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Daily News Analysis 08-04-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Pak envoy accuses India of suspending dialogue (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     I.R

a)     At a press conference that could derail the already faltering peace process between India and Pakistan, High Commissioner Abdul Basit accused India of suspending Foreign Secretary-level talks and hinted that the NIA team due to visit Pakistan had not received clearance from Islamabad yet.

2.

A jolt to Modis bold initiative to reach out to Pak (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     Pakistani High Commissioner Abdul Basits announcement that the peace process with India had been suspended could well torpedo the bold initiative taken by PM Modi to build bridges with Islamabad in Dec 2015.

3.

Lessons from the Chinese veto (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     The Centres protests over Chinas move to block Indias attempt at the United Nations to ban Jaish-e-Mohammed chief Masood Azhar is understandable.

4.

World military spending up in 2015, India in sixth position (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     As per the latest report from the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, India is the sixth largest military spender in 2015 having spent $51.3 billion even as the world spent $1676 billion reversing a global trend which was on the decline since 2011.

5.

Colombo tries to strike a balance between India, China (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     A year ago, Sri Lankas PM Ranil Wickremesinghe said that Sri Lanka is neither pro-India nor pro-China. His comments came at a time there were concerns in India about Chinas rising involvement in Sri Lanka.

6.

Hafiz Saeeds JuD running Sharia court (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Jamaat-ud-Dawa (a religious group headed by Mumbai attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed) has set up a Sharia court to hand out easy and swift justice, the first such parallel judicial system in Pakistans Punjab Province.

7.

Congress moves Supreme Court against Aadhaar Bill (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Senior Congress leader Jairam Ramesh said he had challenged the Aadhaar Bill in the Supreme Court, seeking to block its implementation unless it was cleared by the Rajya Sabha.

 

 

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Pak envoy accuses India of suspending dialogue (Pages 1 and 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Terrorism

c)     Pathankot terror attack

d)     Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

e)     Joint Investigation Team (JIT)

f)    National Investigation Agency (NIA)

 

a)     At a press conference that could derail the already faltering peace process between India and Pakistan, High Commissioner Abdul Basit accused India of suspending Foreign Secretary-level talks and hinted that the NIA team due to visit Pakistan had not received clearance from Islamabad yet.

b)     A senior govt official said the information received from anonymous individuals in Pakistan was crucial in identifying 4 Pakistan terrorists who stormed the airbase.

c)     Official also said Pakistan had agreed ahead of the JITs visit to India that it would not get access to any of the defence personnel involved in the operation at the Pathankot airbase attack.

d)     The JIT visited the crime scene and also recorded the statements of some witnesses. However, the witnesses belonging to the Indian security forces were not produced before it.

2.

A jolt to Modis bold initiative to reach out to Pak (Page 14)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Pakistan relations

b)     Foreign Secretary-level talks

c)     NSA talks

d)     Terrorism

e)     Pathankot terror attack

f)     Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

g)     Joint Investigation Team (JIT)

h)    National Investigation Agency (NIA)

 

a)     Pakistani High Commissioner Abdul Basits announcement that the peace process with India had been suspended could well torpedo the bold initiative taken by PM Modi to build bridges with Islamabad in Dec 2015.

b)     By paying an unscheduled visit to Lahore, Modi had reached out to his Pakistani counterpart Nawaz Sharif and despite the Pathankot terrorist attack a JIT had managed to visit India.

c)     Given the personal investment by PM Modi and the close contacts between the two NSAs, theres little doubt that the comments are a setback to the bilateral peace process.

d)     Basits announcement (which comes close on the heels of the JIT visit to India) also puts a question mark on any future cooperation between the two countries on bringing to book the perpetrators of the Pathankot attack.

e)     As per bilateral practice, Pakistans action is apiece with what India did in August 2014 when it unilaterally cancelled peace talks over Basits meeting with separatist Kashmiri leaders.

3.

Lessons from the Chinese veto (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     BRICS

c)     RIC

d)     Terrorism

e)     Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM)

f)     Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT)

g)     United Nations Security Committee on Terrorism

 

a)     The Centres protests over Chinas move to block Indias attempt at the UN to ban JeM chief Masood Azhar is understandable. After all, it was Azhar along with LeT chief Hafiz Saeed that provided the leadership for most of the terror attacks launched from Pakistan on India.

b)     Even if China awaits evidence of Azhars role in the Pathankot attacks, it cannot be unaware of his long association with terrorist activity, including the 2001 Parliament assault.

c)     Azhar is the undisputed leader of the JeM, which has been proscribed by the UN for its links with the Taliban and al-Qaeda, and it is only logical that he also comes under the ban.

d)     Despite Chinas repeated assurances of standing firm on the issue of terrorism at the bilateral level as well as at multilateral fora such as BRICS and RIC, it has let India down time and again in the past two years. Since Sept 2014, when President Xi Jinping visited India, China has blocked India five times.

e)     It is no secret that while India-China business and people-to-people ties have improved over the past few years, the security relationship has flagged.

f)  A series of border incursions by Chinese troops, followed by Indias forging maritime military ties with the US for coordination in the South China Sea, have increased distrust between New Delhi and Beijing, which has widened due to lack of meetings at the designated Special Envoy level for more than a year.

g)     Added to this is Chinas renewed closeness to Pakistan, and growing interests in the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor, making it more difficult for Beijing to hold Pakistan accountable on tricky issues such as terror.

h)     India must show that terror is not a zero-sum game and that it is willing to work with every world power in order to isolate the terrorists that continue to threaten its people.

4.

World military spending up in 2015, India in sixth position (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Global military expenditure

b)     Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI)

 

 

a)   As per the latest report from the SIPRI, India is the sixth largest military spender in 2015 having spent $51.3 billion even as the world spent $1676 billion reversing a global trend which was on the decline since 2011.

b)     India moved one rank up from last year accounting for 3.1 percent of global military expenditure. Over a ten-year period from 2006-15 this represents a 43 percent jump. India is also ahead of countries like France, Germany and Israel who happen to be among its top arms suppliers.

c)    World military expenditure rose by 1 percent in 2015, the report noted said it reflects continuing growth in Asia and Oceania, Central and Eastern Europe, and some Middle Eastern states.

d)   The US remained by far the worlds largest spender in 2015 despite its defence expenditure falling by 2.4 percent to $596 billion followed by China, Saudi Arabia, Russia and UK. Chinas expenditure rose by 7.4 percent to $215 billion.

5.

Colombo tries to strike a balance between India, China (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lanka – India relations

b)     Sri Lanka – China relations

c)     Colombo Port City Project

a)     A year ago, Sri Lankas PM Ranil Wickremesinghe said that Sri Lanka is neither pro-India nor pro-China. His comments came at a time there were concerns in India about Chinas rising involvement in Sri Lanka.

b)   It was during the presidency of Mahinda Rajapaksa that Chinese presence in Sri Lanka became more perceptible through its involvement in big-ticket infrastructure projects such as the $1.4-billion Colombo Port City Project.

c)     The port city project has been proposed alongside the Colombo port, which has become a vital player in Indian scheme of economic activity. This was why New Delhi had initially viewed the project with suspicion in view of reports of the Chinese project promoter getting land ownership rights.

d)    Though India has not made its position public to Colombos renewed move to revive the project, what has comforted it is that Sri Lanka has made it clear that land will be provided on a long-term lease and not on free hold.

e)     While favouring deeper economic engagement with China, experts on foreign affairs argue that Sri Lanka should not do anything that will be perceived by India as a security threat.

6.

Hafiz Saeeds JuD running Sharia court (Page 16)

a)     International

a)     Jamaat-ud-Dawa

b)     Sharia court  

a)     Jamaat-ud-Dawa (a religious group headed by Mumbai attack mastermind Hafiz Saeed) has set up a Sharia court to hand out easy and swift justice, the first such parallel judicial system in Pakistans Punjab Province.

b)     The court is run under a Qazi (judge), who is assisted by Khadmins (court associates) to decide complaints. It deals mostly with civil cases relating to property and monetary disputes. The complaints are addressed to Saeed who later refers them to the Qazi for further proceedings.

c)    This is the first Sharia court established in the Punjab. Earlier, they were functioning in Kyber Pakhtaunkhwa, operated by pro-Taliban groups.

7.

Congress moves Supreme Court against Aadhaar Bill (Page 14)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Aadhaar Bill

b)     Money Bill

c)     Article 110 of the Constitution

d)     Lok Sabha

e)     Rajya Sabha

f)     Parliament

g)     Supreme Court

a)     Senior Congress leader Jairam Ramesh said he had challenged the Aadhaar Bill in the Supreme Court, seeking to block its implementation unless it was cleared by the Rajya Sabha.

b)     Since Finance Minister Arun Jaitley introduced the Aadhaar Bill as a money Bill in the last session of Parliament, the Opposition parties could not challenge it in the Rajya Sabha.

c)     Jairam Ramesh said that it is important because declaring the Aadhaar Bill as money Bill violates Article 110 of the Constitution and has grave implications for the future of Rajya Sabha itself.

d) Though Aadhaar, a biometric identification system that aims to weed out corruption and malpractices in distribution of govt subsidies was the UPA-led govts initiative, Ramesh urged a caution that certain clauses in the Bill could harm personal freedom as it gave sweeping powers to the government on the grounds of national security.

                                                              

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