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Daily News Analysis 25-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

Hasina for quick signing of Teesta treaty (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Bangladesh relations

b)     Teesta water sharing treaty

c)      Land Boundary Agreement

d)      Ashuganj river

e)      BSF

f)      BGB

a)     Bangladesh PM Sheikh Hasina has urged India to sign the Teesta water sharing treaty and implement the Land Boundary Agreement as soon as possible.

b)     As per her request on the transit, Indian official said India would act positively and said a rail line should be built connecting Bangladesh with Nepal and Bhutan.

c) He appreciated Bangladesh for allowing the use of the Ashuganj river port for transporting rice to Tripura.

d)     He said the govt of India would soon construct an 11km road from Akhaura to Agartala for goods transportation.

e)   The Border Security Force (BSF) and Board Guard Bangladesh (BGB) agreed to conduct vulnerability mapping every six months while effectively implementing a coordinated border management plan to control drug and human trafficking and other trans-border crimes.

2.

Activists oppose Pancheshwar dam (Page 7)

a)    I.R

a)     Indo – Nepal relations

b)     Pancheshwar multipurpose project

c)     Hydropower agreements

d)     1996 India-Nepal Mahakali Treaty

e)      Tehri dam

a)     The recent agreement between India and Nepal to restart work on the 5600 MW Pancheshwar multipurpose project has caused strong opposition from environmentalists and anti-dam activists.

b)     The Coordinator of the South Asia Network on Dams, Rivers and People (SANDRP) had pointed out that the project which would generate hydropower for India and Nepal was proposed in a weak zone and could have major ecological and social impact.

c)     In India, the project lies within the state of Uttarakhand which shares international border with Nepal. The state has the 1000 MW Tehri dam, which was also strongly opposed.

d)     The Pancheshwar project which is proposed on the Mahakali river was a part of the 1996 India-Nepal Mahakali Treaty. The project was a controversial one and other than the opposition of environmentalists and anti-dam activists, the project was strongly opposed by Maoists in Nepal.

e)     According to the 2010 research report, the Indo-Nepal Mahakali Treaty was seen in Nepal as a result of pressure from India and the US.

3.

Tibetan officials allays Indias concerns on rail line (Page 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – China disputes

b)     Tibet issue

c)     Chinas projects in Tibet

d)     Arunachal border issue

e)     Soil erosion

 

a)     Rejecting concerns in India over the newly-opened 250km rail-line from Lhasa to Shigatse that runs close to the Indian border in Sikkim, Tibetan official said India, Nepal and China should cooperate on letting railways cross over borders as in Europe.

b)     India has two worries over the new constructions in Tibet which will run close to Sikkim on the western line to Shigatse and on the eastern line to Nyngchi, close to the Arunachal border which are due to be completed by 2016.

c)     The rail lines are part of Chinas mission to build infrastructure on a large-scale in Tibet by 2020 starting railway tracks, road ways and several airports with an investment of more than $13 billion in the last two decades.

d)     Environmentalists have pointed out that the moving of tunnels through mountains will lead to soil erosion and have other ecological impact as well.

4.

India taps Serbia on traditional medicine, yoga (Page 11)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Serbia relations

b)     Bilateral agreements between two countries

a)     India has sought increased bilateral cooperation with Serbia in yoga and traditional medicine.

b)     Indian official suggested that Serbia Ministers proposed India visit could be used to understand the health sector and invite Indian companies for establishing joint projects in Serbia.

5.

Does NJAC Bill curb independence of judiciary? (Page 11)

a)     Polity

b)     Judiciary

a)     NJAC Bill

b)     Constitution Amendment Bill

c)     Collegium System

d)     Judicial review

e)     Supreme Court

f)     CJI

a)     The SC will hear petitions challenging the constitutionality of the Constitution amendment and National Judicial Appointments Commission (NJAC) Bills giving politicians an equal role in the appointment of judges to the highest judiciary.

b)     The petition cited the judicial review powers of the SC to declare the Bills void.

c)     The advocate panel argues that independence of the judiciary includes the necessity to eliminate political influence even at the stage of appointment of a judge, the executive element in the appointment process being minimal.

d)     It argues that the veto provision in the NJAC Bill gives room to embarrass the highest judiciary because a candidate chosen by the other half of the Commission.

e)     The petitions say that the Bills would give uncontrolled power to the Parliament to regulate judicial appointments.  

6.

Researchers take the sting off needles (Page 18)

a)     S&T

a)    Blood plasma

b)    Silicon

c)     Titanium

d)      Electroplating

a)     A team of scientists and engineers at the Indian Institute of Science have created a microneedle that is around third the thickness of conventionally used ones.

b)     Unlike the conventional stainless steel needles, these microneedles are made of silicon and arranged in a set of several needles to deliver drugs of a required quantity.

c)     They said that Silicon reacts with blood plasma and can damage with time. So we coated the needle with very thin layers of titanium and gold through electroplating.

 

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