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Daily News Analysis 17-02-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

            

US seeks Congressional nod for financing F-16 sale to Pakistan (Page16)

a)     International

a)     After notifying Congress of its intention to sell eight F-16 fighter planes to Pakistan, the Obama administration has quickly moved for Congressional approval for financing the deal under the countrys Foreign Military Financing scheme.

2.

Iran in the Belt and Road loop as first train from China arrives (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     The first train from Chinas trading hub of Yiwu has arrived in Tehran on Feb 15, signalling Irans firm integration in the Beijing led-Belt and Road connectivity initiative along the New Silk Road.

3.

SC declines to intervene in Arunachal political impasse (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Supreme Court declined to intervene in the Arunachal Pradesh political controversy while the Centre indicated that it was in favour of withdrawing Presidents Rule in the State to make way for a new govt with dissident Congress leader Kalikho Pul as Chief Minister.

4.

The curious case of Justice Karnan (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     In the chronicles of aberrant behaviour by judges, Justice C.S. Karnan of the Madras High Court would occupy one of the most prominent spots.

5.

Tamil Nadu to take part in Make in India week (Page 15)

a)     National

a)     A delegation from Tamil Nadu will participate in the Make in India week in Mumbai and the State would be projecting its skills in the manufacturing and electronics sector.

6.

Making cities clean and sustainable (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     The quest for clean cities has only grown more complicated, as steady urbanisation is putting pressure on a poorly prepared municipal administration system, and the more affluent consumers produce ever-higher volumes of trash.

7.

Can India beat this slowdown? (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     As the world teeters on the edge of another recession, India can insulate itself best by ramping up public investment to unleash domestic demand.

8.

Captive flight trials of anti-radiation missile soon (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Captive flight trials of an advanced, state-of-the-art Anti-Radiation Missile are planned for April-May this year, and the maiden flight test by year-end by the missile technologists of the DRDO.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

            

US seeks Congressional nod for financing F-16 sale to Pakistan (Page16)

a)     International

a)     US – Pakistan relations

b)     F-16 fighter plane

 

a)     After notifying Congress of its intention to sell eight F-16 fighter planes to Pakistan, the Obama administration has quickly moved for Congressional approval for financing the deal under the countrys Foreign Military Financing scheme.

b)     US administration proposes to pay the bulk of the $699 million cost of the deal while Pakistan is required to pay $200 million.

c)     Meanwhile, an official of the US State Department reiterated its commitment to sell F-16s to Pakistan. He said we support the proposed sale of eight F-16s to Pakistan to assist Pakistans counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations. Pakistans current F-16s have proven critical to the success of these operations to date.

d)     He said these operations reduce the ability of militants to use Pakistani territory as a safe haven for terrorism and a base of support for insurgency in Afghanistan. These operations are in the national interests of Pakistan, the US, NATO, and in the interest of the region more broadly.

2.

Iran in the Belt and Road loop as first train from China arrives (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Chinas Belt and Road imitative

b)     Silk Road Economic Belt

a)     The first train from Chinas trading hub of Yiwu has arrived in Tehran on Feb 15, signalling Irans firm integration in the Beijing led-Belt and Road connectivity initiative along the New Silk Road.

b)     Analysts point out that by joining China on the railway map, Iran was establishing solid structural linkages with Eurasia along the Silk Road Economic Belt.

c)     Iran is currently in desperate need of investment for infrastructure construction. However, as oil prices are low now, Irans revenue in this sector has seen sharp decrease. At the same time, China is promoting the belt and road initiative. Iran is expected to become one of the major participants of that initiative.

d)     In China, there is anticipation that with the recent lifting of sanctions, Irans energy infrastructure (including its trans-border pipeline network) will grow - a move that is likely to further deepen Tehrans strategic linkages with Eurasia.

3.

SC declines to intervene in Arunachal political impasse (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Arunachal Pradesh political crisis

b)     Presidents Rule

c)     Governor

d)     Supreme Court

 

a)  The Supreme Court declined to intervene in the Arunachal Pradesh political controversy while the Centre indicated that it was in favour of withdrawing Presidents Rule in the State to make way for a new govt with dissident Congress leader Kalikho Pul as Chief Minister.

b)     The Centre said that a constitutional vacuum and a state of dormancy cannot prevail in Arunachal Pradesh because the Supreme Court is testing the legality of the emergency declared on Jan 26.

c)     Attorney-General Mukul Rohatgi assured the five-judge Bench led by Justice J.S. Khehar that even if a new govt is formed, the Supreme Court could later on annul everything if it struck down the proclamation of emergency as unconstitutional.

4.

The curious case of Justice Karnan (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Judicial hierarchy

b)     Chief Justice of India (CJI)

c)     Supreme Court

d)     High Court

a)   In the chronicles of aberrant behaviour by judges, Justice C.S. Karnan of the Madras High Court would occupy one of the most prominent spots.

b)     The judge now appears to have crossed all bounds, and his understanding of the law is such that he takes up the case of his own transfer to the Calcutta High Court and stays the recommendation of the CJI.

c)     This is just the latest instance of his ways that have included, even as a sitting judge, his going into the court when a Division Bench was hearing a petition on the selection of judges and seeking to file an affidavit opposing the list of appointees recommended by the Chief Justice.

d)     The Madras High Court registry had to file a petition in the Supreme Court of India after he had passed a suo motu order staying recommendation of the CJI transferring him and get his order stayed.

e)  That he has frequently raised the issue of his caste status in justification of his conduct, has only served to trivialise the issue of caste discrimination and the genuine difficulties that Dalits face.

f)     It is inconceivable that so long a rope would have been given to any judge in a well-ordered democracy functioning under the rule of law. It was almost two years ago that the Supreme Court condemned Justice Karnans conduct in seeking to argue in another court as uncharitable and ungenerous, and indecorous.

5.

Tamil Nadu to take part in Make in India week (Page 15)

a)     National

a)     Make in India initiative

 

 

a)     A delegation from Tamil Nadu will participate in Make in India week in Mumbai and the State would be projecting its skills in the manufacturing and electronics sector.

b)     Tamil Nadu is the third largest manufacturer of electronic hardware in India and the State accounts for 18 percent of the nations electronic output. In automobile sector, the State is largest contributor in terms of industrial output and has about 20 percent of Indias total installed capacity of vehicle production. It aims to reach 5 million units production by 2020.

c)   Make in India initiative was launched in Sept 2014, as part of the Govt of Indias renewed focus on invigorating the countrys manufacturing sector. Since its launch, the Govt of India has taken several reform initiatives to create an enabling environment that has provided a push to manufacturing, design, innovation.

6.

Making cities clean and sustainable (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Swachh Bharat Mission

b)     Solid waste management system

c)     Sanitation programme 

a)     A century ago, Mahatma Gandhi lamented that the Indian city was mostly a stinking den, and Indians as a people were not used to city life.

b)     The squalid urban landscapes of the 21st century (with mountains of garbage merely relocated to the suburbs to maintain clean cities) would seem to prove that not much has changed since then.

c)     The quest for clean cities has only grown more complicated, as steady urbanisation is putting pressure on a poorly prepared municipal administration system, and the more affluent consumers produce ever-higher volumes of trash.

d)     The neglect of social housing, sanitation and water supply has ensured that there is nothing like a truly clean, green and sustainable city.

e)     It would not be fair to dismiss the efforts of cities such as Mysuru, Chandigarh and Tiruchirapalli, which have scored the top three ranks in the competition organised by the Swachh Bharat Mission of the Ministry of Urban Development to choose the cleanest cities for 2015.

f)     Beyond the cosmetic solution of removing waste to landfills or releasing untreated sewage into hidden waterways, the challenge is staggering - even with the 1.04 crore  household toilets and five lakh community and public toilets to be built, the sewage treatment capacity in cities would have to be expanded by 63 percent.

g)     The Centres decision to ask fertilizer companies to sell municipal compost is among the more promising initiatives to stem the rising pile of trash.

h)    The imagery of the Swachh Bharat Mission (which currently dwells on citizen behaviour and the visual appeal of clean cities) needs to extend to waste reduction and recycling. Achieving sustainable clean cities will ultimately depend on attention devoted to human development and environmental governance.

7.

Can India beat this slowdown? (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Global economic situation

b)     Global financial crisis 2008

c)     Indias economic growth

d)     GDP

a)     According to the author, the world economy is so hard to predict. In 2008, as the global financial markets plunged into a crisis, high oil prices were considered to be one of factors that caused it. Today, many fear that the world economy is on the edge of another recession.

b)     The price of crude oil remained mostly above $100 per barrel for almost three years from 2011 onwards, but declined sharply during the second half of 2014, settling at around $50 per barrel for a good part of 2015. Stock market prices collapsed in many parts of the world in January this year when oil prices fell to even greater depths, touching below $30.

c)     One of the reasons for declining oil prices is the advance made over the last few years with respect to oil production, especially in US. The recent lifting of sanctions against Iran has eased the supply situation even further.

d)     But the falling oil prices are also a reflection of the stagnation in worldwide demand, and this is what has made stock markets panicky.

e)     Chinas economy is projected to grow at 6.3 percent in 2016, its slowest growth in 25 years. A slowing China has far less appetite for oil and other commodities. This has adversely affected a number of emerging economies, which are suppliers of commodities or are closely linked to the Chinese production networks.

f)     Russia and Brazil (both major commodity-exporters) registered negative rates of growth of GDP in 2015.

g)     According to the IMF, Indias projected growth for 2015-16 (at 7.3 percent) makes it the fastest-growing large economy in the world. India is a large importer of oil, and therefore falling oil prices have been beneficial to its economic growth.

h)     Indias oil imports as a proportion of its GDP have come down from around 9 per cent during 2011-14 to less than 5 percent now. With the fall in oil prices, inflation based on the WPI has been in the negative territory in the country since November 2014.

i)     The growth of aggregate demand in an economy is derived from four sources: private consumption, private investment, government expenditure and net exports. The boom years of the Indian economy were between 2003-04 and 2010-11, when its GDP grew at an average annual rate of over 8 percent.

j)     Private investment and exports were important drivers of growth during the first part of this high-growth phase, which lasted until 2007-08. However, Indias domestic private investors have got cold feet since 2011-12. The reasons for this include the sagging demand conditions at home and abroad.

k)     Private consumption expenditure accounts for largest share of aggregate demand in India. But it cannot be an independent driver of growth for the economy. Further, consumer demand in India is not mass-based and therefore not beneficial for industries that want to gain from economies of scale.

l)     The advantages offered by low oil prices by reducing inflation and external payments create an opportune environment for India to increase public investment in the country. In fact, the Finance Ministrys Mid-Year Review released in Dec 2015 stresses on the need to raise public expenditures in India in the current context.

m)     The world economy is likely to see more turbulent days ahead. If foreign investors and foreign markets are going to be staggered in these uncertain times, India will have little to gain by going after them. Instead, the countrys policymakers should turn their attention inward, devising strategies to unleash domestic markets and entrepreneurship in this large and diverse nation.

8.

Captive flight trials of anti-radiation missile soon (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Anti-Radiation Missile (ARM)

b)     Long Range Surface-to-Air Missile (LR-SAM)

c)     Sukhoi (Su-30)

d)     Tejas-Light Combat Aircraft

e)     DRDO

f)     Defence Research and Development Laboratory (DRDL)

a)     Captive flight trials of an advanced, state-of-the-art Anti-Radiation Missile are planned for April-May this year, and the maiden flight test by year-end by the missile technologists of the DRDO.

b)     The air-to-surface tactical missile being developed by DRDL will target the enemys air defence capabilities by attacking radars and communication facilities.

c)     The range of the missile is 100 to 125 km and it will be mounted on combat aircraft Sukhoi (Su-30) and Tejas-Light Combat Aircraft.

d)     The missile picks up the radiation or signals of radars and communication facilities and homes on to the targets to destroy them.

e)   Instead of thrust propulsion, the missile uses dual pulse propulsion system as in the case of LR-SAM. The dual pulse propulsion will widen the envelope as well as engagement capability of the missile.

f)     Meanwhile, the induction of LR-SAM (jointly developed by India and Israel) will begin Sept-Oct this year. It was successfully test-fired from INS Kolkata to intercept an aerial target last year and the missile is slated to be launched from warships (INS Kochi and INS Chennai) for similar trials later this year.

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