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Daily News Analysis 29-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

PM banks on mega plan to fight debt (Pages 1 and 15)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

b)     Financial inclusion

c)     RuPay debit card

a)     PM opened a record 1.5 crore bank accounts across the country to mark the launch of the Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana (PMJDY) aimed at financial inclusion of all Indians.

b)     The scheme aims to ensure that every household has at least two bank accounts. Each of the 1.5 crore bank accounts opened comes with a RuPay debit card, 1 lakh accident insurance cover and an additional 30,000 rupees life insurance cover.

c)     These benefits will apply to all accounts opened before Jan 26 2015.

2.

Great expectations from Modis Japan trip (Page 1)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Japan relations

b)     Bilateral ties

c)     Military ties

d)     Nuclear agreements

e)     Smart cities

a)     Modis engagement with the Japanese leadership would be not only about bilateral ties but also increased military ties, business-to-business ties, Japanese assistance in creating smart cities in India and nuclear issues would all be on the agenda.

b)     He was interested in rejuvenating Indian cities on the lines of Kyoto.

3.

Regulating Indias nuclear estate (page 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Nuclear Safety Regulator Authority Bill 2011

b)     Atomic Energy Regulatory Board 1983

c)     Department of Atomic Energy

d)     Atomic Energy Act 1962

e)     Nuclear Suppliers Group (NSG)

f)     Nuclear Materials Security Index 2014

g)     Mayapuri radiation accident (New Delhi) 2010

h)     Fukushima disaster (Japan) 2011

i)     RTI Act

a)     The 2014 Nuclear Materials Security Index prepared by the Washington-based Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) has ranked India 23rd out of 25 countries with weapons-usable nuclear materials.

b)     The Atomic Energy Regulatory Board (AERB) established in 1983 is not an autonomous body as it depends on the Department of Atomic Energy (DAE) for all practical purposes.

c)     In 2011, the Nuclear Safety Regulatory Authority (NSRA) Bill was drafted by the DAE and submitted to the Union Cabinet for approval.

d)     The Bill first introduced in the Lok Sabha in 2011, has now lapsed and will have to be reintroduced in the new Lok Sabha.

e)     The Bill states that the Central Government may for the purposes of national defence and safety, exempt any nuclear material, radioactive material, facilities, premises and activities; the premises, assets and areas associated with material and activities from the jurisdiction of the Authority.

f)     The issue is the exclusion of the NSRA from the purview of RTI Act, thereby reducing the requirement for the regulator to be transparent.

g)     The difference between AERB and NSRA is that while the AERB was set up by a government order, the new regulator (NSRA) will be established by an Act of Parliament, there by making it more powerful. While the AERB reported to the AEC, the NSRA will not report to the AEC but will submits its report to Parliament.

4.

Assams annual sorrow (Page 10)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Floods

b)     Flood and Erosion Protection Authority  

c)     Brahmaputra Valley River Authority

d)     Brahmaputra river

e)     Barak river

f)     Disaster management

a)     Following reduction of the flow from ice-melt in the upstream Himalayan belt, seasonal floods have eased in northern and northeastern India from Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal to Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.

b)     CM Tarun gogois announcement of the States decision to form a Flood and Erosion Protection Authority at a cost of 1000 crore to strengthen dams and build again those that have outlived their utility, has come not a day too soon.

c)     The State has also proposed the formation of a Brahmaputra Valley River Authority.

d)     According to the States Economic Survey for 2013-14, it suffers an average loss of 200 crore a year.

e)     The Brahmaputra and the Barak along with their 48 major tributaries and numerous sub-tributaries have periodically claimed roads, bridges, buildings and communication infrastructure, besides livestock, crops and so on.

f)     The experts suggested some steps that the application of space-based tools for project-planning, the use of geo-synthetic materials for flood management structures and optimal clearing activity in the rivers.

5.

Fifteen stations to come up on high-speed railway corridor (Page 13)

a)     National

b)     Economy

a)     Japan projects in India

b)     Ahmedabad-Mumbai high-speed train corridor

a)     An Indo-Japanese team has identified 15 possible stations along the proposed 534 km Ahmedabad-Mumbai high-speed train corridor.

b)     The proposal is to link the high-speed line with the existing rail network at select stations in order to ease transfers.

c)     The current speed of long distance trains in India averages around 70-80 kmph. The train systems that are under consideration can reach a speed of 300-350 kmph which would be a radical move.

d)     At present, China has over 12,000 km of high-speed train lines, which is the worlds largest network.

6.

MIT scientists switch bad memories for good ones in mice (Page 9)

a)     S&T

a)     Optogenetics

b)     Neurons

c)     Brain mapping

a)     Using a technique called optogenetics in which light is used to switch neurons on and off, neuroscientists revealed some secrets about how the brain attaches emotions to memories and how those emotions can be adjusted.

b)     The scientists attached neurons in the brains of mice with a light-sensitive protein and used pulses of light to switch the cells on and off.

c)     They identified patterns of neurons activated when mice created a negative memory or a positive one.

d)     A negative memory formed when mice received a mild electric shock to their feet; a positive one was formed when the mice, all male, were allowed to spend time with female mice.

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