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Daily News Analysis 08-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

BASIC meets to plan strategy before Lima climate talks (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     BASIC

b)     Lima climate talks

c)     Green Climate Fund

d)     UNFCCC

e)     carbon emissions

f)     Global warming

a)     Ministers of the BASIC countries met to form a common ground before the next round of climate talks in Lima this year end.

b)     Indian minister highlighted the need for capitalisation of the Green Climate Fund.

c)     The BASIC plays a key role in what goes into the draft agreement after 2020 and one of the debates is on the Intended Nationally Determined Contributions which each country has to present before March next year.

d)     While the BASIC and other groups believe that cutting carbon emissions alone will not help, the major developed countries think otherwise.

2.

Pakistan corporate leaders for better trade ties (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Pak trade

b)     MFN status

c)     IPJBF

d)     SAARC

a)     Co-chair of the India Pakistan Joint Business Forum (IPJBF) told that bilateral trade had remained unchanged even after India granted the Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status to Pakistan.

b)     India granted MFN status to Pak in 1996 but since then 80 percent of business has gone to India.

c)     India has signed trade agreements with all its neighbours but India and Pakistan keep rotating within the SAARC which has not been very effective.

d)     IPJBF established in 2013 is a private sector body consisting top business leaders of both countries and has been notified by governments of both India and Pakistan. It submits a joint report to the governments of both countries.

3.

Hagel visit to form base for revival of defence ties (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – US defence agreements

b)     DPB

a)     Diplomatic sources said discussions on the purchase of 15 Chinook heavy lift and 22 Apache helicopters are important for coming of US Defence Secretary Hagels visit.

b)     The Defence Procurement Board (DPB) is set to take a call on the contracts worth $2.5 billion.

c)     Discussions on the procurement of 145 M-777 ultra-light howitzers appear to be difficult.

4.

Vulnerability and well-being (Page 8)

 

a)     UN HDR 2014

b)     HDI

c)     Hurricane Katrina

d)     Fukushima nuclear disaster

e)     UNDPs Multidimensional Poverty Index

a)     The 2014 Human Development Report is more innovative in that for the first time it calculates the gender development index independently of reference to males.

b)     The 2004 Asian Tsunami, the 2005 Hurricane Katrina, the 2007-2008 food, financial and banking collapse, and the 2011 Fukushima Daiichi nuclear disaster preceded by an earthquake and others have brought humanity closer as it struggles with a common issue by climate change and globalisation.

c)     1.5 billion people in 91 developing countries live with similardifficulties in health, education and standard of living, as per the UNDPs Multidimensional Poverty Index.

d)     Ranking 135th out of 187 countries on the Human Development Index, India could reduce many of the challenges by creating universal access to health care, a more vibrant primary education system, and ensuring respect and protection for womens freedom and dignity.

5.

Building smart cities without energy (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Economy

 

a)     GDP

b)     Fossil fuel

c)     carbon emissions

d)     Poverty

a)     Since 2000, Indias energy consumption has grown at 7 percent per annumkeeping pace with GDP growth.

b)     Coal contributes 60 percent of the fossil fuel that India consumes. The country has the fifth largest coal reserves in the world.

c)     Replacing oil and gas with coal will increase atmospheric CO2 quickly,and green and nuclear energies cannot replace fossil fuels.

d)     Indias greater dependence on fossil fuels makes its economy less energy efficient and more polluting resulting less per capita energy available for poverty alleviation.

6.

Govt keen on judges bill this session (Page 10)

a)     Polity

b)     Judiciary

a)     NJAC

b)     JAC

c)     SC

d)     HC

e)     CJI

a)     More consideration is required before final approval is given to new procedures to appoint Supreme Court and High Court judges by setting up a National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC).

b)     NJAC will require constitutional amendments to existing provisions for the appointment of judges on the SC and HCs.

c)     According to the new proposals, the NJAC will be headed by the CJI and will consists two judges of SC, the Law Minister and two important persons.

d)     These new amendment would also help in the withdrawal of the Judicial Appointments Commission Bill 2013, currently pending in Rajya Sabha.

7.

 

Joy, Scepticism over lower age of culpability (Page 11)

a)     Judiciary

b)     Social issue

a)     Juvenile Justice Act

b)     UNICEF

c)     Child rights

d)     Nirbhay Act

a)     The Centers decision to amend the Juvenile Justice Act to treat those in the 16-18 age groups as adults in case of horrible crimes such as rape got qualified support from the Congress and AamAadmi Party but came in for sharp criticism from civil society groups.

b)     UNICEF described it as a real step back. Its country Representative said worldwide evidence shows that the process of judicial rejection or transfer of juvenile cases to adult courts has not resulted in reduction of crime or recidivism. Instead, investments in a working system of treatment and rehabilitation of children have led to better results in reducing recidivism.

8.

Reserve Bank proposes anytime anywhere bill payment system (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     RBI

b)     BPPS

a)     RBI issued draft guidelines for the implementation of Bharat Bill Payment System (BPPS).

b)     The objective of the BBPS is to implement an integrated bill payment system across the country and offer interoperable and accessible bill payment service to customers through a network of agents, enabling multiple payment modes and providing instant confirmation of payment.

9.

Ebola death toll nears 1000 ( Page 12)

a)     Health

a)     Ebola

b)     Zaire ebolavirus

c)     ZMapp

a)     A fast-spreading Ebola epidemic sparked a state of emergency in West African nations as the death toll nears 1000.

b)     They have shown signs of improvement after being given an experimental drug known as ZMapp, which is hard to produce on a large scale.

 

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