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My Notes 01 Nov 2016 01-11-2016

Dear Students:

Please follow My Notes and My Video 01 November 2016


India and Afghanistan relations saw a sea change after Ashraf Ghani took over the office. His initial inclination towards Pakistan, talks with Taliban and creation of quadrilateral consultation group did not go well with India. USA too, initially thought Indian presence in Afghanistan can displease Pakistan and jeopardise the fight against terrorism.

After talks with Taliban has failed, President Ghani got disillusioned with Pakistan and relations with India are on upward spiral. USA also actively supporting Indian participation in fostering a stable, prosperous, secure Afghanistan.

New Delhi kept itself for providing only Humanitarian aid and good will diplomacy to Afghanistan. It refrained from providing any lethal weapons. The situation is changing now and India has supplied Mi 25 helicopters. Afghan Army chief also visited New Delhi and requested for a greater military support from India. It mean that India is becoming a net security provider in the neighbourhood. But the challenges remain

  1. Political instability and sectarian violence in Afghanistan
  2. Advancing Taliban forces

At much a broader level, India is rising its arms exports to various countries like Vietnam,Nepal, Myanmar.


Caught in cross fire

Ceasefire agreement between India and Pakistan agreed  in 2003 became ineffective with repeated ceasefire violations.  It is worrisome to India as too many habitations are existing on its side close to International border and LoC. Added to this, lack of political interest and intervention to arrest the same is worrisome.


Perspective –

Case against a uniform Asylum law

Refugees and Asylum seekers are different in character. Asylum is a wider, general terms and all asylum seekers do need not be refugees. UN refugee convention of 1951 any individual Who is a victim of persecution on racial, religious, social or political grounds is a refugee. On the other hand, Asylum has no clear definition or defining criteria other than the willingness of a state to grant it.

So, India can make a clearly defined refugee law and it also shall keep the discretion to decide who shall be granted Asylum. Any  uniform asylum law would be counterproductive in long run and it can decrease political manoeuvrability.





  1. India can be a net security provider in the region and Beyond.
  2. Arms trade not only generates revenue but also shifts balance of power.


  1. AP and Telangana have topped on the ease of doing business Index released by the world bank. According to it, four of the least income states got listed in top 10ranks and is a welcome development.
  2. World banks is soon expected to rank world cities on the basis of ease of Living index. It is expected to be more comprehensive than ease of doing business index.


Question of the day

  1. Do you think can India  raise to be a net security provider in the region. Discuss the steps it need to take to achieve the same?

A)     india’s role as a ‘net maritime security provider’ in the region is not only its normative responsibility as a regional power, but is closely interwoven with the nation’s own economic growth and prosperity.

B)     Indian maritime military strategy 2015 document clearly states Securing seas for nations economic prosperity.

C)     Indeed, there is “strong empirical support for the proposition that a country’s growth rate depends not only on domestic investment but also on the investment of its neighbouring countries”.

D)     At Shangri la dialogue 2009, defence secretary of USA Robert gates has clearly said that USA looks India to be a net security provider in the Indian Ocean and Beyond.

E)      Prime Minister ManMohan Singh in 2013 stated that India’s access to high end technology keeps it well positioned to be a net security provider in immediate Neighbourhood and beyond.

F)      India is providing for capacity building of neighbours through generous credit lines – patrol vessels, coastal surveillance radars are supplied to Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Myanmar and Vietnam.

G)     Regional capability enhancement – conduct of Hydrographic studies, airborne EEZ-surveillance to counter maritime crime such as illegal immigration, human-trafficking, Illegal, Unreported and Unregulated (IUU) Fishing, and piracy. Beneficiaries include vulnerable Indian Ocean nation-states such as Sri Lanka, Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Myanmar, Vietnam, etc.

H)     Indian Ocean Naval symposium - IONS is the current century’s first robust and inclusive regional maritime-security organisational structure within the Indian Ocean. It was launched by New Delhi in 2008 with active participation of very nearly all 37 littoral nations of the Indian Ocean region at the level of their respective Chiefs of Navy/Heads of national maritime forces.


  1. Development of domestic military Industrial complex
  2. Chinese growing assertiveness in Indian Ocean 


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