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Daily News Analysis 10-02-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

            

Not paid by ISI or LeT, says Headley (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     The Pakistani-American terrorist David Headley told the special court that he was not given any money either by Pakistans Inter-Services Intelligence or by the terrorist outfit Lashkar-e-Taiba.

2.

Should India get involved in Sri Lankas reform process? (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     External Affairs Minister Sushma Swarajs visit to Sri Lanka last week has brought to the fore the question of whether and to what extent India should be involved in the neighbouring countrys ongoing constitutional reform process.

3.

UN commissioner calls for return of land, de-militarisation in Sri Lanka (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Raad Al Hussein urged the Sri Lankan military to accelerate the return of land to rightful owners and reduce its size in the Northern and Eastern provinces.

4.

Obama launches cyber-security action plan (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     President Barack Obama unveiled a new cyber-security national action plan calling for an overhaul of aging government networks and a high-level commission to boost security awareness.

5.

Maintain Constitutions sanctity: President (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Inaugurating a two-day conference of Governors at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, President Pranab Mukherjee said those holding constitutional posts should maintain the sanctity of the Constitution.

6.

The SC must end partisan federalism (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The court can limit political partisanship in federal relations by decisively applying neutral constitutional rules in two pending cases pertaining to the removal of Governors.

7.

Adhering to basics and freedom (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     The Telecom Regulatory Authority of India has to be commended for batting unambiguously for net neutrality, the principle of non-discrimination that is vital for the Internet to remain an open platform.

8.

Ancient water supply system in Karnataka being mapped (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     The innovative concept of underground water supply built centuries ago in Vijayapura city during the Adil Shahi regime is now being mapped with a view to restoring this ancient system.

                                                                                 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

            

Not paid by ISI or LeT, says Headley (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Terrorism

c)     Mumbai terror attacks 2008

d)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

e)     Jamaat-ud-Dawa (JuD)

f)    Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

g)     Harkat-ul-Mujahideen (HuM)

h)     Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI)

 

a)     The Pakistani-American terrorist David Headley told the special court that he was not given any money either by Pakistans ISI or by the terrorist outfit LeT.

b)     Headley (currently lodged in a US prison) has been deposing as an approver through a video link in the Nov 2008 terror attacks case.

c)     He told the court that he completed five or six leadership courses offered by the LeT, at which JuD chief and Mumbai attacks mastermind Hafiz Saeed and Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi were also present.

d)     Headley said he had met his handlers again in Nov 2007 to plan the Mumbai attack after going through the information he had gathered in the city.

e)     He said the LeT and the ISI worked closely with each other and gave military, financial and moral support to the JeM and the HuM. He met Maulana Mazoor Azhar (head of the JeM) at a gathering in Oct 2003 organised by the LeT where he was the guest speaker.

f)     The US is ready to assist India in pursuing every possible lead to bring the perpetrators of the 2008 Mumbai terror attack to justice.

2.

Should India get involved in Sri Lankas reform process? (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     Sri Lankas Constitutional reform process

c)     13th Amendment

d)     India – Sri Lanka Accord 1987

a)     External Affairs Minister Sushma Swarajs visit to Sri Lanka last week has brought to the fore the question of whether and to what extent India should be involved in the neighbouring countrys ongoing constitutional reform process.

b)     Ever since India and Sri Lanka signed the 1987 Accord, New Delhi has been stating that the 13th Amendment (an outcome of the Accord) should be implemented fully. The Amendment (despite weaknesses) paved the way for the establishment of Provincial Councils all over the country.

c)     Political economist based in Jaffna argues that India should not confine itself to a full implementation of the 13th Amendment but should do everything needed to help Sri Lanka draft a new Constitution. Being one of the major players involved in Sri Lanka for many decades, Indias support would send a strong signal about the significance it attaches to the process.

3.

UN commissioner calls for return of land, de-militarisation in Sri Lanka (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas human rights issue

b)     UNHRC

 

a)     The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Raad Al Hussein urged the Sri Lankan military to accelerate the return of land to rightful owners and reduce its size in the Northern and Eastern provinces.

b)     He told that while some land has been returned in the Jaffna and Trincomalee areas, there are still large tracts which can and should be swiftly given back. According to Sri Lankan govt, about 3000 acres have been returned since Jan 2015 and 2329 families resettled. He added that the size of military in the two Provinces could be reduced to a level that is less intrusive and intimidating.

c)   On Sri Lanka co-sponsoring a resolution adopted by the UNHRC in Geneva in October last year, he said it showed the countrys commitment to both itself and the world to confront the past honestly and, by doing that, take out comprehensive insurance against any future devastating outbreak of inter-communal tensions and conflict.

4.

Obama launches cyber-security action plan (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     USs new cyber-security national action plan

a)     President Barack Obama unveiled a new cyber-security national action plan calling for an overhaul of aging government networks and a high-level commission to boost security awareness.

b)     The announcement responds to an epidemic of data breaches and cyber attacks on both government and private networks in recent years, and passage last year of a cyber-security bill that aims to facilitate better threat sharing.

c)    Obama issued an executive order creating a 12-member cyber-security commission to make recommendations to both the public and private sectors.

5.

Maintain Constitutions sanctity: President (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     President Rule

b)     Arunachal Pradesh political crisis

c)     Governor

d)     Supreme Court

 

a)     Inaugurating a two-day conference of Governors at the Rashtrapati Bhavan, President Pranab Mukherjee said those holding constitutional posts should maintain the sanctity of the Constitution.

b)     This advice to the Governors comes at a time when many have questioned the role of Arunachal Pradesh Governor J.P. Rajkhowa in the developments resulting in the imposition of Central rule on the State. The matter is also pending in the Supreme Court.

c)     The Supreme Court observed that a Chief Ministers exclusive powers cannot be pre-empted by the Governor, who should use his powers in a fair and limited manner for the sake of survival of democracy.

d)    The remarks came during a daylong hearing on Arunachal Pradesh political crisis before a Constitution Bench led by Justice J.S. Khehar, which is also looking into whether there was any relevant material to justify the subsequent imposition of emergency in the State by the President.

6.

The SC must end partisan federalism (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Partisan Federalism

b)     Cooperative Federalism

c)     President Rule

d)     Article 356 of the Constitution

e)     Arunachal Pradesh political crisis

f)     Governor

g)     Article 174 of the Constitution

h)     Supreme Court

i)     High Court

a)   According to the author, the NDA came to power in 2014 with a slim popular mandate that produced a parliamentary majority. Its manifesto posited that power is currently concentrated in Delhi and the State capitals. We believe this power should be genuinely decentralised.

b)     BJP has stood for greater decentralisation through devolving of powers to the States. This decentralisation push has been enthusiastically portrayed as a commitment to cooperative federalism by the government, its media champions and opinion-makers.

c)     The claim that this govt practises a new cooperative federalism runs up against mounting evidence of the persistence of an older, more venal political strain in Centre-State relations: partisan federalism.

d)     Political parties mobilise their power in the Central govt to disable and decapitate State govts of opposition parties. Can new cooperative federalism exist even if this older partisan federalism persists?

e)     Unless the Supreme Court completes its unfinished agenda of limiting the scope for partisan federalism through the strong enforcement of neutral constitutional rules on the appointment of Governors and the exercise of their powers, there is little possibility that cooperative federalism can define Centre-State relations in India.

f)     The Supreme Court is currently adjudicating the constitutional validity of the imposition of Presidents rule in the State of Arunachal Pradesh on Republic Day 2016. The conspicuous lack of urgency in this case emboldened the Centre and catalysed further Governor removals.

g)    On June 1 2015, Rajkhowa was sworn in as 19th Governor of Arunachal Pradesh, replacing Lt. Gen. Nirbhay Sharma (retd.). No reasons were cited for Sharmas removal, though reports suggested that the Centre perceived him to be partisan towards the Congress govt. Since his appointment, Rajkhowas actions as the Governor confirm that such appointments are primarily to satisfy partisan interests.

h)   On Dec 9, 2015, he decided to not only advance a session of Legislative Assembly against the advice of the Council of Ministers in Arunachal Pradesh but also set its agenda: discuss the removal of the Speaker of the House.

i)     Article 174 of the Constitution provides that the Governor may summon the House of the Legislature of the State to meet at such time and place as he thinks fit. However, this power is to be exercised on the advice of the Council of Ministers, unless it is the first time that the Assembly is convened after an election and no government is in place.

j)     Despite the High Courts admonition, Rajkhowa dispatched a report under Article 356 of the Constitution recommending Presidents rule. The Governors decision to advance the Assembly session precipitated a court order that constrains liberty of the House to conduct its proceedings.

k)     The court has clarified that the breakdown of law and order must not be surmised from stray occurrences in and around the Assembly but be manifest in the inability of the government to maintain civil order, peace and security.

l)    Unless the Governors report includes hitherto undisclosed materials and evidence that satisfy any of these neutral rules of constitutional law, it would seem that Rajkhowas assessment of a breakdown of constitutional machinery in the State is not legally tenable.

m)     In the complex field of Centre-State relations, the Supreme Court has developed neutral constitutional rules that have progressively limited the scope for political partisanship in federal relations.

n)     If the court decisively applies these neutral rules in the pending decision on the appointment of Governors in Qureshi and the proclamation of Presidents rule in Arunachal Pradesh, it will significantly advance its unfinished agenda of limiting partisan federalism. Only when partisan federalism is canned and put away can cooperative federalism truly emerge.

7.

Adhering to basics and freedom (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Net Neutrality

b)     Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)

a)   TRAI has to be commended for batting unambiguously for net neutrality, the principle of non-discrimination that is vital for the Internet to remain an open platform. Its decision was made clear when it prohibited telecom providers from charging differential rates for data services.

b)     The regulators stance is commendable for two other reasons as well. One, it had to face enormous pressures to tinker with the way the Internet is governed. And, two, net neutrality (with its numerous interpretations) is a complex concept.

c)     The latest ruling could no doubt set the tone for regulators across the globe, especially those of countries that have socio-economic features akin to Indias. More important, it would ensure that generations of Indians are not forced to be satisfied with services that pretend to be the Internet itself, robbing them of the real benefits of the medium.

d)     The public debate on net neutrality began during late 2014 when Indias top telecom carrier Bharti Airtel decided to charge users extra for the use of applications with which they can make free calls over the Internet.

e)   But the most prominent and persistent among the companies has to be Facebook, which spent a lot of time in pitching its Free Basics initiative as an altruistic effort that would help millions of Indias Internet have-nots.

f)     The point about providing at least some access to millions of new users for free, who otherwise cannot afford it, must have been difficult for TRAI to ignore. And that is why it is important to recognise that a no to Free Basics does not imply a failure on the part of TRAI to recognise the importance of catering to Internet have-nots.

g)     The ruling also suggests that while TRAI recognises the need for India to bridge the digital divide, it realises that compromising the basic ideals of the Internet is not the way to do it.

8.

Ancient water supply system in Karnataka being mapped (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Ancient water supply system

b)      Karez

c)     Gunjs

d)     Bawadis

e)     Indian Heritage Cities Network (IHCN)

 

a)     The innovative concept of underground water supply built centuries ago in Vijayapura city during the Adil Shahi regime is now being mapped with a view to restoring this ancient system.

b)     The dynasty that ruled between 1490 and 1686 constructed the complex and extensive subterranean tunnels to supply water to this ancient city.

c)     The tunnels (which pass through most part of old city of Vijayapura) are now being mapped by IHCN, an agency hired by district administration.

d)     All major water sources of Adil Shahi era includes Karez (meaning underground water supply system in Persian), Gunjs (overhead stone tanks), and Bawadis (open wells) of the city.

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