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Daily News Analysis 25-02-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

            

Foreign Secretaries to meet first in Kathmandu rather than Islamabad (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     Official sources suggested that the Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan may meet for the first time after the Pathankot attack in Kathmandu, instead of Islamabad.

2.

Restoring goodwill with Kathmandu (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Nepal Prime Minister KP Olis just-concluded six-day visit to India has come at an important juncture. The visit came after months of turmoil in the Madhes, or plains, region of Nepal following protests demanding a more federal framework in the new Constitution.

3.

India approves $150 million Iran port plan (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India approved a $150 million project to develop the strategic Iranian port of Chabahar, which includes a transit route to Afghanistan bypassing neighbouring Pakistan.

4.

A partnership to Mars and beyond (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)    The momentum generated out of Barack Obamas official state visit to India last year (particularly in US-India cooperation in space) is growing.

5.

Beijing deploys fighter jets in South China Sea (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US officials said that China has deployed fighter jets to the same contested island in the South China Sea to which it also has sent surface-to-air missiles.

6.

Bolivias Morales loses 4th term referendum (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Bolivian voters have informed President Evo Morales that they want his current term to be his last, narrowly rejecting a constitutional amendment that would have let him run again in 2019.

7.

Leaders must pay for damage: SC (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     The Supreme Court said that agitations cannot hold the nation to ransom and be a reason to vandalise public property. Organisers of such agitations will have to pay the cost.

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

            

Foreign Secretaries to meet first in Kathmandu rather than Islamabad (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Foreign Secretary-level talks

c)     Terrorism

d)     Pathankot terror attack

e)     Special Investigation Team (SIT)

f)     SAARC summit

 

a)     Official sources suggested that the Foreign Secretaries of India and Pakistan may meet for the first time after the Pathankot attack in Kathmandu, instead of Islamabad.

b)     A senior official told that the Foreign Secretary was expected to attend the SAARC standing committee meeting, while External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj would attend the SAARC Council of Ministers meeting on March 17, where she is expected to meet Pakistan Foreign Affairs Adviser Sartaj Aziz.

c)     There is little clarity on when Pakistans special investigation team will visit Delhi for its probe into the Pathankot airbase attack.

2.

Restoring goodwill with Kathmandu (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Nepal relations

b)     Nepals economic blockade

c)     Nepals new Constitution

d)     Madhesis concerns

a)     Nepal PM KP Olis just-concluded six-day visit to India has come at an important juncture. The visit came after months of turmoil in Madhes, or plains, region of Nepal following protests demanding a more federal framework in the new Constitution.

b)    India had tacitly backed the agitations, which resulted in a virtual blockade and a shortage of essential supplies in Nepal. After a prolonged period of vacillation, Oli committed to amendments in the Constitution that would satisfy some of the demands made by the Madhesis. This yielded an easing of the blockade after the protestors called off their stir.

c)     The net result of the Indian hand in the unrest, and of New Delhis perceived partisanship, had been a resurgence of jingoism in Kathmandu. It was also damaging for India, as the stand-off drained the goodwill gained from its commitment to supporting Nepals reconstruction after the devastating earthquake in 2015.

d)     Nepal has to maintain cordial relations with India; its economic dependence is well understood and was reinforced during the economic blockade. India too needs a friendly Nepal, whose geopolitical importance due to the open border between the two countries cannot be overstated.

e)     It is also in Indias interest that there be political stability in Nepal, to prevent the spillover effect any turmoil can have for the bordering States of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh and to secure the republican consensus needed to pull millions of Nepalis out of poverty.

f)   To that extent, PM Olis visit has helped reset some priorities. The emphasis by both sides was on taking forward the reconstruction assistance that India has promised. A MoU in this regard was signed. Other MoUs covered economic aid for road projects, enhancing power transmission, and easing travel and transit of goods.

g)     As regards the question of the Constitution, the Indian govt had not budged much from its earlier position on the need for a consensus through dialogue with the dissenting Madhesis to take their concerns on federalism on board.

h)     But PM Modi did acknowledge that the conclusion of the Constitution-writing process is an important achievement. The onus is now on Oli, his Cabinet and his party, the CPN (UML).

3.

India approves $150 million Iran port plan (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Iran relations

b)     Chabahar port

 

a)     India approved a $150 million project to develop the strategic Iranian port of Chabahar, which includes a transit route to Afghanistan bypassing neighbouring Pakistan.

b)     New Delhi signed a multi-million-dollar memorandum of understanding with Tehran last May to develop the port on its southeastern coast, but the deal had been stuck since.

c)     The approval came at a cabinet meeting chaired by PM Modi. It said the project would provide opportunities to Indian companies to penetrate and enhance its footprint in the region.

4.

A partnership to Mars and beyond (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     India-US cooperation in space

c)     Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)

d)     Mars Atmosphere and Volatile EvolutioN spacecraft (MAVEN)

e)     NASA-ISRO Synthetic Aperture Radar (NISAR)

f)     ISRO

g)     NASA

h)     Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO)

a)     Just about a year ago, during an official state visit to India, US President Obama declared that the relationship between India and the US can be one of the defining partnerships of this century.

b)     PM Modi and President Obama used the occasion of the state visit to issue a joint statement in which, among other things, they agreed to further promote cooperative and commercial relations between India and the US in the field of space.

c)     The momentum that generated out of this official state visit (particularly in US-India cooperation in space) is growing today. The potential flowing from our partnerships extends all the way to Mars (and beyond).

d)     The US is leading a journey to Mars that will send astronauts to the Red Planet in the 2030s. Today, both our great nations are working together to lay the groundwork.

e)     ISROs MOM and NASAs MAVEN spacecraft have been together in Mars orbit since they arrived at the Red Planet within two days of one another in Sept 2014. Our joint Mars Working Group has been very active. The working group is considering ways in which we can cooperate on MOM and MAVEN and other missions in the future.

f)     Closer to home, NASA and the ISRO are collaborating on our first-ever joint earth science satellite mission.

g)     The NISAR will acquire critical, first-ever, all-weather, high-resolution radar measurements for use in a wide range of applications such as global food security, freshwater availability, human health, disaster prediction and hazard response, climate monitoring and adaptation, and urban management and planning.

h)   The list of other cooperative activities underway today is long. It includes exchange visits of US and Indian researchers and even a joint airborne campaign that involves the flight of an advanced NASA visible/infrared imaging spectrometer instrument on an ISRO aircraft over sites in India. That mission is producing vast amounts of precise data.

i)     US-India civil space cooperation dates back to 1963 with the launch of NASAs Nike-Apache sounding rocket from Indian soil. Its our sincere hope that the future will bring new avenues of cooperation in earth and space science, deep space communications, and perhaps research aboard the International Space Station.

j)     Its very exciting that just days ago PM Modi announced that India will build a LIGO facility, and together we will explore gravitational waves, the most exciting discovery in fundamental physics in this new millennium. Albert Einsteins dreams are becoming reality. US and Indian scientists are a part of that reality and are showing that together we can tackle difficult and important scientific questions.

5.

Beijing deploys fighter jets in South China Sea (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     South China Sea dispute

b)     Woody Island

c)     Parcel Islands

 

a)    US officials said that China has deployed fighter jets to the same contested island in South China Sea to which it also has sent surface-to-air missiles.

b)     US intelligence services had spotted Chinese Shenyang J-11 and Xian JH-7 warplanes on Woody Island in the disputed Parcel Islands chain over the past few days.

c)     Woody Island (which is also claimed by Taiwan and Vietnam) has had an operational airfield since 1990s but it was upgraded last year.

6.

Bolivias Morales loses 4th term referendum (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Bolivian elections

a)     Bolivian voters have informed President Evo Morales that they want his current term to be his last, narrowly rejecting a constitutional amendment that would have let him run again in 2019.

b)     It was the native Aymaras first direct electoral defeat in a decade in power. He had previously prevailed in nationwide elections, including a 2009 constitutional rewrite, with an average 61.5 percent of the vote.

7.

Leaders must pay for damage: SC (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Jats

b)     Patidars

c)    National Commission for Backward Classes

d)     Other Backward Classes (OBCs)    

a)     The Supreme Court said that agitations cannot hold the nation to ransom and be a reason to vandalise public property. Organisers of such agitations will have to pay the cost.

b)   The courts resolve hit home after the widespread Jat quota agitation saw killings, burning and looting of shops, and mobs destroying canals supplying water to the National Capital.

c)     The Bench was hearing a plea by quota agitation leader Hardik Patel to quash charges of sedition against him. Gujarat had also witnessed violence and public property loss during the Patidhar agitation.

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