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My Notes 22-Feb-2017 22-02-2017

Dear Students:

Please Follow My Notes and My Video 22-Feb-2017


Representative politics is a system where elected elders make rules for collective living. It is legitimate authority as people gave them the power to do so.

Democracy is the contract by which we voluntarily agree to follow the rules created by a group of people whom we elect. The other direction of the contract is that the politicians not only make rules that benefit the citizens but also communicate the intention behind those rules in clear terms. When these intentions are left ambiguous, social conflicts arise since individuals and groups interpret the intentions behind rules to suit their interests, leading to the failure of the democratic contract.

Today, failure of democratic politics to create collective social rues is giving a way for fringe groups to define our identity. Before State and larger society  did this task and now it is time to revitalise them.


Necessary limit

Remember these words

  1. Cost regulation in a market economy may curtail innovation. But, if has to be chosen between public welfare and individual profit Government shall weight towards the former. Health and education are two important sector where it applies.
  2. Government also has to fulfil its responsibility towards universal health coverage.profit oriented markets can never achieve universality. So, Government if can increase expenditure on procurement of medicines by .5% of GDP, it will decrease out of pocket expenditure for most of the Indians on health by 2/3rd.
  3. Over treatment is another major issue in India. Use regulation,public health standards need to be developed.


Amnesty faults sedition law

Amnesty International’sState of the World’s HumanRights Report 2016-17 has ex-pressed concern over a range of human rights violations in India. The major focus is on FCRA, sedition law and attacks on Journalists and civil society groups by state and non state actors.


India, Rwanda sign aviation, visa deals

India and Rwanda has signed three MoUs related to aviation, visa norms, Tourism and  setting up of an entrepreneurial development centre in Rwanda during Vice President Hamid Ansari visit.


Points of interest

  1. Paul Kagame’s governance model  had helped Rwanda become one of the cleanest, most well-run states in the region.
  2. the re-conciliation of various groups, to be conscious of a colonial policy of divide and rule and to try and overcome it, and how they are over-coming ethnic majoritarianism by concentrating on a shared linguistic and cultural heritage. Are important learnings for the world.



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