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Daily News Analysis 31-08-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

Kashi, Kyoto in heritage pact (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     I.R

a)     Indo – Japan relations

b)     Indo – Japan trade

c)     Trilateral ties of India, Japan and US

d)     Smart cities

a)     The two Prime Ministers witnessed the signing of a partner city affiliation agreement between Varanasi (Kashi) and Kyoto, which will see cooperation in the fields of heritage conservation, city modernisation and culture.

b)     Modi said with the Japanese media what his government had achieved in its first 100 days, pointing clearly to the twin problems of slow global growth and the absence of a strong government in Delhi.

c)     He said we will explore how Japan can associate itself productively with my vision of inclusive development in India, including transformation of Indias manufacturing, infrastructure sectors, energy and social sectors.

d)     There will be possible trilateral talks of India, Japan and the US that have been discussing issues of interests at the level of Joint Secretaries.

2.

Mahila Bank to have 25 percent presence in rural areas (Page 11)

a)     National

b)     Economy

c)     Social issue

a)     Bharatiya Mahila Bank

b)     Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana

c)     RuPay credit

d)     Financial inclusion

e)     Non-Banking Financial Companies

a)     Mahila Bank lends money to women who set up small businesses, beauty parlours, day care centers and home-based initiatives and customers get up to 1 crore without a credit guarantee.

b)     With the Jan Dhan Yojana coming at a good moment, the Bank which was launched in November 2013 wants to have a 25 percent presence in rural areas.

c)     The deposit portfolio is open to both men and women and while the bank prefers to give loans to women and educated home workers, 13 percent of its clients are men.

d)     The Bank also lends to Non-Banking Financial Companies.

3.

Water ATMs bring smiles to faces of Rajasthan villagers (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Social issue

a)     Water ATMs

b)     PPP

a)     Using Water ATMs, many arid villages in Rajasthan have 24/7 accessing to the drinking water at the swipe of a card at 20 litres for 5 Rupees.

b)     The project is a good example of a PPP model, where Cairn India has partnered with the Rajasthan governments Public Health engineering Department, Tata projects and the respective village panchayats to provide safe drinking water at the doorsteps of the local community.

4.

First Natural World Heritage Centre coming up at WII (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Natural World Heritage Centre

b)     Wildlife Institute of India

c)     UNESCO

d)     World Heritage List

a)     The foundation stone of the worlds first Natural World Heritage Centre was setup at the Wildlife Institute of India (WII) in Dehradun.

b)     UNESCO Category 2 centre on Natural world Heritage Management and Training for Asia and the Pacific Region would be established with the objective of achieving a more balanced representation of properties from Asia and the Pacific on the World Heritage List.

c)     UNESCO has established World Heritage centers in South Africa, Spain, Italy, China, Bahrain, Brazil, Mexico and Norway.

d)     The centres in these eight countries of the world are only for the conservation of cultural heritage. Now this is UNESCOs first centre in the world for the conservation of Natural World Heritage.

e)     The Centre would work towards protection and conservation of around 67 Natural World Heritage sites across the 50 countries in Asia and the Pacific region.

5.

Western Ghats: ESA maps to be digitized (Page 7)

a)     National

b)     Environment

a)     Western Ghats

b)     Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESAs)

c)     National Green Tribunal

d)     Geographic Information System (GIS)

e)     Cadastral maps

a)     With the Central government informing the National Green Tribunal of its objective to implement the report on the Western Ghats, the Kerala government is setting up for the final phase of the exercise to mark Ecologically Sensitive Areas (ESAs) in the State.

b)     The task of preparing digitized maps showing the extent of the redefined ESAs in the 123 villages identified by the High Level Working Group (HLWG).

c)     The Kerala State Remote Sensing and Environment Centre had prepared cadastral maps redefining the boundaries of the ESAs.

d)     The colour-coded maps locating forests, residential areas, water bodies, and rocks were scanned, electronically stitched and uploaded onto the website of the Kerala State Biodiversity Board.

e)     The cadastral maps are only scanned sheets with field-level data copied onto survey maps. They need to be digitized and converted to the Geographic Information System (GIS) format to enable calculation of the area based on survey number.

6.

Water shortage hits Bharatpur sanctuary (Page 9)

a)     Environment

b)     Geography

a)     Keoladeo National sanctuary

b)     Gambhir River  

c)     Chambal River

d)     Goverdhan river

e)     Panchana Dam

f)     Southwest monsoon

a)     The Bharatpur bird sanctuary is facing a shortage of flowing water which is important to sustain the 29 sqkm aquatic habitat where herons breed during the current season.

b)     The Keoladeo National sanctuary at Bharatpur must receive 550 million cubic feet of water annually during the monsoon season for its nearly 10 sqkm area to remain water-logged and support resident and migratory species throughout winter.

c)     The sanctuary used to receive flowing water through the Gambhir River. But the river stopped flowing over a decade ago due to construction of the Panchana Dam in Karauli district.

7.

Pursuing the Shiva crater theory of dinosaur extinction (Page 18)

a)     Geography

b)     S&T

a)     Shiva crater

b)     Chicxulub crater

c)     Continental Shelf

d)     Mumbai Offshore Basin

a)     In search of an answer to how dinosaurs went extinct 65 million years ago, Indian-American scientist will visit India in the spring of 2015 to continue research on the Shiva crater hypothesis.

b)     Along with the Shiva crater, the Chicxulub crater of Mexico has been linked to the extinction of dinosaurs.

c)      The Shiva crater is about 500 km in diameter and discovered it from geophysical evidence and drill core samples in the Mumbai Offshore Basin on the western continental shelf of India.

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