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My Notes 02-SEP-2017 02-09-2017

Dear Students,

Please follow My Notes and My Video 02-SEP-2017.

https://laex.in/civilsprep/upsc-ias-the-hindu-and-indian-express-current-affairs-2-september-2017-2-2-2-2-2-2-2-2/

News

  1. Centre to take steps to promote NavIC - NavIC is an operational name for the Indian regional Navigation satellite system, that provides global position services for India beyond. Centre has established an innovation facility at IIT Hyderabad to develop necessary chip technology.
  2. SC to hear Rohingya plea for help : Sc of India agreed to hear an urgent plea of rohingyas on their deportation plan by centre.
  3. Concern in Colombo over delay in Indian projects
  4. Kenya’s Supreme Court annuals presidential vote :
  5. India’s growth will rebound to 7% - 7.5%
  6. Switzerland for early India-EFTA pact - Switzerland has proposed for an early conclusion of free trade agreement between India and European free trade association consisting of Iceland, Norway and Liechtenstein.

 

Editorial

Unending slowdown -

Indian economic growth has reached a 13 quartet low of 5.7% in April-June. The factors stated are GST related inventory de accumulation by traders. So, industrial output is expected to be revived in this quarter once confusion surrounding GST settles down. But, industrial Outlook survey conducted by RBI shows that capacity utilization, profit margins and employment generation are not up to the expectation. So, a strong policy and investment measures are necessary to bring back momentum. So, pump priming economy can be considered.

On the other side, vibrant services sector is a positive sign.

 

(Understand the meaning of Pump Priming of economy)

 

A Blind Eye

Any democracy that fails to secure the interests of minorities will ultimately transform itself to be totalitarian. In Countries like Myanmar, a nascent democracy can take roots only if equality, rule of law and respect for rights exists. Koti Annan committee - an advisory commission on Rakhine state, headed by former UN Secretary General has clearly recommended for citizenship rights to Rohingyas, freedom of movement and enforcement of rule of law.

Ongoing atrocities against Rohingyas in Rakhine state goes against to it. State Indifference to violence is aiding to the problems of a Rohingyas.

 

To clear the path Ahead

Supreme Court of India judgement declaring Talaq e bida as unconstitutional is an historic one. It can be considered as the beginning of process of reforms in Muslim Personal law.

The Judgement of the court is based on the following constitutional observations

  1. ShariatAct was a law made by the legislature before the Constitutioncame in force, it would fall withinthe expression “laws in force” inArticle 13(3)(b), and would be hitby Article 13(1) if found to be inconsistent with Part III of the Constitution, to the extent of the inconsistency.
  2. As Talaq-e-bida allows for Muslim man to break the marriage capriciously and whimsically, it is manifestly arbitrary and violative of Art 14 of the constitution. It gives no right for the women to initiative the process of divorce.
  3. the whole purpose of theShariat Act was to declare Shariahas the “rule of decision”, any practice that goes against the Shariahcannot be legally protected. Talaq-e-bid’a falls outside theShariah be-cause it goes against its primarysource, the Koran. Therefore, whatis bad in theology is bad in law aswell.  

 

Now the Government shall take following steps to properly implement the decision of the court.

  1. Shariat law can be amended to make it gender neutral.
  2. Mediation centres can be established across the country to help Muslim couples to amicably resolve their disputes.
  3. Education of Muslim masses that abolition of talaq-e-bida is not against the shariat and is closer to the principles of Islam. 

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