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My Notes 03 Nov 2016 03-11-2016

Dear Students:

Please Follow My Notes and My Video 03 November 2016

https://www.civilsprep.com/upsc-ias-the-hindu-and-indian-express-current-affairs-03-november-2016-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-3-2-2-2-2-2/

 

A tale of two Americas

Thirty years of time has created a great divide in America and its citizens. These are economical, political  and psychological. It is quite reflected in the present elections. During these thirty years, Globalization has led to increased income inequalities in USA. Middle class got worst affected due to rise in fixed services costs. Outsourcing industry, migration from developing countries are cited as the reasons by many Americans.

If we track these 30 years period in India, it coincides with post reform phase. There are inequalities rising everywhere. Income inequalities, regional inequalities, rural urban divides have raised in this period. Middle class rising at a faster phase in India. Economic divides will definitely create a political impact and India can not stand as an exception.

 

Tight race in a divided country

Presidential election in USA is  becoming a close call between the contestants. But, people are divided like never before. Whoever comes to power , a lot of reconciliation is necessary for social mores. If bridges are not built,America can face a grave crisis situation. Americans has to realise that it s super power status is much related to its democracy, pluralism and it need to be safeguarded.

 

Green farms and clean air

In north India, burning of agricultural waste is a regular practise and is responsible for particulate matter pollution in the entire Indo Gangetic belt. In this scenario, many Governments have banned this exercise but with little impact. On the other side, production of power from biomass is demonstrated and is not reaching the grass root levels.

Burning residues add greenhouse gasesthat cause global warming, besides pollutants suchas carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrous oxide andsulphur dioxide that severely affect human health. If India can reach its own air quality standards for fine particulate matter from all sources, annual premature deaths can be cut by almost 10%.

So, an effort is necessary to make the technology reach to the bottom.

 

Perspective

Crushed by the cane lobby

In Maharashtra, there is an increasing growth of private sector mills in sugarcane Industry. At the same time many of the mills in cooperative sector are closing down. In contrast to common belief, it is shown that sugar mills in cooperative sector are more efficient and productive than private sector. Harvest and transport costs, sugar yields are proven to be efficient in cooperative sector.

 

On Parallel tracks

Contractualisation  of workforce Is phenomenal after LPG reforms. In the ocean of labour force in India, permanent workers form only a minuscule part. They have no social security and income security. Their salaries are low compared to permanent workers. In this scenario, Supreme Court also held that denial of equal pay for equal work for contractual employees is an exploitative enslavement.

Other than this, contractual employees are not part of the formal trade unions and they have no bargaining power. As they are employed by a contractor they enjoy no direct contact with real employer.

Contractual employees are also been engaged in core production activities. As per contract Labour(regulation and Abolition) act, 1970 contractual labour shall not be employed for perennial production work, that is in core production.

On the worst side, permanent workers are also not interested in allowing them to be part of their unions as it decreases their say and Numerical strength in unions.

 

Reports /Examples – Nil

 

News –

  1. Government of India is developing a National data registry with information from all sources – academic, state and private agencies. Meta data stored will be converted into actionable data after verification. Department of science and technology is a nodal agency for the same.

 Survey of India is the foremost authority on different kinds of maps. A registry would serve as a check on quality of data.

  1. Fisherman talks end in stalemate –

Problem – depletion of fishing resources on Indian continental shelf is leading Indian fisherman in to srilankan territorial waters. Srilankan fisherman complain that Advanced equipment like trawlers, gill nets is leading to depletion of resources. Added to this, bottom trawling practiced by Indian fisherman is destructive of sea floor- a natural habitat for fish breeding.

The present round of talks between India and srilanka fisherman ended in stalemate.

 

Question of the day

  1. Access to collective bargaining is an  important tool in the armour of working class. But, it appears weakening in India. Identify the reasons and suggest legal remedies for the same. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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