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Daily News Analysis 27-07-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

India, Nepal to strengthen ties (Pages 1 and 8)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Nepal relations

b)     Peace Treaty 1950

c)     BIPPA

a)   After a marathon meeting between India and Nepal, they agreed to review and update the Treaty of Peace and Friendship 1950, implement the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) and finalise the text of a Power Trade Agreement at the earliest.

b)     The Joint Commission which was formed in 1987 was held after 23 years directed the Nepal-India Boundary Working Group to start field works at the earliest to look into missing border supports and boundary disputes.

c)     The officials of the two nations said they realised the importance of utilizing the vast hydropower potential of Nepal for mutual benefits.

2.

Chinese phone makers set sights on Indian market (Pages 1 and 8)

a)     I.R

b)     Economy

a)     Indo – China relations

a)     Chinese phone manufacturers agree that India presents a huge growth opportunity for them.

b)     The latest report said that India has now become the third-largest Smartphone market after Chine and the US in terms of Smartphone shipment.

3.

Biodiversity loss pushing earth towards sixth mass extinction (Page 16)

a)     Environment

a)     Biodiversity

b)     Anthropocene Defaunation

c)     Climatic Change

d)     Global warming

a)     Scientists now warn that the continuous loss and decline of biodiversity is leading humanity to early days of the planets sixth mass biological extinction event.

b)     Since 1500, more than 320 terrestrial vertebrates have become extinct. Populations of the remaining species show a 25 percent average decline in large.

c)     Researchers said that while previous extinctions have been caused by natural planetary transformations or unfortunate asteroid strikes, the current extinction can be associated with human activity leading to an era of Anthropocene defaunation.

d)     Where human density is high, we get high rates of defaunation, high incidence of rodents and thus high levels of pathogens, which increases the risks of disease transmission.

4.

Fukushima monkeys show abnormalities in blood (Page 16)

a)     S&T

a)     Fukushima nuclear disaster 2011

b)     Radiation

c)     Blood cells

a)     Scientific study reported that wild monkeys in the Fukushima region of Japan have blood irregularities linked to the radioactive fallout from the 2011 nuclear power plant disaster.

b)     This new scientific study may help increase the understanding of radiation on human health.

c)     The Japanese macaques (Macaca fuuscata) were found to have low white and red blood cell levels and low haemoglobin, which the researchers say could make them more prone to infectious diseases.

 

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