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Daily News Analysis 02-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

WTO talks fail as India firm on farm subsidy (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     WTO

b)     TFA

c)     Bali text

d)     Food subsidy

e)     Poverty

a)     After the WTO failed to agree on a TFA or global customs rules following Indian opposition, officials said India would push for a permanent peace clause for subsidy on agriculture until a final solution was found.

b)     India opposed the TFA because there has been no progress in the WTO community agreeing to a permanent solution to public stockholding for food security. This essentially means addressing the problem of WTO limiting subsidies to 10 percent of the total value of agricultural production based on 1986-88 prices.

c)  As the trade talks collapsed in Geneva, Modi highlighted that developed countries needed to understand the challenges of poverty and government responsibilities in addressing the issue.

2.

GMR to sign pact for power project in Nepal (Pages 8 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Nepal relations

b)     1950 Indo – Nepal Treaty of Peace and Friendship

c)     Mahakali river

d)     SAARC

a)     Nepal govt would sign the much-delayed project development agreement (PDA) for the 900MW Upper Karnali hydropower project with the Indian multinational GMR, during Modis visit.

b)     The joint declaration issued at the end of Ms. Swarajs visit specified prioritisation of the Pancheshwar Multipurpose Project on the Mahakali river that borders India and Nepal.

c)     Madhes-based parties have suggested Koirala to sign the PDA with GMR, sign a power trade agreement and enter into other agreements with India including completing the postal highway through Madhes.

3.

Army Chief warns Pakistan against provocation (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     I.R   

a)     Indian Army

b)     Indo – Pak border issues

c)     LOC

a)     In a brief message to Pakistan, the new Army chief General Dalbir Singh said that the response to any pressure by Pakistan along the border would be more than enough, severe and immediate.

b)     Promising that he would ensure that soldiers were always motivated and given the latest weapons and equipment, He said his priority would be to increase the operational preparedness and the effectiveness of the Army.

c)     Force modernization, infrastructure development, optimization of human resources, welfare of serving personnel and ex-servicemen are issues that he identified as close to his heart.

4.

UK plans £300m. genome project (Page 13)

a)     Health and S&T

a)     Genome

b)     DNA

c)     Genetic diseases

a)     A four-year project with an investment of £300 million in genome research that undertakes to transform the way cancer and other rare genetic diseases will be identified and treated.

b)     The Genomes Project aims to sequence the genomes of 100,000 NHS patients who suffer from cancer and less known genetic disorders by 2017.

c)     Understanding humanity genetic code is not only going to be fundamental to the medicine of the future. It is an important part of medicine today. In rare natural diseases, in cancer and in infections, genomic understandings are already transforming diagnosis and treatment.

5.

Area under Kharif crops comes down (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Geography

a)     Kharif crops

b)     Kharif crop regions in India

c)     Southwest monsoon

d)     El-nino

a)     The area under kharif crops is lower by 114.2 lakh hectares due to the delayed and irregular south-west monsoon. The increasing rainfall in the country till July 30 was 23 percent below the long period average.

b)     Official statistics estimated that the total area under Kharif crops was 706.25 lakh hectares as compared with 820.47 lakh hectares sown last year.

6.

Out of the Amazon wild (Page 18)

a)     History

b)     Geography

a)     Amazon

b)     Envira river

c)     Amazon tribes

a)     Isolated native people wearing loincloths and carrying bows and arrows have appeared from the Amazon rainforest and made contact with the outside world in a video released.

b)     The video shows local people from the Panoan linguistic group making contact with the Ashaninka native people of northern Brazil along the banks of the Envira River, near the Peruvian border.

c)     The Brazilian Amazon has the largest number of uncontacted tribes in the world at 77.

7.

Now, a see-through mouse (Page 18)

a)     S&T

a)     Clarity

b)     DNA

a)     Scientists have transformed a mouse into a clear creature that can give them a clearer view of the body tissues for research. With the technique called CLARITY, the body of the mouse has been provided very clearer.

b)      The method involves a water-based gel and detergents and can reveal all of an animals organs from its brain to its kidneys while keeping them whole.

 

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