Current Affairs > Daily Current affairs

Back
Daily News Analysis 15-04-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

After drift, India prepares to mend ties with China (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     After a period of strain and drift in the relations with its Eastern neighbour, India is preparing for a new round of engagement with China with several high profile interactions lined up in the coming week.

2.

No military alliance with US, say officials (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Highly placed officials in the govt said that there is no dilution of Indias position and no military alliance with the proposed Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement with the US.

3.

India blames EU for FTA talks delay (Page 15)

a)     I.R

b)     Economy

a)     Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has blamed the European Union for delaying talks on the proposed India-EU Free Trade Agreement.

4.

US, Philippines launch joint patrols in South China Sea (Pg 14)

a)     International

a)     The US said that it has launched joint South China Sea naval patrols with the Philippines, escalating its presence as it accused Beijing of militarising a region which is locked in territorial disputes.

5.

Brexit campaign is still subdued (Page 14)

a)     International

a)    With a crucial referendum in which the UK will vote to remain or leave the EU just two months away, both the Remain and Leave campaigns are noticeably subdued.

6.

The waning of the pink tide (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Keiko Fujimoris victory in the first round of the presidential poll in Peru and the relegation of leftist candidate Veronika Mendoza to third place means that the former is set to face right-wing candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in the final run-off on June 5.

7.

Investments welcome in maritime sector, says Modi (Pg 12)

a)     National

a)     Prime Minister Narendra Modi called upon international investors to invest in Indias maritime sector, which is poised for quantum growth.

8.

Indian tigers may replenish Cambodian forests (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Cambodia is looking to India to bring wild tigers back to its forests where they were declared functionally extinct recently. The South-east Asian country is trying to get some tigers from India introduced into its eastern region. A formal proposal from Cambodia is likely later this year.

                                                                                                                                                                          

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

After drift, India prepares to mend ties with China (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     Russia-India-China (RIC) trilateral

c)     Cross-border terrorism

d)     India – US Logistics Support Agreement

 

a)     After a period of strain and drift in the relations with its Eastern neighbour, India is preparing for a new round of engagement with China with several high profile interactions lined up in the coming week.

b)     Defence Minister Parrikar and the NSA Ajit Doval are heading to Beijing next week, while External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj will meet her Chinese counterpart Wang Yi at the RIC trilateral in Moscow on April 18.

c)     The visits come in the backdrop of the just concluded visit of US Defence Secretary Ashton Carter during which India and the US agreed in principle on a modified Logistics Support Agreement, addressing Indian concerns, in addition to a series of new initiatives on maritime front.

d)  China had reacted cautiously to the visit. Responding to questions Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Lu Kang said that China has noted relevant reports on US Defence Secretary Carters visit to India.

e)     There is considerable heartburn in India over Chinas move to block its bid to designate JeM chief Masood Azhar as terrorist by the UN, following the terror attack on Pathankot airbase in January.

f)     Doval and Swaraj will separately raise the issue of Masood Azhar and apprise the Chinese side of Indias efforts to contain cross-border terrorism.

2.

No military alliance with US, say officials (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     India – US relations

b)     Logistics Exchange Memorandum of Agreement (LEMOA)

 

a)     Defending the agreement that was announced in principle but not concluded during US Defence Secretary Ashton Carters visit to India this week, highly placed officials in the govt said that there is no dilution of Indias position and no military alliance with the proposed LEMOA with the US.

b)     The comments came after the Congress and the Left accused the government of joining the US military bloc by agreeing to the use of each others military bases.

c)     Defence and External Ministry officials told that the projection of LEMOA as a sovereignty issue was a misrepresentation, and that Indian and US military troops would access each others facilities more for technical than political reasons.

d)     In particular, a senior official said the need for the LSA was felt during humanitarian rescue efforts such as Operation Raahat that evacuated Indian citizens from Yemen last year.

3.

India blames EU for FTA talks delay (Page 15)

a)     I.R

b)     Economy

a)     India-EU Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

b)     India – EU Summit

c)     Broadbased Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA)

d)     Brexit

a)  Commerce Minister Nirmala Sitharaman has blamed the European Union for delaying talks on the proposed India-EU Free Trade Agreement.

b)     She said India has the political will to expeditiously conclude the negotiations. Therefore, India is ready to resume the negotiations (stalled since 2013) at the earliest and she had conveyed this to EU Commissioner (Trade) Cecilia Malmstrom after the 13th India-EU Summit in Brussels, but was yet to get a response.

c)     The joint statement at the end of the Summit on March 30 had said that both sides have re-engaged in discussions with a view to considering how to further the EU-India BTIA negotiations. The FTA is formally known as the BTIA.

d)     According to sources in the Indian govt, the resumption of talks have been delayed due to the uncertainty over Brexit.

4.

US, Philippines launch joint patrols in South China Sea (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US – Philippines relations

b)     South China Sea dispute

a)     The US said that it has launched joint South China Sea naval patrols with the Philippines, escalating its presence as it accused Beijing of militarising a region which is locked in territorial disputes.

b)    China warned deployments must not damage regional stability, but Carter said Washingtons efforts to strengthen its military role in the region were not done in order to provoke. He said the US was responding to regional anxiety over Chinas muscular actions in the South China Sea, including building artificial islands over disputed reefs.

c)     Countries across the Asia-Pacific are voicing concern with Chinas land reclamation, which stands out in size and scope, as well as its militarisation in the South China Sea.

d)     Manila has been improving its defence ties with the United States to help boost its ability to defend its territory.

e)     Chinas Foreign Ministry reacted coolly to the US deployment. A statement read that the military activities of the relevant countries should not be targeted at a third country, and moreover should not support the efforts of some countries to provoke China on issues of sovereignty and security, adding to regional contradictions and damaging regional stability. China claims most of the South China Sea.

5.

Brexit campaign is still subdued (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     EU referendum

b)     European Union (EU)

c)     Brexit

 

a)     With a crucial referendum in which the UK will vote to remain or leave the EU just two months away, both the Remain and Leave campaigns are noticeably subdued.

b)     The May 5th mayoral and assembly elections (including the hotly contested London mayoral seat) could be drawing away some of the focus. A string of recent issues ranging from the steel industry crisis to the Panama Papers has also deflected public attention.

c)     However, the most important factor undermining the referendum campaign unity, whether in respect of the Leave or Remain campaigns, is the reluctance shown by traditional foes to shake hands on the referendum issue.

d)    On the Leave side, militant sections of trade unions (the Trade Union and Socialist Coalition for example) have refused to campaign with their allies, who include the far-right United Kingdom Independence Party and the pro-Brexit Conservatives led by current London Mayor, Boris Johnson.

6.

The waning of the pink tide (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Latin America political crisis

b)     Peru elections

 

a)     Keiko Fujimoris victory in the first round of the presidential poll in Peru and the relegation of leftist candidate Veronika Mendoza to third place means that the former is set to face right-wing candidate Pedro Pablo Kuczynski in the final run-off on June 5.

b)     Fujimoris father Alberto had ruled Peru in the 1990s, his reign known for repressive measures against the political opposition. Fujimori has promised a break from her fathers notorious past while seeking to resuscitate his right-wing populism, if elected to power to succeed former President Ollanta Humala.

c)     The run-off between Fujimori and Kuczynski is yet another setback for the left in Latin America after years of political ascendancy in the 2000s, marking what was termed the rise of the pink tide in the continent.

d)     The socialist regime in Venezuela lost a parliamentary election against the centre-right opposition; the Peronists led by Cristina Fernandez had to relinquish power to right-wing forces in Argentina last year; and Evo Morales (possibly the most popular Latin American leader) lost a referendum on whether he could retain power for a fourth term in Bolivia.

e)     In the early 2000s, a series of mass mobilisations and upsurges gave rise to either new leftists (the Bolivarian socialists in Venezuela, Ecuador and Bolivia), or social democratic regimes (the Workers Party in Brazil) or populist governments (Argentina under Kirchners).

f)     These were a reaction to a social and economic environment controlled by elites who undertook skewed economic policies, exacerbating economic inequality and poverty.

g)     The loss of popularity for the left has country-specific reasons, but the common current has been the inability of regimes to go beyond statism or dependence on welfarism fuelled by natural resource extraction and related commodity production.

7.

Investments welcome in maritime sector, says Modi (Page 12)

a)     National

a)     Maritime India Summit 2016

b)     Sagarmala programme

 

a)     Speaking at the maiden Maritime India Summit 2016 in Mumbai, PM Modi called upon international investors to invest in Indias maritime sector, which is poised for quantum growth.

b)     The Ministry of Shipping is showcasing about 250 projects with investment opportunity in maritime sector. Deals worth over Rs. 82,000 crore are likely to be signed during the three-day event. These projects include various infrastructure development opportunities in 12 major ports, projects in eight maritime States and other agencies.

c)     Of these, over 100 projects have been identified under the Sagarmala programme. With more than 14,000 km of navigable inland waterways in the country, there is tremendous potential for development in this sector.

8.

Indian tigers may replenish Cambodian forests (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Tiger population in India

b)     Project Tiger

c)     World Wide Fund for Nature (WWF)

 

a)     Cambodia is looking to India to bring wild tigers back to its forests where they were declared functionally extinct recently. The South-east Asian country is trying to get some tigers from India introduced into its eastern region. A formal proposal from Cambodia is likely later this year.

b)     Cambodias dry forests bear similarities to Indias, but conservation biologists say they may not be conducive in terms of low prey density and lax enforcement of anti-poaching laws.

c)     Key deer species that serve as prey were absent and generally much lower than in ecologically similar sites in South Asia in Eastern Cambodia.

d)     A report by the WWF says that though there are genetic variations in Asian tigers (Bengal, Malayan, Indochinese and Amur), the big cats from India or Nepal are best suited for the Cambodia plan as they are likely to acclimatise to dry forests.

Branches

Ashok Nagar Branch
1-10-223/A, Sub-register office Line
Hyderabad
+91 9052 29 29 29, 9052 19 29 29

Madhapur Branch
Plot No.3, 2nd floor, Raghuma Towers
Hyderabad
+91 9052 492929

Delhi:
Old Rajendra Nagar

Send to mail

Request for call