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My Notes 13-April-2017 30-11--0001

Dear Students,

please Follow My Notes and My Video 13-April-2017.


  1. 1.       Ending Nuclear lawlessness

Nuclear weapons have got an enlarged significance during Cold War era. Mutually assured destruction is a doctrine that prevailed as a strategic balance between the major countries.

Collapse of USSR, end of Cold War era and increasing threats from Non state actors needs a relook at Nuclear weapons. So, an effort shall be made to ban the nuclear weapons and it is based on the premise that all countries deserve equal security.

Nuclear disarmament framework as of today differentiated Nuclear haves and Nuclear have nots. This differentiation shall end. The language of privilege and entitlement has no place in today s world. In this context international treaty to ban nuclear weapons declares that it is illegal to produce, possess, stockpile, deploy, threaten to use or use nuclear weapons. Nuclear haves are having objections to it.

Vienna conference in 2014 on humanitarian impact of nuclear weapons adopted a historic resolution to negotiate a legally binding treaty to prohibit nuclear weapons leading towards total elimination.

1961UN General Assembly resolutionthat declared: “Any state using nuclear and thermonuclear weaponsis to be considered as violating theCharter of the United Nations, asacting contrary to the laws of humanity, and as committing a crimeagainst mankind and civilization.” International court of Justice has issued an advisory opinion on use of nuclear weapons an stated that the threat or use ofnuclear weapons would generallybe contrary to the rules of International law applicable in armed conflict, and in particular the principles and rules of humanitarianlaw.”

So, the way forward is to bring in a ban treaty on nuclear weapons.

  1. 2.       Powering India-Nepal ties

Nepal is a power deficit Nation and has-power surplus. Nepal needs to import power to accelerate economic growth. India and Nepal are in negotiations on electricity trade and Joint projects for many years with out any success.

India and Nepal signed a power trade agreement that has opened doors for Nepal to indian power market. But, Building hydropower projects and transmission infrastructure is highly investment intensive. Without a stable,long-term conducive policy and aninstitutional environment in place, cross border electricity trade can not flourish.

  1. In a safer lane

Motor vehicles act is passed by loksabha and it provides for guidelines that bind state governments in several areas, they are

  1. Creatinga framework for taxicab aggregators,
  2. financing insurance to treat the injured and to compensate families ofthe dead in hit-and-run cases,
  3. prescribing standards forelectronically monitoring highways and urban roads for enforcement and
  4. modernizing driver licensing.
  5. Protection for good samaritans from unnecessary harassment.

Study : IIT Delhi’sRoad Safety in India report of 2015 points out, the deterrent effect of law depends on the severity and swift-ness of penalties, but also the perception that the possibility of being caught for violations is high. The amendments to the MV Act set enhanced penalties for several offenses,

Another crisis

Nepal has initiated a constitutional process 9 years back and second constitution assembly is also put in place with little progress. Though 2nd constitution assembly has put in place a constitution it is been opposed by Madhesis from very Beginning. Their Major demands are

  1. Redrawing of provincial boundaries.
  2. Recognition of local languages as national.
  3. Equal citizenship rights irrespective of marriage alliances.

The present Government has appointed a commission and made some concessions to madhesis but Madhesis are still stick to their maximalist position and are boycotting elections. Local elections are essential to Nepal to put in much needed administrative presence.

Op Ed

Passage with out scrutiny

The Budget session of parliament has passed 4 important laws with out much discussion. They are

  1. The specified bank notes(cessation of liabilities) bill
  2. Enemy property bill
  3. Finance bill
  4. GST bills

These bills are not referred to select committees and are not properly debated in to.  On the other hand Mental health care bill and Motor vehicles amendment bill passed by loksabha has incorporated recommendations of the committees. So, India also shall shift to the British Model where every bill goes through the committee stage before it is put for voting in the house.

India’s Epic dilemma

Indian stories are richest when they are read as ethical texts, not as ideological guides. Ethics involve a debate and provides alternatives. On the other hand ideologies provide an end destination with clear signposts. If we see our epics as ethical texts rather than ideologies an healthy debate sets in.


  1. Aadhaar robust; the poor have no complaints about it’
  2. Centre files curative plea on AFSPA : Sc held that every death caused by security forces in a disturbed area need to be inquired in to to address any allegations of use of excessive or retaliatory force.  Government has filed a curative plea on the judgement.
  3. Petrol, diesel prices to be fixed daily as per changes in international markets.
  4. Hold fiscal deficit at 3% - NK singh panel – Panel recommendations Are
    1. Hold fiscal deficit at 3%
    2. An escape clause : The panel has introduced anescape clause that allows the government to skip the fiscaldeficit target for a particular year, in situations that include national security concerns, acts of war, nationalcalamities, a collapse of theagriculture sector and far-reaching structural reformswith unanticipated fiscalimplications. It can also trigger if economic growth falls by three percentage points in last four quarters.
    3. Buoyancy clause : fiscal deficit must fall at least .5% below the target if real output grows 3% faster than the average.
    4. Panel recommended for creation of a fiscal council that Government must consult before invoking an escape clause.




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