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MY video and My Notes 15sept2016 15-09-2016

S. No

Topic

Content

Value addition / examples /case studies

1

Health

 

Control of vector borne communicable diseases. 

Malaria, chikungunya, Dengue – vector borne disease control program.

 

India shall eliminate the malaria by 2030.

 

Loss of economic productivity due to disease is very high in India

Ex – Sri Lanka is been declared as a malaria free. It has taken up integrators action.

  1. Mosquito control in irrigation and agriculture
  2. Mobile diagnostics
  3. Residual spraying in houses
  4. Sanitation campaigns
  5. Local Government involvement  

      2.                            

Labour

Code on wages

Small factories bill

Industrial relations bill; 

The  proposed  labour  code on wages empowers the Centre  to  fix  a  minimum  wage applicable  across  all  sectors in  all  states.  he  Centre  can  fix  a minimum wage level only  for central  public  sector  units, States  can  fix  their  own minimum  wage  for  workers in  private  factories.

 

 The  draft code,  which  combines  four Central  laws  – the  Minimum Wages Act, 1948, the Payment of  Wages  Act,  1936,  the  Payment  of  Bonus  Act,  1965  and the  Equal  Remuneration  Act, 1976,  also  streamlines  the definition  of  wages.

 

The  Small  Factories  Bill has been proposed as a separate 

set  of  labour  laws  for factories  with  less  than  40 workers.

 

Industrial relations bill - It  will  allow  companies with  staff of  300  to  retrench workers without government permission,  up  from  the present  requirement  of  up  to 100  workers.

 

Special category status to AP

 

Classification of states in to special and general category was initiated by the planning commission based on the following criteria.

  1. Hilly and difficult terrain
  2. Low population density sizeable share of tribal population
  3. Strategic location along borders with neighbouring countries
  4. Economic and infrastructure backwardness
  5. Non viable state finances

Special category status states used to get generous central assistance for plan purposes under the Gadgil Mukharjee formula. Here 30% of the assistance was earmarked to these states, 90% of it is given as a grant and 10% as loan.

 

Another benefit is special category status states get income tax and excise duty exemptions on investments.

 

 

12th finance commission has recommended for discontinuation of lending to the states by Centre and allowing them to borrow from the market.

14th finance commission has done away with distinction between Plan and non plan grants given under the Gadgil Mukharjee formula for state plan schemes. It got subsumed under the formula for tax devolution and grants. So, the benefit of higher central assistance due to special category status does not exist.

 

Issue of Andhra Pradesh

Special category status  will not bring any special Benefits other than tax incentives. Central Government has already legislated the tax incentives in terms of additional investment allowance and accelerated depreciation.

 

 

Letting Nepal Be

Stable, strong and prosperous Nepal is in the best interests of India. India trying to interfere and micro manage the affairs of Nepal can increase the antagonism against India. So, India shall leave the constitutional and other questions of Nepal to its own People. India shall move towards the geo  physical sensitivity from  the geo strategic sensitivity. Nepal’s increasing connectivity with Tibetan Plateau can also benefit the Indian economy.

 

Physically handicapped – competing for an equal word

A sense of dignity can be brought in to the lives of physically handicapped by recognising them as differently a led rather than as the disabled. Para Olympics is one such an event.

 

NGO - Cash flow  to  NGOs  needs regulatory  law:  Apex  court

In India definition of NGO is too vague and generalised. Only 1/10th of NGO file annual returns. In this context, Supreme Court suggested late commission to look in to the matter of having a regulatory law for NGOs.

 

 

Question of the day

In the context of 14th finance commission recommendations differentiation between general and special category status states appears obsolete. Do you think so. Discuss.

 

 

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