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My Notes 16-Feb-2017 16-02-2017

Dear Students:

Please Follow My Notes and My Video 16-Feb-2017


The devil is in the fine print – Yogendra yadav

2016-17 Budget announces for a series of electoral reforms. These include

  1. Cash donations to political parties are reduced to 2000rs/person in a year. Previously it was 20,000rs.
  2. Political parties are entitled to receive donations by cheque or digital form form their donors.
  3. New scheme of electoral bonds are proposed.
  4. Every political party shall file for annual returns in fixed time frame to enjoy tax exemption.

In this, 2 and 4 points are not new and are already existing. If first point is observed it is not  discouraging anonymous disclosures. Existing limit of rs 20,000 on anonymous donation as per section 23 of RPA still continues. It only has added a clause related to limiting  cash donations from one source to 2000rs.

EC proposed recommendations in this case are to impose a ceiling on maximum amount that can be received through cash donations and anonymous sources. It proposed that no party shall be allowed to receive more than rs20cr or 20% of its overall donations from anonymous sources.  Lack of these makes political parties to write down few more entries in their records.


Electoral bonds can promote for quid pro quo. According to this anyone who wants to pay for a party can buy electoral bonds and it can only be cashed in to designated accounts of political parties. Here, information on who is buying electoral bonds from a bank is not reported and they can be anonymously given to political parties and they do not know where they have received it from. In Income returns, buyer of the bonds takes tax exemptions. IT will not know which party it is been paid for. This secrecy will make it easy for political parties to source their illegal cuts through electoral bonds.Business can gain the benefits for the same.


ISRO sets the bar high – PSLV 37

ISRO has placed 104 satellites in orbit through its trusted engine PSLV. Among these India has a cartosat 2 and two their nano satellites. All the other satellites belong to foreign countries.

This mission is also a technology demonstrator for ISRO and is a credible player in space business. The biggest advantage ISRO has is the cost factor. It sends satellites less than 1/10th of the cost of NASA.

ISRO also has demonstrated a new class of satellites called ISRO nano satellites and it can pave way for educational development and research in India.


The foul air we breathe

State of Global air study -2017 states the level of pollution we possess in the country. Particulate matter 2.5 is highest in is majorly generated from burning of agri residues, thermal power plants, Diesel engines and construction related work.


So, It can only be reduced through diverting farmers from burning agricultural residue and distributing technology that converts agri reside in to biofuel and compost.



Time to Break in India – IPR

  1. Intellectual property framework is based on 15th century Venetian model. It need to be changed to the present day circumstances.
  2. Taken the capacity deficit at patent offices across the world, Invalidity rate is very high. As artificial intelligence is rising understanding a patent itself becomes complicated. In  short,  patents  breed  uncertainty  of an order that is far  more significant than most  other  legal  instruments,  and  are terribly  inefficient even on their own internal  economic  logic. So, Innovation need to be encouraged through alternative methods rather than using Patents.

Afew good  officers

If rule of law has o prevail in the country following are the prerequisites.

  1. Autonomy to investigative officers.
  2. Strengthening of prosecution machinery.
  3. Digitalisation of documents. It helps us to depend on documentary evidence rather than Oral evidence.

Planning for the people

Parastatal bodies are given the responsibility to prepare master plans for cities in India. Master plans in India are mostly spatial and static in nature and they do not integrate designs of transport, water and energy networks in the city.

74th Amendment act has recommended for metropolitan planning committee for cities with population greater than 10lakhs. Added to this, urban planning, regulation of land use, planning for economic and social development are the part of 12th schedule of the constitution. There is no effort to delegate the functions to democratically elected municipal bodies. Unless it is done, public participation stands to be minimal in planning process.





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