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Daily News Analysis 12-03-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Modi will visit Israel this year: diplomat (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     A diplomat from the West Asian country has said that Prime Minister Narendra Modi will travel to Israel this year which will be followed by a visit to India by either Israeli Prime Minister or President.

2.

India, Mexico look to boost trade ties (Page 17)

a)     I.R

a)     India and Mexico are examining various measures including easing visa norms as well as establishing a mechanism for carrying out direct trade in precious metals to boost trade and investment ties.

3.

Chinese patrols enter Indian territory (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     Personnel of the Peoples Liberation Army of China transgressed into the Indian territory in Ladakh (Jammu and Kashmir) twice in the past four days.

4.

We advise US govt, not India, says USCIRF (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     The US Commission on International Religious Freedom will recommend to the administration that its relations with India must take into account the worrisome situation with regard to religious freedom in India.

5.

Suu Kyis aide confirmed as President nominee (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     A trusted aide of Myanmars Aung San Suu Kyi was a step closer to becoming countrys first civilian leader in generations after sailing through a parliamentary vote on March 11, while the still-powerful military put forward a hard-line retired general as its Vice-President nominee.

6.

Colombo should move faster on reconciliation (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     According to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the next couple of months are going to be important for Sri Lanka as the govt embarks on national consultations for the design of a comprehensive transitional justice process to implement fully the resolution of the UNHRC adopted in October on accountability and reconciliation.

7.

US Senate allows F-16 jet sale to Pakistan, but with riders (Page 16)

a)     International

a)    An attempt by Republican Senator Rand Paul to stall the US move to sell eight F-16s to Pakistan hit a procedural roadblock in the Senate, but lawmakers expressed strong disapproval of the deal.

8.

Russia, China urge N. Korea to return to talks (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Russia and China told North Korea that its nuclear ambitions were unacceptable, urging Pyongyang to resume talks over its nuclear weapons programme and heed a UNSC resolution banning ballistic missile tests.

9.

Obama hits out at Cameron, Sarkozy over Libya (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     In a rare public rebuke of two of USs closest allies, President Obama has hit out at British PM David Cameron and former French leader Nicolas Sarkozy over their roles in Libya after the fall of the Qadhafi regime.

10.

Lok Sabha clears Aadhaar Bill (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Lok Sabha cleared the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill 2016 as a money Bill despite protests by the Opposition over its classification.

11.

Heeding the spirit of the amendment (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     For the second year in a row, an Opposition-sponsored amendment to the Motion of Thanks on the Presidents Address has been adopted by the Rajya Sabha.

12.

Crisil sees GDP growing at 7.9 percent in 2016-17 (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)    Domestic rating agency Crisil said the countrys GDP can grow by 7.9 percent next fiscal if the monsoon is normal and government implements the reform measures announced so far. 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Modi will visit Israel this year: diplomat (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Israel relations

 

a)     A diplomat from the West Asian country has said that PM Modi will travel to Israel this year which will be followed by a visit to India by either Israeli Prime Minister or President.

b)     He said stronger bilateral cooperation was possible in several areas such as agriculture, water technology and counter-terrorism.

c)     In October, President Pranab visited Israel, Jordan and Palestine. No Indian PM has visited Israel. The only Israeli PM who came to India was Ariel Sharon, in 2003.

2.

India, Mexico look to boost trade ties (Page 17)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Mexico relations

b)     Trade ties

c)     Bilateral High Level Group (HLG) on Trade, Investment and Economic Cooperation

a)     India and Mexico are examining various measures including easing visa norms as well as establishing a mechanism for carrying out direct trade in precious metals to boost trade and investment ties.

b)     A Bilateral HLG on Trade, Investment and Economic Cooperation between the two countries will also take steps to increase collaboration between companies in sectors such as renewable energy, hydrocarbons pharmaceuticals, automobile and auto-components, information technology, tourism and entertainment.

c)     The HLG (which was set up in 2007) had last met in 2012.

d)     Official said if both the countries do not expedite liberalisation of visa norms, it would hamper the movement of people and in turn, affect trade, investment and tourism.

e)     She also stressed on the need for a mechanism to help direct trade in precious metals and in other minerals which India needs and which Mexico wants to sell.

f)     According to the CII, Mexican investments in India were to the tune of $800 million while Indian investments in that country were around $2 billion.

3.

Chinese patrols enter Indian territory (Page 15)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Line of Actual Control (LAC)

d)     Indo-Tibetan Border Police (ITBP)

e)     Peoples Liberation Army (PLA) of China

f)     Pangong lake

 

a)     Personnel of the Peoples Liberation Army of China transgressed into the Indian territory in Ladakh (Jammu and Kashmir) twice in the past four days. An official in the security establishment said that with the new border defence mechanism in place, the issue was resolved in no time along the LAC.

b)    While the first incident was reported on March 8, there was a face-off between the ITBP and Chinese PLA on March 11.

c)     On March 8, Chinese troops entered almost 6 km deep inside the Indian territory near the Pangong lake in Ladakh. The incident led to a stand-off between security personnel of the two sides.

4.

We advise US govt, not India, says USCIRF (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF)

a)     The US Commission on International Religious Freedom will recommend to the administration that its relations with India must take into account the worrisome situation with regard to religious freedom in India.

b)  The Commission was denied visas by the Indian government.

5.

Suu Kyis aide confirmed as President nominee (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Myanmars internal issues

b)     National League for Democracy

 

 

a)     A trusted aide of Myanmars Aung San Suu Kyi was a step closer to becoming the countrys first civilian leader in generations after sailing through a parliamentary vote on March 11, while the still-powerful military put forward a hard-line retired general as its Vice-President nominee.

b)     Htin Kyaw (a respected writer who helps run Suu Kyis charitable foundation) was seen as top choice to act as a proxy for the democracy veteran who is barred from the office by a junta-scripted charter.

c)     His parliamentary confirmation comes as the military put forward their own candidate, Yangon Chief Minister Myint Swe, a retired army general seen as an ally of former strongman Than Shwe.

d)     The decision is likely to prove controversial in a country still burdened by the legacy of nearly 50 years of rule by the military, which retains significant influence including a quarter of the Parliaments seats.

6.

Colombo should move faster on reconciliation (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     Reconciliation process

c)     Constitution reform process

d)     UNHRC

a)     According to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, the next couple of months are going to be important for Sri Lanka as the govt embarks on national consultations for the design of a comprehensive transitional justice process to implement fully the resolution of the UNHRC adopted in October on accountability and reconciliation.

b)  The UN High Commissioner will present an oral update to the HRC at the 32nd session in June and a comprehensive report in March 2017.

c)     In Sri Lanka, powerful symbolic gestures of reconciliation had been made (like allowing the singing of national anthem in Tamil) although other steps, such as the release of land held by the military, reviewing the cases of security detainees, and resolving the issue of disappearances, need to move forward faster.

d)     He also mentioned that important steps had been taken to reform the Constitution, revive independent institutions, and restore an environment for free expression and debate.

7.

US Senate allows F-16 jet sale to Pakistan, but with riders (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     US – Pakistan relations

b)     F-16 jet fighters

 

a)    An attempt by Republican Senator Rand Paul to stall the US move to sell eight F-16s to Pakistan hit a procedural roadblock in the Senate, but lawmakers expressed strong disapproval of the deal. The State Department had last month approved the sale to Pak.

b)     Pauls move to disrupt the deal found support from 24 Senators in a rare development. The Congress has never overturned administrations decisions on foreign military sales. In this case, even those who supported the deal pledged to oppose its funding through US assistance.

c)     Sources told that the real obstacle to the $699-million deal is the lawmakers objection to US financing it through an assistance programme. Senate Foreign Relations Chairman Bob Corker said he was allowing the deal to proceed, but would block the move to finance it with US aid.

8.

Russia, China urge N. Korea to return to talks (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     North Koreas nuclear arsenal

b)     UNSC

 

a)   Russia and China told North Korea that its nuclear ambitions were unacceptable, urging Pyongyang to resume talks over its nuclear weapons programme and heed a UNSC resolution banning ballistic missile tests.

b)     Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov and Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi stepped up pressure on Pyongyang after holding talks in Moscow a day after North Korea defied the UN by firing two short-range ballistic missiles into the sea.

c)     Commenting on the Norths growing nuclear ambitions, Wang said the latest UN resolution banning its nuclear tests must be implemented point by point.

d)     He also said putting an American missile system in South Korea would inflict direct harm to the strategic security interests of China and Russia.

9.

Obama hits out at Cameron, Sarkozy over Libya (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Libya crisis

b)     Islamic State

c)     NATO

a)     In a rare public rebuke of two of USs closest allies, President Obama has hit out at British PM David Cameron and former French leader Nicolas Sarkozy over their roles in Libya after the fall of the Qadhafi regime.

b)     Obama said that Cameron became distracted and Sarkozy wanted to promote his country during the 2011 NATO-led military intervention in Libya.

c)     Obama discussed the conditions surrounding the British and French-led bombing campaign that led to the fall of Muammar Qadhafis regime.

d)     Since Qadhafis downfall, Libya has descended into near-anarchy, ruled by rival militias vying for power while the Islamic State group has gained influence in the country.

e)     Sources said that Britain puts strong emphasis on its diplomatic special relationship with the US and Cameron was hoping for Obamas support for his pro-EU stance ahead of a membership referendum on June 23.

10.

Lok Sabha clears Aadhaar Bill (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill 2016

b)     Unique Identification Authority of India

c)     Consolidated Fund of India

a)     The Lok Sabha cleared the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and Other Subsidies, Benefits and Services) Bill 2016 as a money Bill despite protests by the Opposition over its classification, in what Finance Minister Jaitley termed the culmination of seven years of discussion over the Bill.

b)     He said the govt would save crores of rupees by routing government subsidies through the unique identification or Aadhaar system now that it had statutory backing.

c)     He said the Bill will empower the States to distribute resources to deserving people and save the resources that undeserving people get.

d) He also justified the measure as a money Bill saying any measure which led to money going into the Consolidated Fund of India and coming out of it qualified for this.

11.

Heeding the spirit of the amendment (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Motion of Thanks

b)     Lok Sabha

c)     Rajya Sabha

d)     Parliament

a)     For the second year in a row, an Opposition-sponsored amendment to the Motion of Thanks on the Presidents Address has been adopted by the Rajya Sabha.

b)     Last year, the Motion of Thanks was amended on the issue of black money; this week, the amendment focussed on legislation passed by BJP govts in Rajasthan and Haryana limiting the rights of citizens to contest panchayat elections.

c)     Before 2015, there were just three occasions on which the Presidents Address was amended in the Rajya Sabha, once each during the tenures of Indira Gandhi, V.P. Singh and Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

d)     The Presidents Address sets out a governments policies and programmes, and is first approved by the Union Cabinet.

e)     The first instance of such an amendment to the Motion of Thanks came in 1980 on the issue of engineering defections. The second was in 1989, when six amendments (including on the Ram Janmabhoomi-Babri Masjid dispute and the India-Sri Lanka accord) were approved.

f)     The third occasion was in 2001, when the House adopted an amendment on the sale of a public sector undertaking (Balco) to a private company. These were all politically contentious issues. So was the issue on which the Opposition parties mobilised themselves this year, and it raises vital questions for democracy.

g)     Imposing curbs on who may contest panchayat elections based on requirements of educational qualifications and having toilets in homes effectively cuts the underprivileged out of the fray.

h)     The BJP could plead helplessness over its lack of numbers in the Rajya Sabha, and instead cite the passage in the House of the Real Estate Bill this week as proof that it is getting on with its legislative workload.

12.

Crisil sees GDP growing at 7.9 percent in 2016-17 (Page 17)

a)     Economy

a)     Indias economic growth

b)     GDP

c)     Fiscal deficit

d)     Inflation

e)     Crisil

 

a)     Domestic rating agency Crisil said the countrys GDP can grow by 7.9 percent next fiscal if the monsoon is normal and govt implements the reform measures announced so far.

b)     The growth forecast has been arrived assuming a faster growth in agriculture. The country has faced weather shocks for three consecutive years, including two years of deficient rains in 2014 and 2015, and a normal monsoon season this year can lead to a 4 percent growth in agriculture on lower base effect.

c)    Expert said implementation of reforms should help the economy achieve higher growth and termed 2016-17 as the year of reckoning which has the potential to illustrate the path which the economy can take.

d)     He said oil and commodity prices are expected to remain soft, which will ensure that crucial macroeconomic indicators such as fiscal deficit and inflation are as per expectations. He also said the pick-up in private investment cycle should begin from the second half of next fiscal year. 

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