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Daily News Analysis 24-04-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

Reject cynicism, take the long view, Obama tells British youth (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     On the second day of his visit to London, US President Barack Obama asked the British to vote to stay in the European Union in the June 23 in-out referendum, or go to back of the queue in trade deals with the US.

2.

Floating nuclear plants to power Chinas artificial islands (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     All the radar systems, lighthouses, barracks, ports and airfields that China has set up on its newly built island chain in the South China Sea require tremendous amounts of electricity, which is hard to come by in a place hundreds of miles from the countrys power grid.

3.

Sri Lanka Ministry defends housing project cost (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     The Sri Lankan governments Resettlement Ministry has reacted to criticism over the unit cost of houses to be built under the latest project in the Northern and Eastern Provinces.

4.

Centre notifies rules foramended SC/ST Act (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Four months after Parliament amended the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989 to tighten provisions to ensure speedier justice to SCs and STs, the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry notified the Rules to give effect to the changes on Babasaheb Ambedkars birth anniversary on April 14.

5.

Panama disease stalks banana cultivation in Kerala (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     The Panama disease caused by a soil-borne fungus is threatening banana crops across Kerala, posing a potential crisis for farmers, even as global efforts to control the disease gain momentum.

6.

Reusable space launcher model to be tested soon (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Chairman of the ISRO said two futuristic space technologies that will impact cost and human space travel are due to be tested shortly.

7.

Ravi Varmas link to Bengaluru (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Culture

a)     Bharani Thirunal Rukmini Bayi Varma (a descendant of painter Raja Ravi Varma) is the founder of the Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation in Bengaluru. The Foundation will host the first ever exhibition of Raja Ravi Varmas lithographs.

 

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

Reject cynicism, take the long view, Obama tells British youth (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US – British relations

b)     EU referendum

c)     European Union

d)     Brexit

e)     Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

 

a)     On the second day of his visit to London, US President Obama asked the British to vote to stay in the EU in the June 23 in-out referendum, or go to back of the queue in trade deals with the US.

b)     His appeal has met with a barrage of criticism from the Vote to Leave supporters.

c)     The left-right political divide in Britain has become increasingly blurred in the debate. For example Nigel Farage (leader of the pro-Brexit and anti-immigration United Kingdom Independence Party) has called Obama the most anti-British of American Presidents for championing the TTIP.

2.

Floating nuclear plants to power Chinas artificial islands (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Chinas artificial islands

b)     South China Sea

c)     Panama Canal Zone

d)     World War II

a)     All the radar systems, lighthouses, barracks, ports and airfields that China has set up on its newly built island chain in the South China Sea require tremendous amounts of electricity, which is hard to come by in a place hundreds of miles from countrys power grid.

b)     A state-owned company (China Shipbuilding Industry Corp) is planning to build a fleet of the vessels to provide electricity to remote locations including offshore oil platforms and the contentious man-made islands.

c)     China would not be the first country to employ floating nuclear power plants. In the 1960s, the US Army installed a nuclear reactor inside the hull of a World War II freighter to provide electricity for the Panama Canal Zone.

3.

Sri Lanka Ministry defends housing project cost (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas housing project

b)     Meeriabatta housing programme of the Sri Lanka Army

c)     Tamil National Alliance (TNA)

a)     The Sri Lankan governments Resettlement Ministry has reacted to criticism over the unit cost of houses to be built under the latest project in the Northern and Eastern Provinces.

b)     TNA chief R. Sampanthan and Northern Province Chief Minister C.V. Wigneswaran have both argued that at least two houses could be constructed under the given unit cost of over Rs. 2 million.

c)     Making a comparison with housing projects of other wings of the government, the Ministry said that the unit cost under the plantation housing programme was Rs.1.2 million and that under the Meeriabatta housing programme of the Sri Lanka Army was Rs.1.3 million.

4.

Centre notifies rules foramended SC/ST Act (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989  

b)     Lok Sabha

c)     Rajya Sabha

d)     Parliament

a) Four months after Parliament amended the SCs and the STs (Prevention of Atrocities) Act of 1989 to tighten provisions to ensure speedier justice to SCs and STs, the Social Justice and Empowerment Ministry notified the Rules to give effect to the changes on Babasaheb Ambedkars birth anniversary on April 14.

b)   The 1989 Act was amended by Parliament on Dec 21 2015, after the Rajya Sabha gave assent. Earlier, in August 2015, the Lok Sabha had cleared it.

c)     The object of the amended provisions is to speed up the process of dispensation of justice, liberalise and expedite access to relief for victims of atrocities, ensuring special sensitivity in cases of offences against women.

5.

Panama disease stalks banana cultivation in Kerala (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Panama disease

b)     Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cubense (Foc)

c)     Tropical Race 4 (TR4)

 

a)     The Panama disease caused by a soil-borne fungus is threatening banana crops across Kerala, posing a potential crisis for farmers, even as global efforts to control the disease gain momentum.

b)     Also called Fusarium Wilt of banana, Panama is caused by the soil-borne fungus Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. Cubense. The fungus enters the plant through roots and goes on to colonise the plant through the vascular system. It causes discoloration and wilting of leaves, and eventually kills the plant.

c)   In the 1950s, Panama wiped out the Gros Michel banana, the dominant cultivar. Over the years, it spread from Panama to neighbouring countries. A new virulent strain of the disease known as Tropical Race 4 is now threatening banana crops in Asia, Australia, Africa and the Middle East.

6.

Reusable space launcher model to be tested soon (Page 8)

a)     National

b)     S&T

a)     Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV)

b)     RLV TD

c)     ISRO

 

a)   Chairman of ISRO said two futuristic space technologies that will impact cost and human space travel are due to be tested shortly. A small, plane-like prototype of a reusable launch vehicle is planned be flown first in May or June.

b)     An RLV TD can be used as a flying test bed for various future technologies including space agencies dream hypersonic flight, autonomous landing, and air breathing propulsion.

c)     The RLV TD will be useful for future human missions where astronauts or objects must be safely brought back to Earth.

7.

Ravi Varmas link to Bengaluru (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Culture

a)     Raja Ravi Varma lithographs

 

a)     Bharani Thirunal Rukmini Bayi Varma (a descendant of painter Raja Ravi Varma) is the founder of the Raja Ravi Varma Heritage Foundation in Bengaluru. The Foundation will host the first ever exhibition of Raja Ravi Varmas lithographs.

b)     Raja Ravi Varma is especially noted for his depiction of gods in the Hindu canon.

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