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My Notes 01-July-2017 01-07-2017

Dear Students,

Please Follow My Notes and My Video 01-July-2017.

http://laex.in/civilsprep/upsc-ias-the-hindu-and-indian-express-current-affairs-01-july-2017/

Editorial
For a more representative house
The following areas needs an urgent attention to improve the quality of representation in our legislative houses.
Productivity – Number of days parliament is in session is decreasing. In 1960’s it was for an average of 120 days in a year and in 2016, it is only 70 days. On one side complexity of legislative work is increasing but time spent is decreasing. In comparison, British House of Commons has met for an average of 150 days a year and US House of Representatives for 140 days. So, parliament has to meet for minimum mandated number of days. NCRWC recommended that it shall be 120 and 100 days respectively for Lok sabha and rajya Sabha.
Quality of legislation – parliamentary legislation is often hasty and is rushed through in an adhoc and haphazard manner. Situation in the states is much worse. Private member bills are not getting due attention and debate. India need a systemic approach for legislative engineering and prioritization. A constitution committee can be appointed to look in to the matters related to constitutional amendments proposed.
Freedom of speech for MPs. There are many instruments like anti defection law, whip issued by the political parties that are acting as hinderances for free speech of MPs. The Anti-Defection Act needs to be recast, and used only in the most exceptional circumstances, while allowing MPs free rein on their self-expression. The U.K., for example, has the concept of a free vote allowing MPs to vote as they wish on particular legislative items.
Research support for MPs. – Most of the MPs have limited or no research support. So, expert advice is missing. LARRDIS( Parliament’s Library and reference, research, documentation and information service) is understaffed and no funds are allocated for parliamentarians to hire necessary research support.
Improvements in budget scrutiny process – An institutionalized process is necessary to raise quality and rigour associated with budget. India needs a parliamentary budget office akin to the USA congressional budget office.
Women representation - India has lowest women representation in legislative houses. It has never crossed 12%. Women reservation bill needs urgent attention.

Entering the age of GST – India has entered in to GST which is considered as the biggest tax reform. It is been expected to create a unified market, one single tax across the country. On the other side, many complexities are still remaining.
Petroleum - Most important product for economy is kept outside GST.
With multiple rates, it is not a simple tax. Added to this, It can give scope for lobbying and will put an additional burden on administration, compliance cost on customer.
Anti profiteering clause is difficult to implement and can lead to tax terrorism.
In the short term disruptive effects of GST may be visible. In the long run it can benefit economy, reduce inflation, decreases tax evasion and lowers cost of transactions.
If real estate is also included with in a reasonable time frame it can help in fighting black money.

News
Goods and services tax is launched.
Border stand off : India warns of serious impact.
Indian border infrastructure – situation did not improve as expected. Mountain striking corps are reduced from 3 divisions to 2 divisions.

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