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Daily News Analysis 21-08-2014

S.No

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

India has no dispute with Sri Lanka: Swamy

a)     I.R

a)     India – Srilanka disputes

b)     Sri Lankas internal issues

c)     UNHRC

d)     LTTE

a)     Former Minister Swamy said that India has no disputes with Sri Lanka and is committed to improving relations with the neighbouring island nation.

b)     He said Indias Foreign Policy under the Modi-led government would be structured entirely on national interest and not on regional interest. Troubles are due to the political disputes of Tamil Nadu.

c)     He further said India would be more supportive of Sri Lankas position at the United Nations Human Rights Council than before.

2.

Centre urges Assam-Nagaland talks

a)     National

a)     North-east states boundary disputes

b)     Tribes in North-east states

c)     CRPF

a)     The Centre has sent over 1000 CRPF personnel to restore peace along the disputed boundary of Assam and Nagaland in Golaghat.

b)     Boundary dispute between Assam and Nagaland is long back to the creation of Nagaland in 1963.

c)     Land found to be owned by Nagas transferred to the plain districts of Assam for administrative convenience.

d)     Nagaland demands on historical boundary and Assam on Constitutional boundary.

e)     Issue unsettled even with Supreme Court setting up commissions to mediate.

3.

Cabinet plan to make India digitally empowered

a)     National

a)     Digital India

b)     DEIT

c)     Wifi

d)     Gram Panchayat

e)      Pradhan Mantri Jan-Dhan Yojana

a)     The Programmed aims to transform India into a digitally empowered society and knowledge economy.

b)     The Programme has been formed by the Department of Electronics and Information Technology. The programme will be implemented in phases from the current year till 2018. It would ensure that government services are available to citizens electronically.

c)     The Programme envisions high-speed internet as a basic utility which would be made available in all gram panchayats. Mobile phone and bank accounts would enable participation in digital and financial space at individual levels.

4

Cabinet clears Nagpur Metro Rail Project

a)     National

a)     Census 2011

b)     Metro project

c)     North-South corridor

d)     East-West corridor

e)     MIHAN project

f)     SEZ

a)     The project will have two corridors – the North-South Corridor covering 19.65km and the East-West Corridor covering 18.55km

b)     The proposed North-South & East-West alignments are also expected to bring connectivity to the upcoming MIHAN project, the Special Economic Zone (SEZ), educational institutions and logistic hubs in the city.

c)     The two corridors are aimed at transforming the citys urban transportation scenario by considerably reducing traffic congestion and bringing in a fast, comfortable, safe and inexpensive mass transportation system.

5.

States want GST levy turnover limit lowered to Rs. 10 lakh

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     GST

b)     Integrated GST

c)     VAT

d)     GDP

a)     The Empowered Committee of State Finance Ministers on GST wants the annual business turnover floor limit for imposition of levy reduced from 25 lakh to 10 lakhs. This would make tax compliance easier as the entry in most States for the Value Added Tax (VAT) is also 10 lakh turnover.

b)     The Committee also demanded that the Centre include the provision for GST compensation to States in the Constitutional Amendment Bill itself for the introduction of the new tax.

6.

Drafts rules to empower FMC

a)     Economy

a)     FMC

b)     SEBI

c)     NSEL

a)     The government draft rules give more powers to the commodity markets regulator Forward Markets Commission (FMC) to effectively regulate the intermediaries of the commodity derivatives markets.

b)     Unlike capital markets regulator SEBI, the FMC is not an autonomous body. The government is in the process of strengthening the FMC, especially after the scam surfaced at the National Spot Exchange Ltd (NSEL).

7.

Tibet plateau getting hotter, polluted

a)     International

b)     Geography

a)     Tibet Plateau

b)     Environmental assessment

c)     Ecosystem

d)     Grasslands

e)     Wetlands

f)      Desertification

g)     Deforestation

h)     Global warming

a)     A fresh environmental assessment of the Tibetan Plateau has found that the region is getting hotter, wetter and more polluted and threatening its weak eco-systems.

b)     Some areas such as the headwater region of Asias biggest rivers have become warmer and drier and are being severely affected by desertification and grassland and wetland degradation.

c)     The Plateau feeds Asias biggest rivers so these problems are likely to affect billions of people.

8.

Chikungunya vaccine shows promise

a)     S&T

a)     Chikungunya

b)     Human cells

c)     Proteins

d)     Immune system

a)     An experimental Chikungunya vaccine has shown positive results in a small-scale trial carried out in humans.

b)     The vaccine is made by using human cells grown in culture to produce three proteins found on the surface of the chikungunya virus. These proteins then self-assembled to form virus-like particles which are not infectious but can generate a protective immune response when given as an injection.

9.

Factors affecting urban warming

a)     S&T

a)     Urban warming

b)     UHI

c)     Atmospheric UHI

d)     Surface UHI

e)     Temperature

f)     Pressure

g)     Temperature difference

a)     A recent study of some cities across North America reported that the role of local background climate in creating a difference in temperature between urban and surrounding rural area (Urban Heat Island or UHI effect).

b)     There are two kinds of UHI – atmospheric UHI and surface UHI. Atmospheric UHI peaks during the night because of the lack of evaporative cooling as in rural areas and due to the long wave radiation being jumped into each other and down to the street by the buildings as opposed to being lost to the free atmosphere.

c)     Surface Urban Heat Island Effect is there during day and night because of the heat capacity of the materials used for pavements, buildings, roofs and so on.

d)     This is why the midnight temperature difference is related to population and not background climate but the midday difference is strongly correlated with background climate but not population.

           

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

NOTE: Read all the snapshots in S&T page.

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