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Daily News Analysis 31-07-2014

 

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

Move ahead on trade: US (Pages 1,9 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – US relations

b)     Doha Round

c)     WTO

a)     US officials on the Indo-US strategic dialogue saying the US was very disappointed with India moving backwards on its WTO commitments.

b)     As the deadline for India to sign on to the Doha Round of trade talks expires in the next two days, he urged India to sign the agreement, which India opposes unless it is followed by an agreement that allows developing countries to subsidise food grains.

c)     Security and cyber security are the major agenda at the strategic dialogue.

2.

Amazon now lines up $2 billion fresh investment in India (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Amazon

b)     Flipkart

c)     e-commerce

d)     FDI

a)     Global online retailer Amazon said that it would invest as much as $2 billion in India to support its fast growth and to strengthen customer and seller experience.  It was announced after the flipkart picked up a huge $1 billion in funding,

b)     It believed that the Indian e-commerce market worth will be $50 billion by 2020, up from the current $2-3 billion right now.

c)     Amazon entered in India with an online market place as Indian law does not allow the company to sell its own goods a year ago and has been expanding since then.

3.

A need to turn the corner on child health (Page 9)

a)     Health

a)     WHO

b)     NRHM

c)     Indias UIP

d)     UN Millennium Development Goals

e)     Rotavirus

f)     Japanese Encephalitis

g)     IPV

h)     OPV

i)     ORS

a)     In 2002, almost 14 lakh Indian children under the age of five died due to preventable diseases including pneumonia, diarrhoea and measles.

b)     The official estimate of the countrys under-five mortality rate is 56 per 1000 live births in 2012. This shows that India is far behind from achieving its millennium development goal of 42 per 1000 live births by 2015.

c)     On July 3 2014, the BJP govt decided to introduce rotavirus vaccine, rubella vaccine and Inactivated Poliovirus Vaccine (IPV) into Indias Universal Immunisation Programme (UIP) making the vaccines available to all children.

d)     Rotavirus causes rapidly developing diarrhoea which can quickly lead to severe dehydration and death, especially if children do not receive the appropriate care such as Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) and/or intravenous hydration.

e)     High levels of safe and effective vaccination with both Oral Polio Vaccine (OPV) and IPV are needed. A recent study showed that IPV also helps increase the effectiveness of OPV vaccine.

4.

Sea state forecasts improve vessels operational safety at ports (Page 15)

a)     S&T

a)     INCOIS

b)     Ports in Indian coastline

c)     Super computer

d)     currents  

a)     Based on a set of models run on super computers, scientists from the Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (INCOIS) are currently providing the predictions to 12 major and 64 of the 200 minor ports along the Indian coastline.

b)     Critical information on sea state conditions like currents, winds, waves and swell plays a crucial role in entry and exit of vessels at ports, be it a small fishing boat or a huge oil tanker.

c)     The real time data from coastal observation systems like wave rider buoys, automatic weather stations, coastal radars, deep-sea moored buoys and satellite altimeter data were being used for validation of the forecast products and improve their quality. 

5.

Milky Way weighed (Page 15)

a)     S&T

a)     Milky Way

b)     Andromeda

c)     Galaxy

a)     The Milky way was found to contain only half the mass of its neighbour Andromeda, which has a similar spiral structure to our own.

b)     Andromeda is more massive than the Milky Way but weighting both galaxies simultaneously proved to be very challenging.

c)     The scientists estimate that the Milky Way contains nearly half as much dark matter as its neighbouring galaxy, though the two are of similar dimensions.

 

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