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Daily News Analysis 11-01-2015

S.NO.

NEWS ITEM

SYLLUBUS

BACKGROUND

IMPORTANT POINTS

1.

 

Sirisena to visit India first in Feb (Pages 1 and 8)

a)     I.R

a)     India – Sri Lanka relations

b)     Fisherman issue

c)     Chinas projects in Sri Lanka

d)     Indias concerns

a)     Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena is to visit New Delhi next month on his first State visit abroad.

b)     PM Modi invited him when he called to congratulate the latter on his election victory.

c)     Sri Lanka also plans to release soon 15 Indian fishermen in its custody.

d)     Sri Lankas relations with India are set to improve because the new govt recognised the importance of having India on its side.

e)     Sri Lanka would release 15 Indian fishermen but the new govt would need to take a policy decision on returning their trawlers.

f)     During the campaign for the presidential election, Sirisena had promised to correct the pro-China move in Sri Lankas foreign policy.

g)     After winning the election, the new president said his foreign policy would reflect equal ties with all countries.

2.

N.Korea offers to suspend n-tests (Page 12)

a)     International

a)     North Korea – US relations

b)     North Korea – South Korea relations

c)     Nuclear tests

d)     Military exercises

a)     North Korea said it had offered to temporarily suspend any future nuclear test if the US cancels its annual joint military drills with South Korea this year.

b)     The message called on Washington to help ease tensions on the Korean peninsula by suspending all of this years joint military exercises in South Korea and its surrounding area.

c)     However, US criticised the offer as an implicit threat, adding that Pyongyang was inappropriately linking routine military exercises between Washington and Seoul to the possibility of a nuclear test.

3.

Pranab flags short life of ordinances (Pages 1 and 8)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Ordinances

b)     Land Acquisition Act 2013

c)     Citizenship Act

d)     Motor Vehicles Act

e)     Article 123

f)     Person of Indian Origin (PIO)

g)     Overseas Citizen of India (OCI)

 

a)     President Pranab reminded senior Ministers of the Modi govt that the validity of an ordinance was for just six weeks after Parliament re-assembled.

b)     His comments came when they called on him to explain the urgency for enacting three ordinances.

c)     This implies that the govt will have to turn the ordinances into Bills and get contentious legislation passed either through the Rajya Sabha, where it does not have the majority or call a joint sitting of the two Houses.

d)     He told that it was up to the govt to ensure that the life of the ordinances extended beyond the mandated six weeks after Parliament resumed.

e)     President is reported to have sought detailed clarifications from Finance Minister on the urgency of on the ordinance amending the Land Acquisition Act, 2013.

f)     While seeking reasons to justify the urgency of issuing this and two other ordinances amending the Motor Vehicles Act and the Citizenship Act, he is said to have pointed out that the impact of the ordinances would be permanent.

g)     The President was informed that the ordinance to amend the Citizenship Act (putting a PIO on a par with an OCI) was to honour a commitment given by Modi in Sept last 2013.

h)     The ordinance was signed by the President ahead of the Pravasi Bharatiya Divas.

i)     When the President enacted the Citizenship (Amendment) Ordinance, it was the ninth request of Article 123 by the Modi govt in a little over seven months but it was also the 646th ordinance since 1952.

j)     Though Jawaharlal Nehru had called ordinances (in play since 1861) a charter of slavery, he along with B. R. Ambedkar batted for its inclusion during the Constituent Assembly debates and 66 ordinances were enacgted under PM Nehrus watch between 1952 and 1964.

k)     If he gave the way for repeated use of Article 123 by govts that followed, he also made a U-turn on ordinances as an acceptable norm within the political class.

l)     Once out of govt, every political party bills ordinance as authoritarian and a subversion of parliamentary democracy but a cursory look at the ordinances enacted over the years shows how Article 123 becomes a handy tool of governance once in power.

4.

SC has no option but to set rapist free (Page 9)

a)     National

b)     Polity

a)     Juvenile Justice Act

b)     Section 7 A of the Juvenile Justice Act

c)     Supreme Court

a)     The Supreme Court set free a man sentenced to life imprisonment for the rape and murder of a seven-year-old girl after medical examination found he was a juvenile at the time of the crime.

b)     Justice Thakurs Bench said the circumstances form a complete chain and lead to the irresistible conclusion that the appellant was responsible for the offence of rape and murder of the baby-girl.

c)     But for the protection available to him under the Juvenile Justice Act, the appellant may have deserved the severest punishment permissible under law.

d)     Section 7 A of the Juvenile Justice Act 2000 provides that an accused can claim he was a juvenile at the time of the alleged crime during any stage of the case and before any court.

e)     If medical examination proved his claim right, the court had to treat him as a juvenile, no matter what his present age was.

f)     Being treated a juvenile would mean that punishment (even for horrible offences like rape and murder) would be reduced to a round of advice, community service or a period of two years in a special home.

g)     In the present case, the accused (who is deaf and dumb) was found guilty of picking up the seven-year-old victim while she was sleeping and then raping and murdering her in April 1998.

h)     He was sentenced to life imprisonment by the trial court in Jan 2004.

i)     In his appeal before the Supreme Court, the accused (in a fresh plea) said he was a juvenile in 1998. Medical examination proved that the accused was just over 17 years of age when he allegedly committed the crime.

j)     This left Justice Thakurs Bench with no option but to let him go.

k)     In Nov 2014 hearing, a Bench led by Justice Dipak Misra had found the juvenile law far too liberal and had questioned the legality of Section 7A.

5.

Sindhushree is CEO of NITI Aayog (Page 8)

a)     National

a)     National Institution for Transforming India (NITI) Aayog

b)     Planning Commission

c)     Five year plans

a)     The Union govt appointed the former Planning Commission Secretary Sindhushree Khullar the first Chief Executive Officer of the NITI Aayog.

b)     Earlier this month, PM Modi appointed economist Arvind Panagariya Vice-Chairman of NITI Aayog. 

c)     He appointed Union Home Minister Rajnath Singh, Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley, Railways Minister Suresh Prabhu and Union Agriculture Minister Radha Mohan Singh ex-officio members.

6.

Gujarat Summit 2015: the diplomacy of business (Page 9)

a)     National

a)     Gujarat Summit 2015

b)     Smart cities project

c)     Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR)

a)     The Vibrant Gujarat Summit 2015 will be used as a stage for business-related diplomacy with the US Secretary of State John Kerry and UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon attending the high-profile event.

b)     Started as a brainchild of Modi in 2003, the biennial event has been steadily rising in stature with every edition.

c)     This years event will see eight countries (Canada, Japan, China, Australia, the Netherlands, Singapore, South Africa and the US) partnering with the State.

d)     The summit will have a series of seminars on various themes, prominently Modis pet project of smart cities and Gujarats potential as a Defence production hub.

e)     Other areas include water security, health, sustainable energy, innovation and technology and CSR.

7.

Naming the wild winds (Page 11)

a)     Environment

b)     Geography

a)     Tsunami

b)    Cyclones

c)     Earthquake

d)     Hurricanes

e)     Typhoons

f)     Floods

g)     World Meteorological Organisation (WMO)

h)     Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP)

i)     Alia

j)     Phaillin

k)     Nilofar

l)     Hudhud

a)     Ten years after the deadliest tsunami in recent times struck the coast of several Asian countries including India, it is remembered primarily by the year of its occurrence (2004) and the unbelievable destruction it wrought.

b)     Tsunamis have no names, at least not yet. Nor do earthquakes or floods.

c)     It has been common practice for quite some years now to give names to one highly destructive kind of natural calamity - the cyclone.

d)     Cyclones were just terrible storms that rose in the Bay of Bengal and hit the coasts of Andhra Pradesh or Odisha or West Bengal or of neighbouring Bangladesh.

e)     Even the massive cyclone that struck Odisha in 1999 and caused enormous destruction (taking a toll of about 10,000 human lives) was known only as the super-cyclone.

f)     The system of naming of Atlantic cyclones (known as hurricanes or typhoons) is a fairly old practice but giving names to cyclones that originate in the northern Indian Ocean and affect South Asian countries began only at the turn of this century.

g)     The system was formalised at a meeting of the WMO and the UNs ESCAP in 2000 and the first cyclone was named in 2004.

h)     Eight north Indian Ocean countries (Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Myanmar, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Thailand) were asked to contribute names so that a combined list could be compiled. 

i)     Each country gave eight names and a combined list of 64 names was prepared.

j)     This list is currently in use and all cyclones arising in the north Indian Ocean are named from this list with one name from each country being used in turn.

k)     Aila in 2009 is remembered with a shiver for the enormous destruction it caused in West Bengal and Bangladesh; Phaillin, also for the damage it caused when it hit the Odisha coast in 2013.

l)     Two harmless cyclones (which also might remain in peoples memory) are the more recent ones of 2014 – Hudhud, which threatened the east coast of India and Nilofar, which was expected to but did not devastate the western coast.

m)     The name Aila (contributed by the Maldives) means fire, the name Phaillin from Thailand means sapphire, the name Hudhud from Oman is the name of a bird and the name Nilofar (given by Pakistan) is the Urdu name of the lotus or water lily.

n)     The eight names suggested by India (which are in the list of 64) are Agni, Akaash, Bijli, Jal, Leher, Megh, Sagar and Vayu.

o)     May be it is because we have become better at disaster management, may be it is because giving a cyclone a name makes it easier to spread the word.

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