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Daily News Analysis 04-09-2014

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

Lokpal search panel gets freedom of choice (Pages 1 and 10)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Lokpal Act

b)     Search panel

c)     Section 4(3) of Lokpal Act

a)    The Department of Personnel and Training has notified amendments giving autonomy to the Lokpal search committee to shortlist and recommend names independently for selection of Chairman and members of the anti-corruption body.

b)    The amendments marked in the proper democratic process for the Lokpal and it ensures that the appointment process is not loaded in favour of the government in power.

c)     As per revised rules, the composition of search panel reduced to 7 members from 8.

2.

India talking to WTO members on food subsidy issue (Page 13)

a)     I.R

b)     Economy

a)     Trade Facilitation Agreement

b)     WTO

c)     Food subsidy

a)    India is talking to number of countries to get support on its stand on the food security issue at the WTO with a view to carrying forward the talks for freer trade.

b)    At its last meeting at Geneva on July 31, the 160-member WTO failed to agree on a global customs pact popularly called the Trade Facilitation Agreement.

c)    India had decided not to ratify WTOs TFA, which is dear to the developed world without any movement in finding a permanent solution to its public food stock-holding issue for food security purposes.

d)    The current WTO norms limit the value of food subsidies at 10 per cent of the total value of foodgrain production.

3.

For a WTO stand with PDS in hand (Page 8)

a)     I.R

b)     Economy

a)     Trade Facilitation Agreement

b)     WTO Ministerial Conference

c)     Bali declaration

d)     PDS

e)     Public Stockholding for Food Security

a)     India should continue with its stand at the WTO to demand a permanent solution to the issue of public stockholding for food security before the protocol on trade facilitation is signed. It should also resist efforts to dismantle the Public Distribution System.

b)    In December 2013, two important items adopted at the Ninth WTO Ministerial Conference in Bali were the decisions on the Agreement on Trade Facilitation and on Public Stockholding for Food Security Purposes.

c)     TFA relates to the reduction of administrative barriers to trade like dealing with custom barriers, documentation and transparency.

d)     Public Stockholding for Food Security concerns the procurement and storage of food grains by state agencies for the public distribution of food.

4.

China to develop industrial parks (Page 14)

a)     I.R

b)     Economy

a)     India – China trade ties

b)     Bilateral trade

c)     Industrial park

a)     China will set up two industrial parks in India, one each in Gujarat and Maharashtra. And the two countries are expected to sign agreements for this soon.

b)    The park in Maharashtra will be focussed on automobile sector and that in Gujarat on the power sector.

c)    Bilateral trade between the two countries during the first three quarters of this year is expected to be nearly $56 billion.

d)    Chinas direct investments in India were about $1 billion and Indian investment in China was $4 billion.    

5.

High fiscal deficit, inflation limit rating upgrade: Moodys (Page 13)

a)     Economy

a)     Fiscal deficit

b)     Inflation

c)     GDP

d)     Current account deficit

e)     CPI

a)     The rating agency Moodys said that a high fiscal deficit and oppressive inflation limit chances of an upward revision in the countrys total ratings.

b)    Recently the government released the first quarter GDP at 5.7 percent and current account deficit at 1.7 percent of GDP.

c)    The government has committed a 4.1 per cent fiscal deficit target for the fiscal but has already drained over 61 per cent of the fiscals target in the first four months itself.

d)     Inflation measured by CPI continues to rotate at 8 per cent with upward pressures being applied by food prices due to weak monsoon.

6.

Cardiovascular risk factors low but mortality high in India (Page 15)

a)     S&T

b)     Health

a)     Cardiovascular diseases

b)     Census 2011

c)     Mortality

d)     Diabetes

a)     People living in low-income countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Zimbabwe have the lowest risk factors for Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) compared with those living in high-income countries like Canada, Sweden and the United Arab Emirates.

b)     The rate of deaths from CVD is highest in the low-income countries but not in the high-income countries.

c)     The risk factors for cardiovascular problems include smoking, high cholesterol, high blood pressure, diabetes, obesity, stress, insufficient intake of vegetables and fruits and inactive lifestyle.

7.

Smoky fires raise risk of respiratory diseases, early death (Page 15)

a)     S&T

b)     Health

c)     Environment

a)     Global warming

b)     Air pollution

c)     Household Air Pollution

d)     Fossil fuel

e)     Green house gas emissions

a)     One third of the worlds population are exposed to toxic amounts of pollution produced when households burn plant material, animal waste and coal for cooking, lighting and heating.

b)     Air pollution is the major environmental cause of death in the world in which Household Air Pollution is a major contributor.

c)     The burning of coal could give rise to respiratory tract cancers. Chronic lung diseases are associated with solid fuel use for cooking.

8.

Diabetes triples the risk of developing active TB (Page 15)

a)     S&T

b)     Health

a)     Diabetes

b)     Tuberculosis

c)     Hyperglycaemia

d)     Mycobacterium tuberculosis

e)     Glycaemic

f)     WHO

a)      India has the highest number of people in the world with active tuberculosis.

b)      Even hyperglycaemia associated with prediabetes can increase a persons risk of developing active TB.

c)      WHO reported that there is increasing risk of progression to active TB disease in people who have become infected with Mycobacterium tuberculosis.

d)      It can not only worsen the control of blood sugar but also complicate clinical management of diabetes.

e)       Like most infectious diseases, TB can also worsen glycaemic control through several pathogenic mechanisms related to the stress on the body caused by the infection which can result in increased insulin resistance.

 

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