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Daily News Analysis 26-07-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

US flays India for not backing trade facilitation (Pages 1 and 13)

a)     I.R

a)     TFA

b)     Doha Round

c)     Bali Package

d)     WTO

a)     As India not accepted singing the Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA), the US warned that walking away from the unanimously agreed pact would have serious effects on the future Doha Round.

b)     India suggested that the adoption of TFA be postponed till satisfactory progress is made on the issue of funding permanent protection for Indias minimum support prices to farmers against the WTO subsidy caps that are benchmarked to food prices of 1980s.

c)     India pointed out that the developing countries had accepted the Bali package in good faith reassured by the renewed declaration of commitment to the Doha Development Agenda and its development dimensions.

2.

UN mission on LoC vital (Pages 1 and 12)

a)     I.R

a)     UNMOGIP

b)     UNPKF

c)     UNSC

d)     LOC

a)     Despite Indias objections to the UN observer mission at the Line of Control – UNMOGIP – visiting UN peacekeeping chief believes it must stay.

b)     He made it clear that the mission would remain in India until the UN Security Council removes its mandate that was established in 1948 after the first war over Kashmir.

c)     He further pointed out that after Bangladesh; India is largest contributor of soldiers and police personnel to the UN peacekeeping forces.

3.

Sushma in Nepal; joint panel meet today (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Nepal relations

b)     Hydropower project in Nepal

a)     The agenda includes exploring cooperation on economy, border and security issues, hydropower projects and arts and culture.

b)     Modi will address the Nepalese Parliament and offer prayers at the famed fifth century Pashupatinath Hindu temple during his first visit to the country from August 3.

4.

Chine asks India, US, Japan to ensure naval drills will be helpful to peace in the region (Page 12)

a)     I.R

a)     Indias military ties with US, Japan and China

b)     India – China maritime disputes

c)     India – US Malabar naval exercises

a)     As India, US and Japan started three-way naval exercises, China has called on the three countries to ensure that the Malabar drills in the Pacific Ocean would be helpful to build mutual trust in a region struggling with renewed maritime tensions.

b)     This year, India for the first time agreed to a long-pending Japanese request to participate in the India-US Malabar naval exercises.

5.

Indias neighbours fare better on key human development indicators (Page 13)

a)     I.R

b)     Social

a)     UN HDR 2014

b)     HDI

c)     Census 2011

d)     SAARC

a)     Though India ranks marginally higher than many of its South Asian neighbours in the 2014 UNDP HDR report, the country has fallen behind most of its immediate neighbours on key health and quality of life indicators, an analysis of health indices from nearly two decades of HDI numbers reveal.

b)     Among the seven SAARC nations, an average Indian is least likely to be vaccinated as a child, most likely to suffer from malnutrition and has the lowest life expectancy.

c)     India also has the worst gender inequality in the region (sharing the 127th place with Pakistan). The gap between workforce participation of men and women is one of the largest in India among the seven countries.

6.

Undue benefit of 587 crore to Essar Power (Page 12)

a)     Economy

a)     CAG

b)     GUVNL

c)     EPGL

d)     PPA

a)     The CAG of India reported that the State-run Gujarat Urja Vikas Nigam Ltd (GUVNL) extended excessive benefit to Essar Power Gujarat Ltd (EPGL) with 587 crore.

b)     The GUVNL entered into a contract with EPGL and signed a public private alliance (PPA) with the company for the purchase of 1000 MW power.

7.

Less than 10 percent of human DNA useful: Scientists (Page 11)

a)     S&T

a)     DNA

b)     Human genome

a)     The scientists said that more than 90 percent of human DNA is not very useful after comparing the human genome with huge structure of other mammals, from dogs and mice to rhinos and horses.

b)     Researchers have known for some time that only 1 percent of human DNA is held in genes that are used to make crucial proteins to keep cells and bodies alive and healthy.

 

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