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Daily News Analysis 14-03-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Officers rue timid strategy on China (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)    India will be making only incremental improvement to its military infrastructure along the border with China, even as its most ambitious plan for dealing with the neighbours military prowess is stuck because of a resource crunch.

2.

India-Bangladesh drill in Sundarbans (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     In an attempt to bring in more synergy in coordinated border management, border-guarding forces of Bangladesh and India conducted their first-ever joint exercise in the riverine borders of the Sundarbans.

3.

Indian pluralism an inspiration (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     As he argued for greater dialogue between India and Arab world, the Grand Mufti of Syria (Ahmed Badreddin Hassoun) said Indias pluralist society is an inspiration for conflict-prone countries of the West Asian region.

4.

Syrian regime trying to spoil peace talks (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     The US and France said that comments by Syrian govt officials ahead of a new round of peace talks were a provocation and Russia and Iran would need to show the Syrian govt was living up to what had been agreed.

5.

Govt hopes to pass Bankruptcy, GST Bills (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said that the NDA govt hopes to press the accelerator on reforms and pass the landmark Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill for a national GST and a separate Bill for Bankruptcy and Insolvency Code 2015, in the second half of the Budget session beginning April 20.

6.

House panel on Land Bill to meet today (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     To discuss the controversial Land Acquisition Bill of 2015, a Parliamentary panel will meet on March 14th as the government is hopeful that a consensus will emerge on all issues related to the Bill.

7.

Protecting the homebuyer (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Rajya Sabha has passed the much anticipated Real Estate Bill, overcoming the sharp political rivalries that have stalled a lot of legislative activity in the House.

8.

Criminalise marital rape: UNDP chief (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Just days after Minister for Women and Child Welfare Maneka Gandhi submitted in Parliament that the govt would not criminalise marital rape, a top UN official said that the issue is one of consent, not culture, suggesting that India would be violating the SDGs it has adopted if it did not amend the law accordingly.

9.

Growth rate of pulses production encouraging (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     In an encouraging sign of rise in pulses production, the country has seen a gradual rise in the growth rate of pulses output at 2.61 percent during the last four decades, which has surpassed the growth rate of rice, wheat and all cereals together.

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Officers rue timid strategy on China (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Border disputes

c)     Line of Actual Control (LAC)

d)     Line of Control (LoC)

e)     Arunachal Pradesh issue

a)    India will be making only incremental improvement to its military infrastructure along the border with China, even as its most ambitious plan for dealing with the neighbours military prowess is stuck because of a resource crunch.

b)     Military officers describe the China strategy as timid and no match to the aggressive modernisation of border capabilities and overhaul of military structure by the neighbour.

c)  The Indian Air Force (which re-launched two upgraded advanced landing grounds in Arunachal Pradesh on March 12) will upgrade six more of those World War II vintage strips in the border State.

d)     The entire project (approved in 2009 and budgeted at about Rs. 1000 crore) has been inching ahead to provide better logistical access for airdropping troops and equipment in forward areas.

e)     After frequent incursions in Ladakh area, Chinese Peoples Liberation Army troops have been spotted at forward posts along the Line of Control on the Pakistani side of Kashmir, ringing alarm bells in the security grid.

2.

India-Bangladesh drill in Sundarbans (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Bangladesh relations

b)     Sundarbans

c)     Ichamati river

d)     Border Security Force (BSF)

e)     Border Guard Bangladesh (BGB)

a)     In an attempt to bring in more synergy in coordinated border management, border-guarding forces of Bangladesh and India conducted their first-ever joint exercise in the riverine borders of Sundarbans.

b)     The exercise between the BSF and the BGB commenced with troopers from both forces carrying out joint searches of cargo vessels on Ichamati river.

c)  Two floating border outposts of BSF (Kamakhya and Durga) along with BGB Ship Shahjalal were deployed in the waters of the Ichamati along the international border that serves as the international border between the two countries.

3.

Indian pluralism an inspiration (Page 13)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Arab world

b)     West Asia crisis

c)     Syria crisis

d)     ISIS

 

a)     As he argued for greater dialogue between India and the Arab world, the Grand Mufti of Syria (Ahmed Badreddin Hassoun) said Indias pluralist society is an inspiration for conflict-prone countries of the West Asian region.

b)     The Grand Mufti marked the beginning of his historic first visit to India, during which he will deliver a series of public speeches asking for a cessation of hostilities in Syria.

c)     The historic first visit by the Syrian Grand Mufti to India is significant, as the Arab world is passing through the most difficult phase in its recent history.

d)     The Grand Mufti (known for his proximity to the troubled government of Syria led by President Bashar Al Assad) has consistently opposed violent elements like the ISIS and been campaigning for a solution to the ongoing conflicts in West Asian.

4.

Syrian regime trying to spoil peace talks (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Syrian peace talks

b)     Syria crisis

a)     The US and France said that comments by Syrian govt officials ahead of a new round of peace talks were a provocation and Russia and Iran would need to show the Syrian govt was living up to what had been agreed.

b)     The Syrian government had said that it would not discuss presidential elections at peace talks in Geneva this week or hold talks with any party wishing to discuss the question of the presidency.. 

5.

Govt hopes to pass Bankruptcy, GST Bills (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Goods and Services Tax (GST) Bill

b)     Bankruptcy and Insolvency Code 2015

c)     Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies and Services) Bill 2016

d)     Lok Sabha

e)     Rajya Sabha

f)     Parliament

g)     Constitutional amendment Bill

 

a)     Union Finance Minister Jaitley said that the NDA govt hopes to press the accelerator on reforms and pass the landmark Constitution (122nd Amendment) Bill for a national GST and a separate Bill for Bankruptcy and Insolvency Code 2015, in the second half of the Budget session beginning April 20.

b)     Referring to the Aadhaar (Targeted Delivery of Financial and other Subsidies and Services) Bill 2016, he said the current session of Parliament has already seen the passage of one landmark legislation two days ago.

c)     The legislation meant to provide statutory backing to the unique identification number was passed last week.

d)     He said the passage of the GST and the bankruptcy and insolvency laws would give a major fillip to Indias reforms process.

e)     The GST Bill was passed by the Lok Sabha but is stuck in the Upper House, where the ruling NDA does not have a majority and is dependent on the support of the Congress for its passage.

f)  The Constitution amendment Bill needs two-third majority or 162 votes in the 242-member Rajya Sabha. The Congress (the original author of the GST reform) has refused to support the Constitution amendment Bill in its present form.

6.

House panel on Land Bill to meet today (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Second Amendment) Bill 2015

b)     Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency

a)     To discuss the controversial Land Acquisition Bill of 2015, a Parliamentary panel will meet on March 14th as the government is hopeful that a consensus will emerge on all issues related to the Bill.

b)     The Joint Committee on the Right to Fair Compensation and Transparency in Land Acquisition, Rehabilitation and Resettlement (Second Amendment) Bill 2015, will take a view on the remaining clauses of the Bill. The committee has already been given at least five extensions.

c)     The panel on December 16 decided to seek a fresh extension of its term till the beginning of the Budget session as only a few States had by then tendered their response to various clauses of the bill.

7.

Protecting the homebuyer (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Real Estate Bill  

b)     Lok Sabha

c)      Rajya Sabha

d)      Parliament

a)     The Rajya Sabha has passed the much anticipated Real Estate Bill, overcoming the sharp political rivalries that have stalled a lot of legislative activity in the House.

b)     Once enacted, it would finally give homebuyers enough confidence to be less inhibited by the buyer beware caution in a sector largely known for honouring the terms of deals mostly in the breach. An industry estimate suggests that about 10 lakh buyers invest every year in a house.

c)     According to Minister of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation Venkaiah Naidu, a total of 76,044 companies are involved in real estate sector. It is estimated to contribute about 9 percent of GDP.

d)     Beyond just being a disciplinary legislation that regulates the haphazard functioning and the presence of unscrupulous operators in the real-estate business, the Bill will also bring in a sense of comfort and feeling of security to homebuyers.

e) It is hoped that the legislation will improve the trust quotient, which has been identified as a key factor hurting the credibility of the sector that serves the role of a multiplier in a growing economy.

f)     It is important to note that the Central legislation has to be implemented by the States. The responsibility of providing the enabling ecosystem rests with them. The proof of the pudding will lie in the manner the States implement the legislation.

8.

Criminalise marital rape: UNDP chief (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)      Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)

b)     United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)

c)     UN Secretary-General (UNSG)

d)     Section 375 of the IPC

 

 

a)     Just days after Minister for Women and Child Welfare Maneka Gandhi submitted in Parliament that the govt would not criminalise marital rape, UNDP chief Helen Clark said that the issue is one of consent, not culture, suggesting that India would be violating the SDGs it has adopted if it did not amend the law accordingly.

b)     Clark made a significant pitch for all countries that had not made domestic abuse and marital rape criminal offences to do so at the earliest. Because when it is domestic violence, the police and everyone else take it as no business of theirs. An assault on women at home is never something within the family. It is a crime. It has to be recognised and dealt with.

c)     Her words are particularly significant not just because the UNDP is monitoring the implementation of the SDGs by 2030, but because Clark is widely considered to be preparing to run for UNSG later this year.

d)     On March 10, Menaka Gandhi had submitted the govts position in Parliament, saying that the concept of marital rape (as understood internationally) cannot be applied in the Indian context due to level of education/illiteracy, poverty,  customs and values, religious beliefs, mindset of society to treat the marriage as a sacrament, etc.

e)   She had essentially repeated the govts stand from April 2015, when it had said that there was no proposal to amend Section 375 of the IPC which makes an exception to sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife so long as the wife is above 15 years of age.

f)     At the time, the Minister of State for Women and Child Development had admitted that the amendment had been refused by the government in a reply to the UN Committee on Elimination of Discrimination against Women.

g)     Since then, the govt has agreed (along with about 150 world leaders) to adopt the 17 Goals for 2030 set out by the UNDP.

9.

Growth rate of pulses production encouraging (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Production of pulses in India

 

 

a)     In an encouraging sign of rise in pulses production, the country has seen a gradual rise in the growth rate of pulses output at 2.61 percent during the last four decades, which has surpassed the growth rate of rice, wheat and all cereals together.

b)     Agriculture Ministry data shows that during the last four decades (1970-2010) the production of pulses in the country has witnessed a gradual upward trend and notably, it has more or less remained nearly 18 million tonnes since 2010. Earlier the production hovered around 14-15 million tonnes.

c)     In 2013-14, the production touched an all time high of 19.78 million tonnes.  However, due to inclement weather in the current season, the pulses production in 2015-16 is likely to stay at 17.30 million tonnes.

d)     Figures suggest the growth rate in pulses production during this decade has been at 2.61 percent, which has been higher than that of rice that stands at 1.59 percent, wheat at 1.89 percent and all cereals together at 1.88 percent.

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