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Daily News Analysis 27-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

TESO against Rajapaksa addressing UN meet

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Lanka relations

b)     TESO

c)     TNA

d)     Sri Lankan Tamils issue

e)     UN General Assembly

f)     UNHRC

a)     The Tamil Eelam Supporters Organisation (TESO) will hold a demonstration in Chennai urging the United Nations not to allow Sri Lankan President to address its General Assembly on Sept 25.

b)     The resolution said that he had refused to allow a UN team that asked to investigate Sri Lankas human rights record.

c)     Recalling Indias vote against allowing the team to conduct investigation in Sri Lanka and its subsequent decision to deny visa to conduct investigation in India, the TESO meeting urged India to allow the team.

d)     Expressing satisfaction over PM Modis support for a political solution to the Sri Lankan Tamils issue, the TESO wanted India to take steps to speed up the process to achieve the goal.

2.

For new ideas, a clean break with the past (Editorial Page)

a)     National

a)     Planning Commission

b)     Five Year Plans

c)     CSR

d)     Companies Act 2013

e)     Philanthropy

a)     Instead restructuring the Planning Commission, we need to replace it with a think-tank that supports high-quality independent research to support policy making in India.

b)     Though the most visible function of the Planning Commission – planning and enforcement of the Five Year Plans – can be shifted to the States and other Ministers, policymaking will remain fundamental to the functioning of the government at the Centre and State levels and must be supported by a think tank.

c)     An independent research think tank comprising experts can provide careful analysis as well as give intellectual ideas to innovative policy solutions. Such a think tank can also serve as an entity which promotes a new culture of critical thinking, openness and debate.

d)      Internationally, the most common form of financial support for research is Philanthropy (Social concern) and government funding.

e)     Historically, India has had a rich culture of Philanthropy. Unfortunately it has largely remained limited to religious activities and institutions, where donors rush for spiritual dividends.

f)     A natural source of support for independent research in India can be found in the Companies Act 2013, which mandates qualifying companies to contribute at least 2 percent of their average net profits from the preceding three years to Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR).

3.

NASAs New Horizons crosses Neptunes orbit

a)     S&T

a)     New Horizon

b)     Voyager 2

c)     Neptune

d)     Pluto

e)     Triton

f)      Dwarf planet

a)     NASA probe New Horizons passed Neptunes orbit nearly 25 years after Voyager 2 spacecraft executed the first ever flyby of faraway Neptune and its icy moon Triton.

b)     New Horizons is scheduled to pass through the Pluto system on July 14 2015.

c)     It will map the dwarf planet and its five known moons, determine the composition of Plutos surface and atmosphere, search for undiscovered moons and a ring system.

4.

UN health agency urges crackdown on e-cigarettes

a)     Health

b)     S&T

a)     e-cigarettes

b)     WHO

c)     Nicotine-vapour products

a)    UN health agency said that the Governments should have struct rules for electronic cigarettes, banning their use indoors and putting them off limits for minors until more evidence can be gathered about their risks.

b)     In an offer to set public policy, the WHO said the popular nicotine-vapour products; particularly the fruit, candy and alcohol-drink flavours could serve as habits for children and teenagers.

c)     The report requested in 2012 by the 179-nation WHO treaty for controlling tobacco is to be discussed at a conference in Moscow in October. If the recommendations are adopted, the next step would be for nations to strengthen their laws and policies to meet the treaty conditions.

d)     Little is known about the health effects of e-cigarettes, which have been sold in the US since 2007 and contain less toxic substances than traditional cigarettef

5.

Centre to unveil home loan scheme for transgenders

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     HOMES

b)     RRY

c)     HUPA

d)     Transgenders

a)     The Union Ministry of Housing and Urban Poverty Alleviation (HUPA) has proposed a new loan assistance scheme that will for the first time help transgenders and economically weaker sections to secure home loans in urban areas.

b)     The Ministry has modified the existing Rajiv Rinn Yojna (RRY), which was launched as an instrument to support the Economically weaker sections and Lower income group segments in urban areas through increased credit flow and replaced it with a new scheme that will make it easier for the economically weaker sections and minority groups to own homes.

c)     The new scheme Home Owners Mortgage Equity Subvention Scheme) will be increased the loan amount and the interest subsidy from 5 to 5.5 percent on loans granted to construct houses or extend the existing ones.

d)     Under the HOMES, the applicants need not ask for certification from the government officials.

 

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