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My Notes and My Video 31-March-2017 30-11--0001

Dear students

Please follow my notes and my video date 31-Mar-2017

https://youtu.be/kAG4IWYzwaw

Article :  It’s time for Africa

Context : recent racial attacks agains African students in Noida

Questions to think: how Shall India fight racism ?

Notes : Racism against African students in India shows deep rooted stereotypes in Indian culture. Indians with their preference for whiteness and their total lack of information and exposure to African culture and heritage can be cited as the major reason. The way froward over here is better engaging. An orientation to African students coming to India and familiarising Indians to African culture and values will be helpful.

Indian establishment, especially police force need to be sensitised to the problems of African Americans.

Words to remember : stereotyping

Carry home points: Engaging is Knowing

 

Article : Say No to westing House

Context : Westing House recently filed for Bankruptcy.

Questions to think:  Why India shall stop Moving forward with Westing house?

Notes :

westing house is expected to supply 6 Nuclear reactors AP 1000 to India. It has recently filed for Bankruptcy  and it may not be advisable for india to go ahead with deal worth of $7bn. The reasons include

1.      Westing House has no proven record of supplying reactors on time. No the situation can become worse.

2.      Financial / loans form ExIm bank of USA  can become difficult.

3.      Cost of the reactors is prohibitively expensive. It is 3 times the PHWR of  India.

4.      Not a single reactor is operational as on today to assess its safety.

 

Words to remember: Bankruptcy

Carry home points: it is not viable for India to go ahead with westing house reactors.

 

 

Article : A clean Up act

Context : SC has recommended for automobile manufacturers to shift to BSIV models from 1st Apr 2017.

Questions to think:  How BSIV are better than BSIII Models.

Notes :

SC has clearly stated that health ofCitizens shall be a primacy over the commercial interests of automobile companies. By Apr01,2020 India is expected to enter in to BSVI. It is expected to improve air quality in urban areas,

Words to remember : Bharat stage IV

Carry home points: Auto fuel policy came two years back has set a road map for India to convert itself in to BSVI by 2020.

 

Article : NextstepsonGST

Context : GST is expected to role out in india from July2017.

Questions to think: What are the concerns of industry on GST?

Notes :GST is on a fast pace for a roll out. But few of the industry concerns are still not addressed. These are

1.      Anti profiteering clauses in GST has no clarity.

2.      There is a huge difference between Highest GST rate and maximum allowed GST rate.

3.      Now, Every branch office is expected to register separately in each state and treating all transactions between related parties as taxable is not convenient for business.

 

Words to remember :

Carry home points: GST council shall address the genuine concerns of Industry.

 

Article : Is Aadhar a breach of privacy?

Pros : Aadhar allows for Mass surveillance in the place of targeted surveillance. Targeted surveillance can be essential for national security. Same is not the case with mass surveillance. It can effect the freedoms of citizens. So, in the place of a centralised database, decentralised databases and smart card rather than bio metric can be a better solution.

Counter argument : Aadhar has followed the principle of privacy by design. It is based on a premise that

1.      IT project shall be designed with privacy in Mind.

2.      Only minimal data shall be collected.

3.      Clear restrictions exist in Aadhar on data sharing,

4.      UIDAI will only know logs of authentication and not the purpose of authentication.

5.      UIDAI also has also built a facility to lock Aadhar Number.

So, the solution is Aadhar is necessary but India also needs a robust data privacy and data protection law.

 

 

 

Article :  It’s time for Africa

Context : recent racial attacks agains African students in Noida

Questions to think: how Shall India fight racism ?

Notes : Racism against African students in India shows deep rooted stereotypes in Indian culture. Indians with their preference for whiteness and their total lack of information and exposure to African culture and heritage can be cited as the major reason. The way froward over here is better engaging. An orientation to African students coming to India and familiarising Indians to African culture and values will be helpful.

Indian establishment, especially police force need to be sensitised to the problems of African Americans.

Words to remember : stereotyping

Carry home points: Engaging is Knowing

 

Article : Say No to westing House

Context : Westing House recently filed for Bankruptcy.

Questions to think:  Why India shall stop Moving forward with Westing house?

Notes :

westing house is expected to supply 6 Nuclear reactors AP 1000 to India. It has recently filed for Bankruptcy  and it may not be advisable for india to go ahead with deal worth of $7bn. The reasons include

1.      Westing House has no proven record of supplying reactors on time. No the situation can become worse.

2.      Financial / loans form ExIm bank of USA  can become difficult.

3.      Cost of the reactors is prohibitively expensive. It is 3 times the PHWR of  India.

4.      Not a single reactor is operational as on today to assess its safety.

 

Words to remember: Bankruptcy

Carry home points: it is not viable for India to go ahead with westing house reactors.

 

 

Article : A clean Up act

Context : SC has recommended for automobile manufacturers to shift to BSIV models from 1st Apr 2017.

Questions to think:  How BSIV are better than BSIII Models.

Notes :

SC has clearly stated that health ofCitizens shall be a primacy over the commercial interests of automobile companies. By Apr01,2020 India is expected to enter in to BSVI. It is expected to improve air quality in urban areas,

Words to remember : Bharat stage IV

Carry home points: Auto fuel policy came two years back has set a road map for India to convert itself in to BSVI by 2020.

 

Article : NextstepsonGST

Context : GST is expected to role out in india from July2017.

Questions to think: What are the concerns of industry on GST?

Notes :GST is on a fast pace for a roll out. But few of the industry concerns are still not addressed. These are

1.      Anti profiteering clauses in GST has no clarity.

2.      There is a huge difference between Highest GST rate and maximum allowed GST rate.

3.      Now, Every branch office is expected to register separately in each state and treating all transactions between related parties as taxable is not convenient for business.

 

Words to remember :

Carry home points: GST council shall address the genuine concerns of Industry.

 

Article : Is Aadhar a breach of privacy?

Pros : Aadhar allows for Mass surveillance in the place of targeted surveillance. Targeted surveillance can be essential for national security. Same is not the case with mass surveillance. It can effect the freedoms of citizens. So, in the place of a centralised database, decentralised databases and smart card rather than bio metric can be a better solution.

Counter argument : Aadhar has followed the principle of privacy by design. It is based on a premise that

1.      IT project shall be designed with privacy in Mind.

2.      Only minimal data shall be collected.

3.      Clear restrictions exist in Aadhar on data sharing,

4.      UIDAI will only know logs of authentication and not the purpose of authentication.

5.      UIDAI also has also built a facility to lock Aadhar Number.

So, the solution is Aadhar is necessary but India also needs a robust data privacy and data protection law.

 

 

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