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My Notes 17-Feb-2017 17-02-2017

Dear Dtudents:

Please Follow My Notes and My Video 17-Feb-2017

http://laex.in/civilsprep/upsc-ias-the-hindu-and-indian-express-current-affairs-17-feb-2017-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2/

Editorial

  1. 1.      Jugaad jurisprudence, the Tamil Nadu way

Composite floor test was allowed by Supreme Court under exceptional circumstances in UP in 1998. Two chief ministers Jagadambika Pal and Kalyan singh were sworn in and MLAs were given an opportunity to choose one from them.

Parliamentary procedures or constitution do not speak of composite floor test. It was a Judicial innovation.

In Tamil Nadu case composite floor test is not advised for the following reasons.

  1. Chief minister Panneerselvam has officially resigned and there is no takin back of resignation once accepted.
  2. Party MLAs have clearly chosen their legislative party leader and governor is obliged to call him.

Change of guard

Office of chief minister shall function in welfare of the people rather than seen guided by people convicted by law. Loss of trust in constitutional offices can endanger the democracy itself.

 

  1. 2.      The Bumps Ahead

India is facing following challenges on economic front

  1. Decreasing private investments
  2. Drop in manufacturing output and consumer demand
  3. Rise in prices.

Rise in prices can create a spiral of weak demand leading to further fall in production and investments. So, Government shall step in to reign rise in prices. It helps Monetary policy to ficus on growth.

 

  1. 3.      Revenge of America’s deep state

USA – Russia resetting of relations under president Trump is seeing a lot of opposition from security establishment. President opposition to NATO and his inclination to have deep ties with Russia and a proposal for a common fight on ISIS sis not go well with security establishment. Selective leakage of information on NSA Flynn by the intelligence agencies is an outcome of this.

 

  1. 4.      Should elections be state-funded?

State funding of elections :It refers to state providing necessary funds for the political parties and contesting candidates in electioneering.

State funding of political parties: It refers to state funding activities  of political parties irrespective of elections.

Arguments

  1. Black Money dominates election scenario in India and is the primary source of

Corruption. It also create entry barriers to fresh entrants in to politics to contest. So, steps shall be taken to curb black money and to  infuse white money in to it. State funding of elections provides one such opportunity to infuse white money in to the system.

  1. Black money is responsible for centralisations and  lack of internal democracy in political parties. It makes Candidates contesting elections to depend on finances flowing  from party and party expects unquestioned loyalties from the individual.

 

Counter argument :

  1. State funding of elections do not eliminate the role of private funding. If private funding to political Parties is banned it goes against principle of democracy. In democracy, every citizen has the right to support a party that identifies with his world view.
  2. It is difficult to identify a criteria to allocate state funds.

 

Way forward

Fight shall be on both the fronts. That is curtailing flow of black Money and spread of clean Money in to electoral system.

  1. S Y Qureshi, former election commissioner of India suggests that state funding of political parties shall be better idea than restricting funding to elections. It is better implementable. Funds shall be flown in to this through National election fund – A fund created through corporate and other private donations.
  2. A study Political Finance Regulations around the world by the institute of democracy and electoral assistance states that 71 countries have funding of elections based on the votes obtained by a political party. Mr. Yogendra yadav recommends for  similar system in India.
  3. Identity of every donor to every political party irrespective of the amount donated must be in public domain and all the expenditures of political parties shall be audited by CAG.

 

  1. 5.      Story of a controversial ordinance

The Enemy Property (Amendment and Validation) Ordinancehas been promulgated many times.

After the wars againstChina in 1962 and Pakistan in 1965 and 1971, property belonging to the nationals of these two countries was taken over by the Union government under the Defence of India Acts. Later, the Enemy Property Act, 1968 was passed to vest all such Immovable  and movable property in a ‘Custodian’. Such properties today amount to lakhs of crores of rupees.

SC ruled in 2005 that the custodian do not have any title and is only a trustee managing it. It means that legal heirs of the property if are Indian citizens  can get control over the same.  aGovernment of India passed an Ordinance to overcome this. 

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