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My Notes - 07May2016 07-05-2016

My Notes

 

Editorials

An authoritarian in Turkey

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 Recep Tayyip Erdogan – president of Turkey

Ahmet Davutoglu - Prime Minister of Turkey

 

As per Turkey constitution, office of the President is ceremonial and the head of the Government is Prime Minister. Mr. Erdogan left the office of the Prime Minister to the office of president with an intention to amend the constitution to make the office of the president all powerful. But the elections in turkey did not provide the necessary Majority.  

 

In this context, president’s office that is expected to be Non partisan is still politically active. There are differences between President and Prime Minister on Kurdish issue and finally Prime Minister Davutoglu resigned from the office. It is going to worst effect the peace talks with Kurds.

 

 

What was agreed in the EU-Turkey statement of 18 March?

The EU and Turkey agreed that:

1) All new irregular migrants whether persons not applying for asylum  or asylum seekers whose applications have been declared inadmissible crossing from Turkey to the Greek islands as of 20 March 2016 will be returned to Turkey;

2) For every Syrian being returned to Turkey from the Greek islands, another Syrian will be resettled to the EU from Turkey directly;

3) Turkey will take any necessary measures to prevent new sea or land routes for irregular migration opening from Turkey to the EU;

4) Once irregular crossings between Turkey and the EU are ending or have been substantially reduced, a Voluntary Humanitarian Admission Scheme will be activated;

5) The fulfilment of the visa liberalisation roadmap will be accelerated with a view to lifting the visa requirements for Turkish citizens at the latest by the end of June 2016. Turkey will take all the necessary steps to fulfil the remaining requirements;

6) The EU will, in close cooperation with Turkey, further speed up the disbursement of the initially allocated €3 billion under the Facility for Refugees in Turkey. Once these resources are about to be used in full, the EU will mobilise additional funding for the Facility up to an additional €3 billion to the end of 2018;

7) The EU and Turkey welcomed the ongoing work on the upgrading of the Customs Union.

8) The accession process will be re-energised, with Chapter 33 to be opened during the Dutch Presidency of the Council of the European Union and preparatory work on the opening of other chapters to continue at an accelerated pace;

9) The EU and Turkey will work to improve humanitarian conditions inside Syria.

 

Tamil Nadu freebies

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Competitive populism is reigning in Tamil Nadu. PMK, DMK, AIDMK manifestos offer freebies in competition to each other. These are like gifts for votes at the state expense. The major challenge is the mis allocation of the resources from the essential sectors like health and education.

 

 

 

They were nowhere in the struggle

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The present govt tries to appropriate individual leaders of the freedom struggle from Patel to Ambedkar. In the entire scheme, the attention is on individual heroism rather than on the collective ideas and ideologies of the freedom struggle. These ideologies that have come up during the freedom struggle defined our constitution at a later date.

Added to this, all the above leaders though differed on many issues, they are common on one single idea – opposition to exclusionary nationalism.

 

News

SC on Uttarakhand crisis

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SC has ordered for a floor test in Uttarakhand assembly to prove its majority.

 

COMPOSITE FLOOR TEST

The test involved each member casting a vote declaring his support to either candidate or signing on the ballot paper. It was ordered by the Supreme court in jagadambika Pal case.

The Jharkhand principle brought in 2005 says that protem speaker of Jharkhand to conduct the floor test.

 

 

One man government – Prime ministerial govt

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Arun Shourie, depicting the concentration of power excessively in the PM and his office called it as a one man government and compared it to presidential form of govt.

 

Indian Express

 

Death sentence

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Process

 
   

 

 

The National Law University’s Death Penalty Research Project has prepared a socio-economic profile of prisoners sentenced to death in India.

 

Findings
most of the people convicted for the death sentence are predominantly Fromm the economically vulnerable groups and are mostly first time offenders, school drop outs  and are in between the age group 26-40 years.

 

Legal status

The constitutionality of the death penalty was last upheld in May 1980 by a five-judge Bench of the Supreme Court that ruled that it did not violate the right to life guaranteed by Article 21; however, the death penalty should be imposed only in the “rarest of rare” cases. The Law Commission of India, in its 262nd Report in August 2015, recommended the abolition of the death penalty in phases, beginning with ending it for all offences except those related to terrorism.

 

Executions in Bangladesh

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War crimes tribunal convict, Motiur Rahman Nizamis appeal in SC against the death sentence was rejected by the Supreme Court. These executions are leading to political polarisation in Bangladesh. Rising strife in Bangladesh is a concern for India.

 

A rising silence - absenteeism is in Lok Sabha

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There are only 60 members are present in the parliament when it took up the debate on Drought in the Parliament. This indifference raises the serious concerns on two fronts

 

  1. Most of the action on drought came in the light of the directions from Supreme Court and actions of well spirited NGOs. This lack of indifference on the part of the parliament will undermine its legitimacy.
  2. The drought this year has affected the rural India and not the Urban landscape. It is majority due to low inflation. Here, the major question is, is our Parliament  has lost touch with Rural India.

 

Remembering Gilani jail Singh

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In our polity, we remember Jail Singh for his pocket veto of post office bill, 1987. The bill is still pending before Rajya Sabha and is described as a Parliamentary Relic by the Granville Austin. In India, Time is in favour of the president in parliamentary work.

 

Rajasthan Urban land (certification of titles) act 2016

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The Rajasthan Urban Land (Certification of Titles) Act, 2016, passed by the Rajasthan Assembly last month, sets the legal framework for granting of legitimate rights to a property owner in that state.

Rajasthan is the first state to enact a law on property titles, where the state will stand as a guarantor for land titles and provide compensation in case of issues of defective title.

 

WHAT DOES THIS MEAN?

SITUATION TODAY - if two people were to get into a transaction and the deal were to be registered upon payment of requisite stamp duty, it is still not considered proof of ownership but merely treated as proof of a transaction having taken place between the two parties. If a third person were to successfully contest the ownership of the property, there is no compensation available for the buyer in lieu of the money invested in the deal.

 

WHAT A RAJASTHAN LAW DOES?

 The property titling of the sort enacted by Rajasthan effectively ensures that even if a third person were to successfully challenge the title of a transaction between the two parties, the government will have to ensure compensation for the buyer against the payment made.

 

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES –

  • It simplifies the land transactions and land acquisitions for various development programs becomes easy.

 

  • It decreases the litigation in the courts

 

Understand this

National Land records modernisation program

Land and lands records are the subject in the state list

 

 

Question of the day?

 

Do you think capital punishment has outlived its utility as a deterrent towards crime? Discuss the need to revisit the capital punishment in India?

 

 

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