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Daily News Analysis 22-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

India committed to advancing ties with Arab world

a)     I.R

a)     Indias relations with Arab world

b)     Israel-Gaza conflict

c)     ISIS

a)     Clarifying Indias stand on the Israel-Gaza conflict, External Minister said the countrys policy continued to be extending strong support to the Palestinian cause while maintaining good relations with Israel.

b)     She said that apart from strong political support to the Palestinian cause at international, regional and bilateral levels, India has been contributing budgetary, economic and developmental assistance to Palestine and its people.

c)     Basis of the need for peace and stability in the Arab world, she said the results of instability and terrorism in the region were being felt far and wide, and cited the case of Indian nationals in imprisonment in Mosul as an example.

d)     India sees West Asia as an important part of its extended neighbourhood as it accounts for over 60 percent of Indias oil and gas requirements.

2.

Improve connectivity in the north-east

a)     National

a)     North-east states boundary disputes

b)     Inland transport in north-east

c)      DoNER

d)     Chittagong port

a)     Chief Ministers of north-eastern States called for improving road, railway, air connectivity and improvement of inland water transport within the region to bring about all-round development.

b)     The meet was organised by the Ministry of Development of the North Eastern Region (DoNER).

c)     They said that there is a urgent need for transit and transshipment facility including road, rail and waterways connection through Bangladesh to north-east and eastern India as well as access to the Chittagong Port in Bangladesh.

3.

SC lawyers challenge National Judicial Appointments Commission Bill

a)     Polity

b)     Judiciary

a)     NJAC

b)     Collegium system

c)     121st Constitutional Amendment Bill

d)     Article 124(2)

e)     Article 217(1)

f)     Supreme Court

g)     High Court

h)     CJI

a)     The SC advocates challenging the constitutional amendment and NJAC Bills which will replace the collegium system of appointment of SC and HC judges.

b)     The petition said Article 124(2) along with Article 217(1) of the Constitution made provisions for the appointment of judges of SC including the CJI and for appointment of judges of HCs including the CJs of HCs.

c)     They sought a declaration that the Bills were unconstitutional, null and void, and a direction that the present collegiums system evolved by a nine-judge Bench of the SC should continue with the appointment of judges to the higher judiciary.

d)     The petition said the NJAC Bill was introduced even prior to the Constitution 121 Amendment Bill to give constitutional status to the proposed NJAC.

4

Step up AIDS control measures: UN official

a)     Health

a)     AIDS

b)     HIV

c)     Sustainable Development Goals

d)    NRHM

e)     UN General Assembly

a)     Highlighting the need for stepping up the HIV/AIDS control programme in certain areas in India, UN official said although there has been a reduction of 56 percent in new infections, its rate has increased in some populations like injecting drug users and men having sex with men.

b)     The main areas where this increase has been seen are in Punjab, Haryana and New Delhi.

c)     On the Sustainable Development Goals to be discussed at the United Nations General Assembly, they said there will be a number of important goals including the ending of AIDS in healthcare.

5.

RBI quells fears of drought

a)     Economy

a)     RBI

b)     Monsoon

c)     Kharif crops

d)     El-nino

e)     Drought

f)     NREGA

g)     FDI

a)     In its annual report released, the RBI said the rainfall deficit situation was way better than the 2009 drought and impact on farm sector continues to be small still.

b)     For moderating food price inflation pressures, the Govt will have to address the structural changes indicated in the Budget such as making NREGA wages productivity-linked, Food Corporation of India changing and removal of things from the scope of the Agricultural produce marketing committee Act.

6.

Pakistan varsity honours Swaminathan

a)     Personalities

b)     Environment

a)     Evergreen Revolution

b)     Biodiversity

c)     Ecology

d)     Sustainable development

a)     The University of Agriculture in Pakistan has granted an honorary degree of the Doctor of Science on renowned agriculture scientist M.S. Swaminathan for his contribution to farm research and allied areas of plant-breeding, genetics, biodiversity and ecological studies.

b)     He said the Indian subcontinent should go in for an evergreen revolution (increase in productivity in quality without ecological harm) on the one hand and a nutrition-sensitive agriculture on the other through programmes rooted in the principles of ecology, economics, gender and social equity, employment and energy.

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