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My Notes 18 Aug 2016 18-08-2016

Dear Students:

Please follow my notes and my video 18 Aug 2016

https://www.civilsprep.com/upsc-ias-the-hindu-and-indian-express-current-affairs-18august2016-2-2-2-2/

My notes

The Hindu-Editorials

Avoiding the copy cat Trap on Balochistan.

Balochistan, what can be India’s gains? 

Context – India shifted its policy and it aims to create a Balochistan as a pressure point on Pakistan. In this context, the challenges  in the policyare analyses below.

Challenges

1        Balochistan and Kashmir are not equivalents – India do not claim any Territorial rights over Balochistan. Unlike this, Pakistani claims a territorial rights over Kashmir. It gives a credence to Pakistan argument that India is fueling nationalistic movement in Balochistan.

2        Brutalities and excess of Pakistan in Balochistan are no way comparable to the situation in Kashmir. Unnecessary hyphenation will bring in an unfortunate comparison.

3        Balochistan issue has repercussions in other countries too – Afghanistan and Iran share boundary with Balochistan and China has economic stakes in Balochistan. CPEC and its west Asia, Central Asia connectivity plans runs through Balochistan. These countries can give credence to Pakistan’s argument of India fueled nationalism in Balochistan and it may affect India’s relations with these countries.

4        India has consistently maintained non interference in the internal matters of other countries stand at UN. This goes against to such a stand.

Finally, creation of pressure points can serve India’s short term interests, but in the long term they need to be properly gauged.

 

Disquiet on the western front

India – Pakistan boundary Management  challenges

Context – Union ministry of home affairs has recently constituted a committee to strengthen border protection. In this scenario, the article highlights challenges across the border.

 

1        A non uniform border – the border varies significantly in its geographical terrain, challenges and criminal activity  From Gujarat to Kashmir.

2        Lack of legal basis of border management – The India Pakistan Border ground rules 1960-61 are not accepted by both the governments. So, any arrangement is an ad hoc arrangement. Non recognition of ground rule is making the implementation of ceasefire agreement very difficult.

3        No written document on ceasefire agreement – 2003 ceasefire agreement as it stands today is not a written document with properly laid out rules.

4        Gaps in the fence – shifting sand dunes, snowfall, torrential rains and overflowing rivers are creating too many gaps in the fence across the border. It is becoming a source of infiltration and crime.

5        Personnel challenges – BSF, a para military force manages the border. It has no equal treatment with the Army. Lack of sufficient man power is leading to extended working hours to the tune of 16-18 hours for the existing staff in extreme weather. It is killing the morale of the personnel.


Sedition law

Nehru described the sedition law as highly objectionable and obnoxious.

Supreme Court of India in kedarnath Singh vs state of Bihar in 1962 upheld the sedition law under section 124A but Imposed restrictions in its use. That is, sedition charges shall be limited to the cases where what is spoken shall incite  violence and public disorder. Inspite of these limitations, misuse of are 124 A continues today. Recent cases against Amnesty international is one such example.

Note – Section 124-A of IPC is a  vague and dangerousprovision that punishes those who by  use of  words, signs or visible representation “bring into hatred or contempt” or “excite disaffection” towards the government.

 

Multilateralism–historicallyliberalism (globalization) and growth of regionalism is happening in cycles. After the wave of globalism, the world is slowly drifting in to a phase of protectionism and regionalism. The major reasons for this are

  1. Institutional structure created after World War II is self deservingly rigid.
  2. Developed societies changed embracing individualism over social democracy.
  3. Rise of rival institutions like SCO, AIIB etc.
  4. Failure to balance free trade with social goals. For example, developed countries never agreed for a strong preferential treatment for farmers from developing countries.

In this scenario, structural changes are very critical for reviving a new wave of multilateralism.

 

News

RTI act – Supreme Court has referred the matter related to bringing judicial my appointments under the purview of RTI is referred to a constitutional bench.

Kashmir – India replied to Pakistan invitation to talks by saying it is ready to discuss cross border terror and not Kashmir.

 

Question of the day

  1. Border management on western front with Pakistan has many challenges. What do you think are the steps India shall take up to improve conditions across the border.

 

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