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My Notes 08-March-2017 08-03-2017

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Please Follow My Notes and My Video 08-March-2017


No Economy for women

In India Labour participation rate for women is decreasing and it is in contrast to the global trends. The major reasons for this are declining farm sizes, rising mechanisation and decreasing labour demands in Agriculture.

Situation of educated Urban women are no different. Right work environment, lack of family friendly work institutions, long distances from work and home, prioritisation of child rearing over personal career growth in Indian families are considered as reasons for low labour participation rate among Urban women.

In this scenario, two important social and economic changes that can be recommended are

  1. Improving access : in view of shrinking farm work, India shall create opportunities for women to move from agricultural to non agricultural work. Increased availability of wage work also enhances women s control over household decision making.
  2. Sharing of Burden : social attitudes towards family work sharing has to be changed. Man shall share household chores and caring for children.

In conclusion, it can be stated that India shall plan itself to get benefitted from gender dividend.


How to tame our forest fires

India has a blanket implementation of no fire forest policy. This one size fits all approach is not in alignment with Indias forest diversity. Ecological information and traditional knowledge shows that frequent, low intensity forest fires can decrease the growth of lantana, a reason for major forest fires.


Sparks in tinder box

Korean Peninsula is a nuclear flash point to the world. North Koreas recent testing of missiles close to Japanese coastline is a clear provocation and is a teat to USA-Japan, South Korea relations.

Failure of the international community is to bring North Korea to negotiation table. Six party talks got derailed during president Obamas tenure and did not come on track again. No country including china appears to have hold on North Korean leadership.

Added to this, USA reaction to deploy THAAD missile defence systems is Korean Peninsula on the request of South Korea is also destabilising. China and Russia have already expressed concerns. So, de escalation shall be the priority for all parties in Korean Peninsula.


Audit – latest developments on the Audit front in India.

  1. CAG has taken audit of private telcos as ordered by the Supreme court. It reiterates the point that wherever public resources are being used by private companies for revenue generation, CAG have a duty to examine as to ensure Government is getting its due share or not. Kelkar committee on PPP also recommended for expanded role for CAG to audit PPP.
  2. Environment audits are also being conducted by CAG. Ex – report on Kaziranga National park.
  3. Big data is playing a revolutionary role in audit process. CAG has already brought in a data management policy in alignment with this. Leveraging technology in audit has become important in audit functioning.


Srilanka fisherman issue – source IDSA

Both Indian and Sri Lankan fishermen have been fishing into Palk Bay area for centuries. Problem emerged only after a maritime agreement was signed by India and Sri Lanka in 1974. In fact, initially the 1974 border agreement did not affect fishing on either sides of the border. In 1976, through an exchange of letter, both India and Sri Lanka agreed to stop fishing in each other’s waters. However, the agreement could not stop the fishermen from fishing in these waters, as fishermen know no boundary. They go wherever they can get maximum number of catch. They, knowingly or unknowingly, often violate the International Maritime Boundary Lines in search of a good catch, at times at great personal risk. 

Both India and Sri Lankan fishermen have been known for entering into each other’s waters. However, cases of arrest of Sri Lankan fishermen by Indian authorities are comparatively less since they mostly fish in the high seas by using multi-day crafts. On the other hand, due to the dearth of multi-day fishing capability, Indian fishermen cannot shift their fishing effort from the Palk Bay area to the offshore areas of the Indian waters or way beyond the continental shelf. Therefore, Indian fishermen have no other option but to fish into the Sri Lankan waters. While for the Sri Lankan authorities protecting their maritime boundary is important, for the Indian fishermen the priority is of securing their livelihood. 

It is noteworthy that despite the signing of maritime boundary agreements, fishermen communities of both the countries continued their fishing in the Palk Bay area peacefully until the Eelam war broke out in 1983. Nonetheless, after the end of War in 2009, the Sri Lankan fishermen have been raising their objection to Indian fishermen fishing in their waters. According to an estimate, more than 500 trawlers from Tamil Nadu cross the International Maritime Boundary Line and fish in the Sri Lankan side of the Palk Bay, threatening the livelihoods of the fishermen in the north of Sri Lanka, who have just commenced fishing after the end of war in 2009.
Thus, the main problem with Indian fishermen is that a large number of them are dependent on fishing in Sri Lankan waters, which is prohibited by the 1976 Maritime Boundary Agreement. Also, a large number of Indian fishermen are dependent on trawling which is banned in Sri Lanka.




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