace.

c)     Gwadar skirts the tribal belt along the Afghan-Pakistan border where Islamist militant groups have long been based, and takes in Peshawar, scene of some of the worst insurgent atrocities of recent years.

7.

Could Suu Kyi be the next President? (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Myanmars politics

b)     Myanmars Constitution

c)     Article 59(f) of the Constitution

a)     Official said the names of Myanmars next President and two Vice-Presidents will be revealed on March 17, setting a clear timeline for the transition of power from a military-controlled govt to democracy icon Aung San Suu Kyis party.

b)     Sources said the positive results could come out on the negotiation for the suspension of Constitutions Article 59 (f).

c)     The provision which says anyone with a foreign spouse of children cannot hold the executive office, bars Suu Kyi from becoming President.

d)     Once the three names are put before the 664-member Parliament, all members will take a vote. The person with the largest number of votes will become President, and the other 2 will be Vice-Presidents. The current Presidents term ends March 31 and the successor must take office April 1.

8.

TRAI backs Net Neutrality, rules against differential rates (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

a)     Net Neutrality

b)     Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)

 

a)     The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India barred telecom service providers from charging differential rates for data services, effectively prohibiting Facebooks Free Basics and Airtel Zero platform in their current form.

9.

Govt forecasts full-year growth at 7.6 percent even as pace slows in Q3 (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Central Statistics Office (CSO)

a)     The CSO reported that the economic growth slowed in the third quarter to 7.3 percent from a revised 7.7 percent. The GDP is now estimated to accelerate to a five-year high of 7.6 percent for the 12-month period ending March 31.

b)    The higher growth in FY16 will be possible thanks to robust output in services sector and a revival in industrial production, though concerns remain on the agriculture front. The 7.6 percent growth projection for this fiscal will be the fastest pace since 8.9 percent recorded in FY11.

c)     The 7.3 percent growth in Q3 will also make India the fastest growing economy in the world, faster than China which witnessed a 6.8 percent growth in the same period.

d)     However, the govt claims the new methodology of GDP calculation is an improvement over previous one as it better collates the value addition that happens in the entire supply chain of goods and services.

10.

Spacecraft Aditya gets ready to gaze at the sun (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Aditya-L1 spacecraft

b)     Chandrayaan-1

c)     Mars Orbiter Mission

d)     ISRO

e)     ADCOS

a)     Aditya-L1 (the Indian sun mission due after 3 years) may turn out to be a unique formation of not one but two spacecraft looking at the sun from 2 stable orbital points.

b)     Aditya is the nations third big extra-terrestrial outing after moon and Mars, all conceived and designed by ADCOS, the multi-faculty body of the ISRO.

c)     ISRO has started activities to send a 400-kg spacecraft to look at the sun from a special stable orbital slot called L1 around 2019-20. Lagrangian point 1 (L1) is about 1.5 million km from Earth towards the sun.

d) There are 4 more Lagrangian points 1.2 to 1.5 for sun and Earth where space objects can resist the pulls of both the celestial bodies and stay relatively stable in that orbit.

e)     ADCOS has designed the 2008 Chandrayaan-1; its future sequel; the 2013 Mars Orbiter Mission and is weighing the pros of either a second Mars mission or a Venus trip – the last of which is attracting other space agencies as potential partners.

11.

Luminous creatures discovered in Red Sea (Page 20)

a)     Geography

a)     Coral reefs

b)     Hydrae

c)     Sea hydroids

d)     Red Sea

a)    An international team of biologists has discovered a new species of luminous fauna in the Red Sea. The research also showed that the localisation of glow in certain parts of the body can help to distinguish different species of organisms that have identical structure.

b)     During the investigations of the biodiversity of coral reefs of the archipelago Farasan (Saudi Arabia, south of the Red Sea), biologists found what they have termed fluorescent lanterns that were very similar to hydrae.

c)     But unlike their distant relatives who lead a solitary life in fresh water, the new species from the Red Sea form spreading colonies, decorating miniature shells of a sea snail with garlands of green lights. Sea hydroids (unlike hydrae) are often found in colonies and can branch off tiny jellyfish.

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