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My Notes 04-March-2017 04-03-2017

Dear Students:

Please Follow My Notes and My Video 04-March-2017

War, state and martyrdom

Modern states are not infallible. They fail and they are managed by people. If history is observed states have waged wars for power, to divert the attention of citizens from domestic issues, to gain loyalty of a citizens towards a changed leadership.

State and its institutions are controlled by powerful vested interests. Many of the vested interests have a benefit if nations are at war. For instance, private defence industry in USA gained immensely from instabilities existing across the world. Ruling classes historically got benefitted from the wars and they glorify wars for political gains.

War has always led to suffering and huge costs to the economy. In a democracy, popular resistance, reasoned debates and peace building will check states willingness to go for war.

So, Modern states need institutions, better leadership and innovative tools for conflict resolution. This helps in bringing in a solutions to long established problems.


The road to china is through Kabul

China and India have a common trouble in Afghanistan. It s instability, resurgence of Taliban and entry of Islamic state can lead to spillover of terrorism in neighbourhood. China is already feeling the impact of instability in its xinjiang region. Uighursare developing a relationship with Islamic state. Added to this, stability in the region is important for success of the chinas belt and road initiative. In this context, India and China has signed a restructured strategic dialogue which also emphasises on cooperation in matters related to Afghanistan. India shall explore these possibilities on regional cooperation.

But critical differences still stay. They are

  1. China still emphasises Pakistan is more important than a regional approach to fight terrorism.
  2. China is differentiating among Taliban as good and Bad and it is not in alignment with India.

Crossing a bridge

Indus water treaty

Indus water treaty was mediated by world bank and is cited as a best example across the world for river water sharing. According to the agreement, a permanent Indus commission was appointed and it has been regularly meeting irrespective of tensions between the countries. But, recent incidences of terrorism have made India to decide not to participate in the commission. Finally, world bank mediation has led India to accept Pakistan Invitation to participate in the dialogue.



  1. UN access to medicine report : USA pharma industry lobby did not allow for discussion on the said report.
  2. Gahirmatha beach in Orissa is one of the worlds largest nesting ground for Olive Ridleys. Decrease in Nesting space is the major concern for the protection of thee endangered species.



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