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Daily News Analysis 23-07-2014

DATE :23-07-14








UNSC demands unrestricted access to Ukraine crash site (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     MAF17 tragedy

b)     Palestine issue

c)     UNSC

d)     Veto power

a)     UNSC passed a resolution calling for international investigators to have free access to the crash site of Malaysian Airlines Flight 17 in Ukraine and also demanded a ceasefire in the area.

b)     Russia has been advised by several nations to check in the separatist groups thought to be behind the missile strike against the jetliner.

c)     Russia also joined other Security Council members in passing the resolution with a 15-0 vote despite having the power to veto the resolution.


A new beginning with Nepal (Page 8)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Nepal relations

b)     SAARC summit

c)     FDI

a)     A high-level Indian visit is long delayed after I.K. Gujral in 1997, only Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee has visited Nepal, in 2002 for a SAARC summit.

b)     From the hydel cooperation, three mega-projects Saptakosi with 5000MW, Karnali-Chisapani with 11000MW, and Pancheshwar with 6500MW have been declining for 30 years.

c)     From the trade ties, two-thirds of Nepals foreign trade is with India which also accounts for half of Nepals FDI.


Pressure on India, China to develop naval arsenals (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     India – China relations

b)     South China Sea

c)     Indian Ocean

d)     DRDO

e)     SLBM

f)     Arihant

a)     The battle for energy resources in South China Sea and Indian Ocean is making India and China to develop their naval weapons that have an important nuclear dimension.

b)     The gap in India capacity to launch a retaliatory second strike, following a nuclear attack, is set to be bridged with the integration of a Submarine Launched Ballistic Missile (SLBM) on the structure of the domestically developed Arihant nuclear submarine, which is set to undergo sea trials.

c)     China has fully developed its fourth-generation nuclear powered submarines, capable of targeting sea-going or land-based objects with torpedoes and missiles.


India, Sri Lanka must engage in strategic dialogue : Swamy (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     Indo – Lanka economic relations

a)     He said Sri Lanka govt voiced concerns about Islamic militants reportedly receiving training in Tamil Nadu, with financial support from Arabic countries and North America.

b)     It appears from sources that some people are not happy with normal pattern returning to Sri Lanka.

c)     He further discussed issues related to Indo-Lanka economic engagement.


Sushma off to Nepal on Friday (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Nepal relations

b)     SAARC summit

a)     She is expected to hold bilateral talks with Nepal counterparts as she attends the third Indo-Nepal Joint Commission meeting in Kathmandu and to prepare the ground for PM visit within a few months.

b)     During the visit, India and Nepal will discuss building more hydroelectric projects and Indias investment in infrastructure projects.

c)     Also she will speak about the SAARC summit due to be held in Nepal in November.


TRAI suggests 2400 crore plan for two island chains (Page 12)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     TRAI

b)     Andaman & Nicobar Islands

c)     Lakshadweep    

a)     TRAI recommended a 2400 crore project to connect Indias two major outlaying island chains Andaman & Nicobar Islands (ANI) and Lakshadweep with stable and strong cable-based networks to replace the satellite mode of transmission.

b)     TRAI noted that only 29 out of 576 islands in ANI are inhabited and 90 percent of the population lives on just three islands North, Middle and South Andaman Islands. And in Lakshadweep, 11 out 36 islands are inhabited.


As India consumes more and more maize, search on for better varieties (Page 18)

a)     Geography

a)     Maize crop regions

b)     Global warming

a)     The Global Maize Programme, an initiative of International Maize and Wheat Improvement Centre, is intensively proceeding the development of heat-stress  flexible, high-yielding and nutritionally enriched maize varieties in order to face the challenges of global warming and meet global demand for maize.

b)     With USAI, the CIMMYT has undertaken Heat Stress Resilient Maize for South Asia, a five-year project, for developing heat tolerant and high-yielding maize varieties specifically suitable for South Asian climatic conditions.

c)     A two degree Celsius increase in temperature reduces the maize yields by 13 percent. Changes in global climatic conditions have led to increased frequency of droughts.

d)     In India, 80 percent of the crop is used for feed and 20 percent is for consumption. The Production of maize needs to be doubled by 2050 to meet growing global demand.


EU may restrict genome editing of crops : Scientists (Page 9)

a)     S&T

a)     Genome editing

b)     Genetically Modified crops

c)     EU

a)     Genome editing is different to genetic modification, because it does not usually involve transplanting genes from one plant or species to another but on identifying the genetic modifications that would occur naturally through selective breeding.

b)     Some said Gene editing could offer an alternative to
GM that could be much more pleasant to consumers.

c)     GM crops are effectively banned in
Europe, and licences to experiment in GM are rare and very expensive.


Fewer girls-only families now, says UN report ( Page 1)

a)     National – Social

a)     Sex Ratio

b)     Census 2011

c)     UN reports

d)     Green Revolution

a)     UN reported that it is time to look at girls-only families, which are starting to disappear – there are only two percent of them in Haryana, Punjab and Rajasthan.

b)     The report says there is no doubt that present India is witnessing a highly gendered version of fertility decline in northwest India.

c)     It has appeared from northern and north-western India, regions which may be characterized as being in the wake of the Green Revolution and whose levels of welfare therefore require more careful calibration.


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