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my notes & my video 30 sep 2016 30-09-2016

Dear students

Please follow my notes & my video date 30 sep 2016

https://www.civilsprep.com/upsc-ias-the-hindu-and-indian-express-current-affairs-30september2016-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2/

Agitation of Marathas – A silence that s deafening

Context – recently, Marathas held a march in Pune demanding for repeal of SC, ST (prevention of atrocities) Act and providing the reservations for them under OBC category.

The reason are analysed as follows.

  1. Lack of income security – There is a class division among the Marathas and the people at the bottom of the class hierarchy do not have any income securities and are unable to access the new kind of jobs.
  2. Crisis in the agricultural economy –most of the Marathas are farmers and crisis in agricultural economy is making them indebted. The  farmer  is  denied competitive  prices  for  his  produce,  affordable  prices  for  the  input  elements,  relief  and support during drought, famines and floods, and  help  from  financial  institutions  when  it is  the  need  of  the  hour.
  3. Sense of loss of power – Upward mobility of Dalits due to reservations and state support is seen as a deprivation of power by Marathas.

In this scenario, addressing the agricultural distress and rising the educational opportunities for all is the way out.

 

Making books accessible to all

Marrakesh treaty is aimed at making books accessible to everyone across national boundaries. It helps the blind people to access the books and other materials in Braille. So, far 22 countries signed the treaty. WIPO based in Geneva is administering the treaty and accessible books consortium is created for the purpose. India has taken up a multistake holder approach to make the books accessible. It involves collaboration among the Government ministers, local champions like DAISY forum of India and the private sector. India also has launched the Indias largest collection of accessible books called sugamyapustakalaya with 2lakh volumes. Other countries also need to emulate the India example.

 

Foreign universities - Saving  the  public  university

Public universities are the egalitarian spaces and the research in liberal arts in these universities is concerned with concerns of equity and Justice.  The GATS of WTO is focussing on international trade in education services. It provides for the foreign universities to be established in India. The major challenges are

  1. Commodification of education – education becomes a trade commodity or a service deliverable. So, the research in liberal education gets least priority.
  2. Increased cost of education – it kills the inclusiveness in higher education.

The  inherent  understanding  that bringing  in  foreign  universities  in  itself would  drastically  alter  and  improve standards  of  education  in  India  is  misplaced.  It needs a strong public university environment in the country.

 

News

Crossing the LoC

India conducted the surgical strikes across the Line of control on terror launch pads. It shows that India has abandoned the self proclaimed policy of strategic restraint.

Centre is also cautious to use the words surgical strikes and pre emptive attacks to show that the attack is not on Pakistan defence forces but aimed against the terrorists. India also conveyed the message to Pakistan at the DGMO level that it is not interested to escalate the conflict further.

Afghanistan - Ghani  formalises  peace deal  with  ‘Butcher  of  Kabul’

Afghan president signed a peace agreement with warlord GulbuddinHekmatyar popularly known as Butcher of Kabul. The details of the deal are yet to be declared.

 

Question of the day

What do you think are the challenges in higher education in India. Do you think the recent steps by the Government of India are aimed at universalisation of higher education in India. How foreign universities can influence this situation.

 

 

 

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