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Daily News Analysis 25-04-2016

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

ESSENCE OF THE ARTICLE

1.         

 

No ground troops for Syria: Obama (Page 14)

a)     International

a)    US President Obama arrived on a valedictory visit to Germany on April 24 to see his friend Chancellor Angela Merkel, but their show of unity looked unlikely to silence opposition to their push for a transatlantic trade pact.

2.

Building on the Paris Agreement (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     The 174 countries and the European Union that signed up to the Paris Climate Change Agreement in New York on April 22 have committed themselves to the decision that a range of actions must be undertaken to keep the rise in global average temperature well below 2 degree  Celsius over pre-industrial levels.

3.

To Brexit or not to Brexit (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     It should not have needed a visiting US President to puncture the arguments of eurosceptic Britons, who believe their country is better off outside the EU.

4.

US should first stop military exercises (Pg 14)

a)     International

a)     The North Korean Foreign Minister said that North Korea is ready to halt its nuclear tests if the United States suspends its annual military exercises with South Korea.

5.

Sri Lankas NPC not for special powers, says chairperson (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     According to its chairperson C.V.K. Sivagnanam, the Northern Provincial Council (which has reiterated the position of Tamil parties for a merger of the North and the East) is not for special powers to be provided to the proposed State.

6.

CJI slams government for stalling judicial appointments (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Chief Justice of India Tirath Singh Thakur launched a scathing attack on govt inaction, blaming the Centre for stalling appointment of judges to High Courts and doing nothing to increase the number of courts and judges, thus denying poor and undertrial prisoners their due of justice.

7.

National corridor body plan shelved (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     The Centre has decided to shelve its plan to set up a National Industrial Corridor Authority, the proposed nodal body to oversee work relating to all national industrial corridors, in face of hurdles in implementation.

8.

Pulakeshins famed victory over Harsha was in 618 A.D. (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     History

a)    Researchers from the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (which houses South Asias largest collection of manuscripts and rare texts) claim to have fixed the date of Emperor Harshavardhans defeat to the Chalukya King Pulakeshin II by decoding a copper plate.

 

 

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.         

 

No ground troops for Syria: Obama (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     US – Germany relations

b)     Trans-Atlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP)

c)     Free Trade Agreement (FTA)

d)     EU referendum

e)     Brexit

 

 

a)     US President Obama arrived on a valedictory visit to Germany on April 24 to see his friend Chancellor Angela Merkel, but their show of unity looked unlikely to silence opposition to their push for a transatlantic trade pact.

b)  Obama warned that it would be a mistake to send Western troops into Syria and cautioned Britain on reduced global influence should it quit the EU.

c)     While his fifth and final official trip to Europes biggest economy is expected to cover global crises, one of headline goals is to advance negotiations on what could become the worlds biggest FTA.

d)     Both sides say they aim to see the TTIP finalised, at least in its broad outlines, before Obama leaves office in January. However Merkels Economy Minister Sigmar Gabriel cast doubt on those ambitions, warning the deal will fail if the US refuses to make concessions in the protracted talks.

2.

Building on the Paris Agreement (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     Paris Climate Agreement

b)     Climate change

c)     Global warming

d)     Greenhouse gas emissions

e)     UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)

f)     National Electric Mobility Mission Plan

a)     The 174 countries and the European Union that signed up to the Paris Climate Change Agreement in New York on April 22 have committed themselves to the decision that a range of actions must be undertaken to keep the rise in global average temperature well below 2 degree  Celsius over pre-industrial levels.

b)     The debate on climate change shifted after the climate summit in Paris in December from whether scientific evidence is strong enough to warrant making aggressive cuts in GHG emissions, to how this should be achieved without hurting economic growth in developing countries such as India.

c)     The UNFCCC accepts differentiated responsibility for developing nations, which are not responsible for accumulated stock of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, as opposed to rich countries that historically had the benefit of the unfettered use of fossil fuels.

d)     Indias estimate of its share of global GHG emissions submitted to the UN for the Paris treaty is 4.10 percent, but it faces a double jeopardy: of having to emit large volumes of carbon dioxide to achieve growth, while preparing to adapt to the destructive effects of intense weather events, such as droughts and floods, linked to climate change.

e)     After Paris, the challenge before India is to implement its pledge - to sharply cut emissions intensity of GDP by 2020. A small reduction was achieved between 2005 and 2010, and the effort now should be to maintain the trend.

f)     Energy, transport and infrastructure are key areas where sound national policies are needed. The doubling of the cess on coal in the Budget, and the general policy to keep fuel prices high using taxation are welcome, but they must translate into funding for green alternatives.

g)     The National Electric Mobility Mission Plan aims to put about seven million electric or hybrid vehicles on the road by 2020, but for this to happen, the creation of charging infrastructure and introduction of consumer incentives are vital; greening public transport bus fleets will give the Mission a face.

h)     Once the Paris Agreement is ratified, funding for such initiatives should come from the wealthy countries, which are required to raise at least $100 billion a year.

i)     The pact requires them to provide even higher levels of assistance. The success of the climate compact will ultimately depend on whether rich countries, including the US fund innovation and open-source their green technologies to developing nations.

3.

To Brexit or not to Brexit (Page 10)

a)     International

a)     EU referendum

b)     European Union

c)     Brexit

a)     It should not have needed a visiting US President to puncture the arguments of eurosceptic Britons, who believe their country is better off outside the EU.

b)     But so strong is the hold of Britains history as an imperial power that the prospect of a destiny inside Europe (that too one driven by a dominant Franco-German alliance) is deeply unpalatable to sections of the political class.

c)     For all the fury and noise over the referendum in June, the question whether to stay inside or leave the bloc has cast a long and troublesome shadow on a country that joined the EU in 1973 under a Conservative PM. When the Labour leader Harold Wilson won public approval for that step in a 1975 referendum, the hope was that the overwhelming mandate would be irreversible.

d)     Years on, PM Cameron finds himself in Wilsons shoes. His Conservative backbenchers forced his hand on a UK vote on continued EU membership and prominent Cabinet colleagues are now spearheading the leave campaign.

e)     Now, as in 1975, the main argument against membership is the perceived loss of national sovereignty. At the heart of the issue is what Brexit could mean for the workforce. On the other hand, immigration has become a key element in the eurosceptic armoury, acquiring renewed potency following the large inflow of refugees from Syria into the EU.

f)     The exit camp is exploiting the cracks in EU policy over their rehabilitation to frontally attack the free movement principle underlying the Schengen borderless travel zone. The objectives of the UKs membership of the EU have always been primarily economic rather than political.

g)     The champions of Brexit have taken exception to the US President expressing his opinion on the referendum. But they would surely know that from US standpoint the special relationship with Britain would carry real meaning only if it translates into an effective voice inside the EU, the worlds largest single trading bloc.

4.

US should first stop military exercises (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     North Koreas nuclear arsenal

b)     US-South Korea exercises

a)     The North Korean Foreign Minister said that North Korea is ready to halt its nuclear tests if the United States suspends its annual military exercises with South Korea.

b)     His comments came after North Korea test-fired a ballistic missile from a submarine in its latest show of defiance as the US-South Korea exercises wind down. He referred to the launch in context of current tensions caused by the military exercises.

c)     North Korea (which sees the US-South Korean exercises as a rehearsal for invasion) has floated similar proposals to Washington in the past, but the US has insisted the North give up its nuclear weapons program first before any negotiations.

5.

Sri Lankas NPC not for special powers, says chairperson (Page 14)

a)     International

a)     Sri Lankas internal issues

b)     Northern Provincial Council (NPC)

 

a)   According to its chairperson C.V.K. Sivagnanam, the Northern Provincial Council (which has reiterated the position of Tamil parties for a merger of the North and East) is not for special powers to be provided to the proposed State.

b)     The Councils proposals on constitutional reforms were essentially based on the constitutional models of two countries - India and Switzerland. As in the case of India, there should be States demarcated on the basis of languages.

c)     He said this was one of the reasons for the proposed merger of the Northern and Eastern provinces as Muslims in the East are all Tamil speaking people.

d)    Conscious of the pluralistic character of the Eastern province where the population was more or less evenly distributed among Tamils, Muslims and Sinhalese, he said the resolution talked of creating an autonomous council. Taking into account aspirations of hill-country Tamils, the NPC suggested another autonomous body.

6.

CJI slams government for stalling judicial appointments (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC)

b)     Collegium system

c)     Chief Justice of India (CJI)

d)     Supreme Court

e)     High Court

 

a)     Chief Justice of India Tirath Singh Thakur launched a scathing attack on govt inaction, blaming the Centre for stalling appointment of judges to High Courts and doing nothing to increase the number of courts and judges, thus denying poor and undertrial prisoners their due of justice.

b)     He said there were 434 judicial vacancies in the High Courts as of date and the fact that judicial appointments remained in limbo because of the prolonged litigation over the NDA governments NJAC laws.

c)    He said the ordinary citizen had full faith in the judiciary and the government would not let his faith in the judges falter. He blamed the flood of archaic laws that filled up the statute books, faulty or vague drafting of laws and their multiple interpretations by various courts for prolonged litigations.

d)     He said the only solution to clear the backlog of cases was to increase the number of judges, as recommended by the Law Commission in 1987 and agreed to by PM Modi.

7.

National corridor body plan shelved (Page 15)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     National Industrial Corridor Authority (NICA)

b)     National Highways Authority of India (NHAI)

c)     Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor Development Corporation (DMICDC)

a)     The Centre has decided to shelve its plan to set up a National Industrial Corridor Authority, the proposed nodal body to oversee work relating to all national industrial corridors, in face of hurdles in implementation.

b)    The Authority has been put on the back burner due to the delay foreseen by the PMO and Cabinet Secretariat in getting Parliamentary approval for it to be conferred statutory status on the lines of the NHAI. The plan to set up NICA was announced by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in his maiden Budget speech in July 2014.

c)     Making DMICDC the coordinating agency only needs a Cabinet nod, and is easier than obtaining Parliamentary approval for NICA.

d)     The Centres initial plan was to go in for a Constitutional amendment and ensure passage of a new law (a NICA Act on the lines of NHAI Act) in Parliament. The aim was to grant NICA overarching powers including primacy over State bodies on all aspects of industrial corridors thus allowing it comprehensive operational freedom.

e)     The amendment was proposed to ensure that all matters pertaining to national industrial corridors come under the Union List and this would in turn prevent conflicts with State authorities and ensured better Centre-State coordination for expediting proposals.

f)     Besides DMIC, other proposed corridors include those linking Amritsar-Kolkata, Bengaluru-Mumbai, Chennai-Bengaluru, and Visakhapatnam-Chennai. As per the new plan to make DMICDC the nodal agency, its head will have the powers to approve proposals relating to corridors.

8.

Pulakeshins famed victory over Harsha was in 618 A.D. (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     History

a)     Chalukya dynasty

b)     Pulakeshin II

c)     Harshavardhan

a)    Researchers from the Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (which houses South Asias largest collection of manuscripts and rare texts) claim to have fixed the date of Emperor Harshavardhans defeat to Chalukya King Pulakeshin II by decoding a copper plate.

b)     The date of Pulakeshins great triumph over Harsha in a battle fought primarily with elephants on the banks of the Narmada, can now be fixed at 618 A.D.

c)     Pulakeshin (who ruled from the Chalukyan capital of Badami) challenged Harshas conquests. The former had established himself as lord paramount of the south, as Harsha had of the north. Unwilling to tolerate the existence of a powerful rival in the south, Harsha had marched from Kanauj with a huge force.

d)     Such was Pulakeshins efficiency in guarding the passes of the Narmada that Harsha was compelled to accept the river as the demarcation and retire from the field of battle after losing a major part of his elephant force.

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